Le Moulin de la Galette
Oil on canvas
18 × 21 1/2 in, 45.7 × 54.6 cm
The Moulin de la Galette is a windmill and associated businesses situated near the top of the district of Montmartre in Paris. Since the 17th century the windmill has been known for more than just its milling capabilities. Nineteenth-century owners and millers, the Debray family, made a brown bread, galette, which became popular and thus the name of the windmill and its businesses, which have included a famous guinguette and restaurant. In the 19th century, Le Moulin de la Galette represented diversion for Parisians seeking entertainment, a glass of wine and bread made from flour ground by the windmill. Artists, such as Renoir, van Gogh, and Pissarro have immortalized Le Moulin de la Galette; likely the most notable was Renoir's festive painting, Bal du moulin de la Galette. More on The Moulin de la Galette
Jules-Émile Élisée Maclet is famous for his Paris street scenes, much in the tradition that Utrillo would soon follow. Indeed, born in Lihons-en-Santerre, Picardie (April 12, 1881), the artist began his career while still a choirboy. He moved to Montmartre in 1906, after his mother's death, where he began painting the Montmartre landscape, anticipating the themes that Utrillo would eventually depict, as well as other colorful scenes of the city (and elsewhere in France and Italy). He would have had more works extant today, but he was institutionalized much of the last 30 years of his life. More on Jules-Émile Élisée Maclet
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