Thursday, January 5, 2017

24 Paintings, strolling through 18 & 19th C Venice, by the artists of the time, with foot notes. #4

Henry Woods, R.A., 1846-1921
SAN TROVASO, VENICE, c. 1906
Oil on canvas
96.5 by 61cm., 38 by 24in.
Private Collection

San Trovaso is a church in the sestiere or neighborhood of Dorsoduro in Venice.

Henry Woods RA (22 April 1846 – 27 October 1921) was an English painter and illustrator, and one of the leading Neo-Venetian school artists. He was born to a middle-class family at Warrington.

Woods studied at Warrington School where he received a Department of Science and Art bronze medal, and a scholarship to study at South Kensington School of Art, moving to London in 1865 with his fellow art student Luke Fildes. In 1869 both Woods and Fildes became illustrators for The Graphic newspaper. The same year Woods began exhibiting at Royal Academy exhibitions.

Woods first visit to Venice was in 1876, and, despite a few trips back to England, he stayed and worked there from 1878 to the end of his life, portraying everyday life of Venetian people.  In the summer of 1880 he visited England and took up a commission in the Artists' Rifles.

It was his 1881 Venice paintings At the foot of the Rialto and The Gondolier's Courtship that aided his associate membership of the Royal Academy in 1882; in 1893 he became a full member. In 1889 a work submitted to the Paris Exposition Universelle won a bronze medal.

Woods was also a member of The Arts Club, and an honorary member of the Accademia di Bella Arte. More

Edward Seago, R.W.S., 1910-1974
A VENETIAN SQUARE
Oil on board
40.5 by 61cm., 16 by 24in.
Private Collection

Edward Brian Seago, 1910–1974; was a British painter, writer, and illustrator, born in Norwich. He was confined to bed for much of his childhood, had little formal education, and was mainly self-taught as an artist. From 1928 to 1933 he travelled with circuses in Britain and abroad, and he wrote three illustrated books on the circus in the 1930s. However, he became best known for landscapes and portraits.

During the Second World War he served as a camouflage officer and after being invalided from the army in 1944 he was invited by Field Marshal Alexander to paint scenes of the Italian campaign in 1945. In 1953 he was appointed an official Coronation artist and in 1956–7 he accompanied the Duke of Edinburgh on a world tour.  More Seago

Edward Brian Seago (1910–1974)
The Dark Canal, Venice, Italy, c. 1940
Oil on panel
21.7 x 26.6 cm
Norfolk Museums Service

Edward Brian Seago (1910–1974), see above

Edward Brian Seago (1910–1974)
The Doge's Palace, Venice
Oil on board
57.5 x 77 cm 
Beecroft Art Gallery

Edward Brian Seago (1910–1974), see above

Edward Brian Seago (1910–1974)
La Vena Canal, Chioggia, Italy, c. 1950
Oil on hardboard
30.5 x 40.6 cm
Norfolk Museums Service

Chioggia is a coastal town of the Metropolitan City of Venice in the Veneto.

Edward Brian Seago (1910–1974), see above

Edward Seago, R.W.S., 1910-1974
THE TWO COLUMNS, VENICE
Oil on board
66 by 91.5cm., 26 by 36in.
Private Collection

Edward Brian Seago (1910–1974), see above

Martin Rico y Ortega
Santa Maria della Salute and the Dogana, Venice, c. 1900
Oil on canvas
66 by 91.5cm., 26 by 36in.
Private Collection

Santa Maria della Salute, commonly known simply as the Salute, is a Roman Catholic church and minor basilica located at Punta della Dogana in the Dorsoduro sestiere of the city of Venice, Italy.

It stands on the narrow finger of Punta della Dogana, between the Grand Canal and the Giudecca Canal, at the Bacino di San Marco, making the church visible when entering the Piazza San Marco from the water. The Salute is part of the parish of the Gesuati and is the most recent of the so-called plague-churches.

The dome of the Salute was an important addition to the Venice skyline and soon became emblematic of the city, inspiring artists like Canaletto, J. M. W. Turner, John Singer Sargent, and Francesco Guardi. More

Martín Rico y Ortega (12 November 1833, El Escorial – 13 April 1908, Venice, Italy) was a Spanish painter of landscapes and cityscapes. Rico was one of the most important artists of the second half of the nineteenth century in his native country, and enjoyed wide international recognition.

Rico was born in Madrid and received his earliest formal training at the city’s Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando, where he studied under Jenaro Pérez Villaamil, the Academy’s first professor of landscape painting. Under the tutelage of Pérez Villaamil, Rico’s earliest works show him influenced by Romanticism, the style for which his teacher was known. In 1860, having been awarded a government-sponsored scholarship, Rico moved to Paris to continue his studies.

His landscapes from this decade depict the French and Swiss countryside in a fully accomplished Realist style. Toward the end of 1870, due to political and social unrest caused by the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War, Rico decided to leave France and return to his native Spain.

At the invitation of his good friend and colleague Marià Fortuny, Rico moved to the southern city of Granada, joining Fortuny and his wife Cecilia, as well as the painter Ricardo de Madrazo. The three artists worked closely during this period, with the styles of Rico and Fortuny overlapping so much that their watercolors—a specialty for both artists—were often confused for one another. It was during this time that, through Fortuny’s influence, Rico’s paintings began to reveal a newfound sense of luminosity and color. His time in Andalucía was, according to his memoirs, one of his happiest, and also one of his most artistically productive periods. More Ortega

Ippolito Caffi
Veduta notturna del Molo verso la Basilica della Salute/ Night view of the Molo towards the Basilica della Salute, c. 1850
Oil on canvas
28 3/8 x 37 in. (72 x 94 cm.)
Private Collection

Santa Maria della Salute, see above

Ippolito Caffi (1809–1866) was an Italian painter of architectural subjects and seascapes or urban vedute. He was born at Belluno. His first works were produced at the Academy of Fine Arts of Venice. By 1830, he had won awards for his vedute at the Academy. He subsequently moved to Rome, made some reputation by his treatise on perspective, as well as by his investigations on Roman archaeology. In 1843 he visited Greece and the East (Athens, Constantinople, Syria, Egypt, and Malta). The first work of his that created a sensation was Carnival at Venice. This was exhibited at Paris in 1846, and was admired for its brilliant effects of light. Other works are his Panorama of Rome from Monte Mario, Isthmus of Suez, and Close of the Carnival at Rome. He joined revolutionary movements in Venice in 1848, and had to retire into Piedmont. His aim of commemorating in paint the first Italian naval engagement was frustrated when the Re d' Italia, on which he traveled was destroyed on July 20, 1866, by Austro-Venetian fleet at the battle of Lissa, drowning him along with his comrades. More Caffi

English Follower of Antonio Canal, called il Canaletto, 18th Century
The Grand Canal, Venice looking northwest from the Palazzo Vendramin-Calergi to San Geremia and the Palazzo Frangini
Oil on canvas 
39.2 x 67.7cm (15 7/16 x 26 5/8in)
Private Collection

The Grand Canal in Venice, Italy forms one of the major water-traffic corridors in the city. Public transport is provided by water buses and private water taxis, and many tourists explore the canal by gondola.

One end of the canal leads into the lagoon near the Santa Lucia railway station and the other end leads into Saint Mark Basin; in between, it makes a large reverse-S shape through the central districts of Venice. More Grand Canal

Canaletto, byname of Giovanni Antonio Canal (born Oct. 18, 1697, Venice—died April 20, 1768, Venice) Italian topographical painter whose masterful expression of atmosphere in his detailed views (vedute) of Venice and London and of English country homes influenced succeeding generations of landscape artists.

Canaletto was born into a noble family whose coat of arms he occasionally used as a signature. How he came to be known as Canaletto is uncertain, however; perhaps the name was first used to distinguish him from his father, Bernardo Canal, a theatrical scene painter in whose studio Canaletto assisted. More

Canaletto's early works remain his most coveted and, according to many authorities, his best. One of his early pieces is The Stonemason's Yard (1729, London, the National Gallery) which depicts a humble working area of the city.

Later Canaletto painted grand scenes of the canals of Venice and the Doge's Palace. His large-scale landscapes portrayed the city's pageantry and waning traditions, making innovative use of atmospheric effects and strong local colors. For these qualities, his works may be said to have anticipated Impressionism. More

English Follower of Antonio Canal, called il Canaletto, 18th Century
The Grand Canal, Venice looking northeast from Santa Croce to San Geremia 
Oil on canvas 
39.2 x 67.7cm (15 7/16 x 26 5/8in)
Private Collection

The Grand Canal in Venice, Italy, see above

English Follower of Antonio Canal, called il Canaletto, 18th Century, see above

Antoine Bouvard, 1870 - 1956
VENICE FROM THE LAGOON
Oil on canvas
25 x 19.25 in
Private Collection

The Venetian Lagoon is an enclosed bay off the Adriatic Sea, on which the city of Venice is situated. Its name in the Italian and Venetian languages, Laguna Veneta. More Laggon

Antoine Bouvard, St. Jean-de-Bournay, 1870 - 1956 was a French landscape painter. He studied architecture at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris under Constant-Dufeus and became director of a. government agency of architecture. In his paintings he specialized in views of Venice. More


Félix Ziem, 1821 - 1911, FRENCH
LE QUAI DES ESCLAVES/THE QUAI OF SLAVES, VENISE
Oil on panel
53.5 by 84.5cm., 21 by 33in.
Private Collection

Slaves were plentiful in the Italian city-states as late as the 15th century. Between 1414 and 1423, some 10,000 slaves, imported from Caffa, were sold in Venice

Félix Ziem (February 26, 1821 – November 10, 1911) was a French painter in the style of the Barbizon School. He was born Félix-Francois Georges Philibert Ziem in Beaune in the Côte-d'Or département of the Burgundy région of France. His mother was a native of Burgundy who had married an immigrant. Originally, Ziem planned to be an architect and studied at the School of Architecture in Dijon, and for a time he worked as an architect. In 1839 he moved to Marseilles, where he received some informal instruction in painting from Adolphe Monticelli. Painting developed from a hobby into a career following a visit in 1841 to Italy, where he fell in love with the city of Venice, a place that would become the source for many of his works, and to which he returned annually until 1892. Apart from Venetian scenes, he also painted many still lifes, portraits, and landscapes from a variety of places including Constantinople, Martigues, Cagnes-sur-Mer and his native Burgundy. More


Félix Ziem, 1821 - 1911, FRENCH
Le Palais des Doges vu du Canal de la Grazia/The Doge's Palace seen from the Canal de la Grazia 
Oil on panel
26 7/8 x 41 ¾ in. (68.4 x 106.2 cm.)
Private Collection

Félix Ziem, 1821 - 1911, FRENCH, see above

Antoine Bouvard, 1870 - 1956
Canal à Venise
Oil on canvas
45 x 64 cm
Private Collection

Antoine Bouvard, St. Jean-de-Bournay, 1870 - 1956, see above

 Germain Fabius Brest, 1823 - 1900
View of Venice
Oil on canvas mounted on panel
15.5 x 11.5 cm
Private Collection

Fabius Brest (31 July 1823 in Marseille and died in the same city 5 November 1900) was a French orientalist painter.

Fabius Brest was the student painters Émile Loubon of Marseille , and Constant Troyon in Paris . On the advice of Loubon, who had made a trip to Palestine which had deeply affected him, Fabius took a trip to Turkey from 1855 to 1859. He returned with many paintings of landscapes. The Eastern, and especially oriental, architecture remained the main sources of inspiration throughout his life. More

Antonio Reyna, (1859-1937)
A Venetian canal
Oil on canvas
13 1/2 x 29 1/4in (34.5 x 74.5cm)
Private Collection

Antonio Maria de Reyna Manescau (1859-1937), Spanish,  began life and his artistic passion in Malaga, studying at the Spanish city’s School of Fine Art. Encouraged to study abroad, he arrived in Rome and traveled on to Venice as early as 1876, and immediately began a lifelong effort to capture the canaled city's topical landscapes.

The architectural of Venice highlights the career works of Reyna. Often the Basillica at San Marcos, the Santa Maria della Salute, or other prominent landmarks are portrayed by this artist, and it is pleasant to note that his views of the remote backwaters and unique spots of the Italian City-State are given equal importance and weight by this artist.


Reyna painted with a critical focus for accurate proportions and colorful, vibrant subjects in his works. More often they are traditional horizontal presentations with a ratio of greater than two-to-one in width to height, focusing the views into panoramic scenes of vast distance and close detail combined. Reyna highlighted his career by exhibiting works with the National Society of Fine Art in Paris in 1887, and at a large exposition at the National University of Rome in 1911. More

Antoine Bouvard, 1870 - 1956
A view of the Palazzo Ducale from the Baccino, Venice
Oil on canvas
18 1/2 x 25in (37 x 63.5cm)
Private Collection

The Doge's Palace (Italian: Palazzo Ducale) is a palace built in Venetian Gothic style, and one of the main landmarks of the city of Venice in northern Italy. The palace was the residence of the Doge of Venice, the supreme authority of the former Republic of Venice, opening as a museum in 1923.  More Palazzo Ducale

Antoine Bouvard, St. Jean-de-Bournay, 1870 - 1956, see above

Henry Pember Smith, 1854 - 1907
The harbor of Venice
Watercolor over pencil
17 x 28in (43.2 x 71.1cm)
Private Collection

Henry Pember Smith (February 20, 1854 – October 16, 1907) was an American painter, best known for his depictions of country cottages and river scenes around Lyme and East Lyme, Connecticut, and paintings of the sea and shore in New Jersey, Rhode Island, and Cape Ann to Maine.

Smith was born in Waterford, Connecticut. During the 1880s, he studied the Old Masters in Paris, Brittany, Normandy, Venice and along the English Cornish coast. He was a member of the Artists' Fund Society and the American Water Color Society, and exhibited at the National Academy of Design from 1877-1896, 1899, 1901, 1906; the Brooklyn Art Club (1878-1885, 1892); Boston Art Club (1880-1890); Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art (1881, 1888); and the Art Institute of Chicago. Smith died of heart disease in Asbury, New Jersey. More

Henry Pember Smith, 1854 - 1907
Gondolas on a Venetian canal
Oil on canvas
16 x 24in (40.7 x 61cm)
Private Collection

Henry Pember Smith (February 20, 1854 – October 16, 1907) see above

Eugen von Blaas, 1843 - 1931, AUSTRIAN
ANTICIPATION, c. 1911
Oil on canvas
80.5 by 45.5cm., 31¾ by 17¾in.
Private Collection

Eugen von Blaas, 1843 - 1931, AUSTRIAN, was famed for depicting beautiful Italian women at work or in the company of admiring suitors. Anticipation shows a dark haired young woman leaning her elbow on a balustrade overlooking the Venetian lagoon. She dreamily gazes towards the water, where a gondola is just coming into view. The precise technique and bright palette of Blaas’ Venetian genre scenes were in tune with the Venetian tradition of painting. Famed for his depictions of everyday life in Venice, Blaas' very commercial subjects and finely painted, vividly coloured canvases found a ready market among the wealthy travellers and tourists visiting the city. Above all he strove to capture the inherent beauty of the Italian women with vignettes of their conversations in the street or courting with lovers. More

Master of the Langmatt Foundation Views (active Venice, circa 1740-1770)
Bacino di San Marco/ St. Mark's Basin, Venice 
Oil on canvas
36.8 x 57.2cm (14 1/2 x 22 1/2in)
Private Collection

St. Mark's Basin is where the Grand Canal and the Giudecca Canal merge.

Apollonio Domenichini, alternatively referred to as the Maestro della Fondazione Langmatt, or Menichini or il Menichino (Venice, 1715 - c.1770) was an Italian painter of vedute, active in Venice, Italy, between 1740 and 1770.

He was a pupil of Luca Carlevarijs and Johan Richter. He is best known for his pictorial representations of views of Venice and its surroundings. His name is recorded in the records of the fraglia or guild of Venetian painters in 1757, and it often appears as the painter of many works sent by the art dealer Giovanni Maria Sasso to the English minister John Strange in the second half of the eighteenth century. His name was proposed as the "master of the Langmatt Foundation" name from the series of thirteen vedute owned by the Langmatt Foundation in Baden near Zurich. More Domenichini

ANTONIO MARÍA DE REYNA MANESCAU, (spanish 1859-1937) 
A VENETIAN LAGOON 
Oil on board 
13 7/8 x 25 5/8 in. (35.2 x 65.1cm) 
Private Collection

Antonio Maria De Reyna Mascau ( Coin , December 5 , 1859 - Rome , 3 February 1937) was a Spanish artist , and among the most original of his time in Italy.

From a young age he showed a predisposition and great passion for drawing, thanks to this outstanding talent, he was enrolled in painting classes at the School of Fine Arts in Malaga , where he began his artistic training.

Antonio become a celebrity in his hometown, the County Council awarded him an annuity paiment so he could expand his studies and his knowledge. This revenue allowed him to move to Italy, where he could devote himself to the study of the old masters

He chose Rome, where he visits with the most important artists of the time, and where he married the opera singer Beatrice Mililotti De Santis. Thanks to his wife's, he had important commissions from the most important families in the city.

He was considered one of the most significant authors of Venetian view painting in the nineteenth and twentieth century. He painted palaces and Venetian architecture, for this reason it was referred to as the painter of Venice using a very personal technique, which gave the works, a vibrant and intense light through a very rich palette chromatically. He has exhibited at the National Academy of Fine Arts in Paris in 1887 and also participated in 1901 and 1911 at the Great Exhibition of Rome.

Antonio Reyna, along with Senet has continued the tradition started by Martin Rico y Ortega, painters of light and color on the canvas that have set their impressions through animated pictorial images from the canals, gondolas, Venetian palaces and squares. More Reyna Mascau 

Alfred Pollentine, (1836-1890) 
Entrance to the Grand Canal Venice, c. 1874
Oil on canvas
31.75ins x 50ins
Private Collection

ALFRED POLLENTINE (1836-1890) is best known for his beautifully depicted Venetian scenes. Most renowned for his substantial body of work depicting scenes of Venice, Alfred Pollentine occasionally painted views of familiar English coastal landmarks.

Although he exhibited at the major London galleries during the period 1861 - 1880, showing 2 works at the British Institution and 23 at the Royal Society of British Artists, Pollentine had a robust market for his work and he rarely needed to exhibit during latter part of his long career as an artist. More

Jean Jansem, 1920 - 2013
VENISE, circa 1967
Oil on paper laid down on canvas
19 3/4 by 25 1/2 in., 50.1 by 64.7 cm
Private Collection

Hovhannes "Jean" Semerdjian ( 9 March 1920 – 27 August 2013), also known as Jean Jansem, was a French-Armenian painter. Jansem's artworks are internationally known, and are part of museum collections throughout France, Japan and the United States. A Foreign member of the National Academy of Sciences of Armenia (2002).

He was awarded the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres in 1953 and by the Knight of the French Legion of Honour in 2003. The President of Armenia awarded Jansem a Medal of Honor for his “reinforcement of Armenian-French cultural ties.”


Acknowledgement: BONHAMS NEW YORK

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