Wednesday, October 31, 2018

01 Paintings, MIDDLE EASTERN ART, With Footnotes - 10

Unknown
Rustam killing the White Demon
Reverse Glass Painting, c/. 19th c
18 3/4 in. x 13 1/4 in.
Private collection

Rostam was the mightiest of Iranian holy warriors. He was immortalized by the 10th-century Persian poet Ferdowsi in the Shahnameh, or Epic of Kings, which contains pre-Islamic Iranian folklore and history.

When Kai Kaus's, the Shahs, expedition to Mazandaran fails, and the army is captured by the Demons. Rostam engages to liberate them. Rostam passes through a hero's journey to save his sovereign who is captured by the demons of Mazandaran. This journey is called "Rostam's Seven Quests" 

In his seventh, and final,  quest Rostam overthrows and kills Div-e-Sepid, the White Demon. The blood of the White Demon's heart restores Kai Kavus. More on Rostam






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01 Painting, Streets of Paris, by the artists of the time, Part 38 - With Footnotes

GEORGE MALVA AKA OMAR HAMDI, (Lebanese, born 1951),
Snow In Paris, 1995
Oil on canvas
24 x 36 in.

Omar "Malva" Hamdi was a Syrian Kurdish artist. Born in 1952 in Al-Hasakah, Syria, he worked as a graphic artist for the Syrian Press, where he also wrote articles on an Artistic Criticism. He settled in Vienna in 1978 and was awarded the Austrian Nationality, he was a member of the General Federation of Austrian Artists and the UNESCO, and a member of the Künstlerhaus - Wien.

His works of Art are widely exhibited in several art Galleries, including in particular, Arnot Gallery New York, which acted as a representative gallery of his works.

His works are acquired by art collectors and dealers, art galleries and exhibitions, museums, banks and Ministries of Culture, in addition to a large number of private property acquisitions in America, Canada, Austria, Germany, France, Italy, the Netherlands, Japan, Sri Lanka, and Russia.

Many of his works have been printed in postcards and posters by several publishing houses and are being distributed in numerous countries worldwide.

His life was devoted to full-time artistic work. More on Omar "Malva" Hamdi






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Thursday, October 25, 2018

01 Paintings, MODERN & CONTEMPORARY MIDDLE EASTERN ART, With Footnotes - 2a

Kamel Moustafa, (Egypt, 1917-1982)
Cairo Street Scene
oil on board, signed lower left
48 x 49cm (18 7/8 x 19 5/16in)
Private collection

Although this work is undated it has been suggested that it was executed in the early 1950s.

Kamel Moustafa belongs to the second generation of Modern Egyptian artists who sit between the Pioneers such as Mahmoud Said, Youssef Kamel and Mohammed Naghi and the Surrealists, Abdul Hadi El-Gazzar, Samir Rafi and Hamed Nada.

Following the 1952 revolution this new group of artists found themselves operating in a new window of freedom whose aim was to express national personality through symbolism. They emphasised the aesthetics of the new Egyptian society, which for the first time had managed to break away from foreign rule, local nepotism and privileged society. 

The artist was born and studied in Alexandria where his talent was first recognized. He was later encouraged by Mahmoud Said to join the Cairo School of Fine Arts in 1936 and graduated five years later. From 1936 the artist spent ten years working in Cairo painting a wide-range of subjects in an impressionist style including traditional scenes from the city and rural life; weddings, souks, markets, folk dances and other elements of traditional Egyptian life.

Between 1946 and 1950 Moustafa travelled to Italy for further study, returning in the early 1950s to resume his work until his death in Alexandria in 1982. More on Kamel Moustafa 




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Friday, October 19, 2018

01 Paintings, MODERN & CONTEMPORARY MIDDLE EASTERN ART, With Footnotes - 9

GEORGE MALVA AKA OMAR HAMDI, (Lebanese, born 1951),
Snow In Paris, 1995
Oil on canvas
24 x 36 in.

Omar "Malva" Hamdi was a Syrian Kurdish artist. Born in 1952 in Al-Hasakah, Syria, he worked as a graphic artist for the Syrian Press, where he also wrote articles on an Artistic Criticism. He settled in Vienna in 1978 and was awarded the Austrian Nationality, he was a member of the General Federation of Austrian Artists and the UNESCO, and a member of the Künstlerhaus - Wien.

His works of Art are widely exhibited in several art Galleries, including in particular, Arnot Gallery New York, which acted as a representative gallery of his works.

His works are acquired by art collectors and dealers, art galleries and exhibitions, museums, banks and Ministries of Culture, in addition to a large number of private property acquisitions in America, Canada, Austria, Germany, France, Italy, the Netherlands, Japan, Sri Lanka, and Russia.

Many of his works have been printed in postcards and posters by several publishing houses and are being distributed in numerous countries worldwide.

His life was devoted to full-time artistic work. More on Omar "Malva" Hamdi



Please visit my other blogs: Art CollectorMythologyMarine Art, and The Canals of Venice

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01 Painting, Streets of Paris, by the artists of the time, Part 37 - With Footnotes

Jean Kevorkian, (French, b. 1933)
Paris, la Seine, vu de Notre Dame
Oil on canvas
23-3/4 x 28-1/2 inches (60.3 x 72.4 cm)
Private collection

View from the top of Notre Dame Cathedral showing the Seine River and the Eiffel Tower; and the Notre Dame Bridge over the Seine, constructed in 1919 at the site of the very first bridge built in the city, and Pont au Change

Jean Kevorkian was born Paris on 7th May 1933. Kevorkian is one of France’s more successful contemporary painters. He is self taught and began painting at an early age, encouraged by his parents. His last name suggests Armenian roots, but his life and education have been entirely French.

Many years of his life have been spent in Brittany, in the region of St Malo and Cape Finistere, which has developed his interest and talent in marine subjects. His particular skill in conveying the atmosphere of the changing seasons distinguishes his work: The Ile de France, the banks of the Seine and Oise in Autumn and Winter are favourite themes.

He has received many prizes for his paintings in France, including Firsts in 1978, 1980 and 1981 with a ‘Diplome d’Honneur’ in 1980. Exhibitions of his paintings have been mainly in Paris and the provinces of France although examples of his work can be found in private collections in many countries. More on Jean Kevorkian







Please visit my other blogs: Art CollectorMythologyMarine Art, and The Canals of Venice

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Tuesday, October 16, 2018

01 Paintings by the Orientalist Artists in the Nineteenth-Century, with footnotes, 39

Frederick Arthur Bridgman, 1847 - 1928, AMERICAN
DETAIL, ARAB WOMEN ON A ROOFTOP, ALGIERS BEYOND
Oil on canvas
17 7/8 by 30 3/4 in., 45.4 by 78.1 cm
Private collection

Ferdinand Victor Léon Roybet (12 April 1840, Uzès - 11 April 1920, Paris) was a French painter and engraver; best known for his historical and costume genre scenes. His father was the owner of a café and a liqueur manufacturer who moved his family to Lyon in 1846. He began by studying engraving at the École nationale des beaux-arts de Lyon. After his father's death in 1863, he took his new wife and baby to Paris, where he studied with Jean-Georges Vibert and copied the Old Masters at the Louvre.

In 1865, after some financial hardships, he presented two paintings at the Salon and, the following year, achieved success when one of his works was purchased by Mathilde Bonaparte for 5,000 francs. He then decided to concentrate on costumed figures, mostly from the 18th century, and was awarded a contract for three canvases per month at an annual salary of 25,000 francs.

Frederick Arthur Bridgman, 1847 - 1928, AMERICAN
ARAB WOMEN ON A ROOFTOP, ALGIERS BEYOND
Oil on canvas
17 7/8 by 30 3/4 in., 45.4 by 78.1 cm
Private collection

He was named a knight in the Legion of Honour in 1893 and many wealthy people among his clients; notably Cornelius Vanderbilt, who paid 100,000 francs for one of his works at the Palais de l'Industrie in 1893. He also painted many notable people in period costume.


Toward the end of his life, he turned to religious subjects, producing a tableau of 22 paintings depicting the Passion of Christ. After his death, in 1921, they were the subject of a special showing at the Salon. Six years later, the Musée Roybet Fould was established in Courbevoie by Consuelo Fould, who owned a large number of Roybet's paintings. More on Ferdinand Victor Léon Roybet



Please visit my other blogs: Art CollectorMythologyMarine Art, and The Canals of Venice

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01 Painting, Streets of Paris, by the artists of the time, Part 36 - With Footnotes

Eugène Galien-Laloue, 1854-1941, FRENCH
LE MARCHÉ AUX FLEURS
Watercolour and gouache on paper
20.5 by 33cm., 8 by 13in.
Private property

The famous “Flowers and Birds Market (Marché aux fleurs et aux oiseaux)” has been located since 1808 on the Ile de la Cité, Place Louis Lépine, and Quai de la Corse along the Seine. Halfway between a covered and open-air market, the flower market is made up of six 1900-era pavilions, around tree-lined walkways. In these stalls, you can find a very wide variety of flowers, plants, and shrubs, and even decorative items, especially around Christmas. 

Since June 7, 2014, on the occasion of the state visit of the British Queen Elizabeth II who came to commemorate the 70th anniversary of D-Day, this market has been renamed. Indeed, during her visit to the market, the British head of state unveiled a new street sign with the name “Marché aux fleurs Reine Elizabeth II (Queen Elizabeth II Flower Market)”, which does nothing to detract from the authenticity of the place. More on the Marché aux fleurs


Eugène Galien-Laloue (1854–1941) was a French artist of French-Italian parents and was born in Paris on December 11, 1854. He was a populariser of street scenes, usually painted in autumn or winter. His paintings of the early 1900s accurately represent the era in which he lived: a happy, bustling Paris, la Belle Époque, with horse-drawn carriages, trolley cars and its first omnibuses. Galien-Laloue's works are valued not only for their contribution to 20th-century art, but for the actual history, which they document. His work can be seen at the Musée des Beaux-Arts, Louvier; Musée des Beaux-Arts, La Rochelle; Mulhouse, France. 


A typical Galien-Laloue painting depicts sidewalks and avenues crowded with people or tourists mingling before the capital's monuments. He also painted the landscapes of Normandy and Seine-et-Marne, as well as military scenes he was commissioned to produce in 1914. The Republic of France selected Galien-Laloue to work as a 'war artist,' both during the Franco-Prussian War and World War I, chiefly in watercolor. More on Eugène Galien-Laloue




Please visit my other blogs: Art CollectorMythologyMarine Art, and The Canals of Venice

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Saturday, October 13, 2018

01 Paintings by the Orientalist Artists in the Nineteenth-Century, with footnotes, 38

Ferdinand Victor Léon Roybet, 1840-1920, FRENCH
DETAIL, THE FAVORITE OF THE HAREM
Oil on panel
20 3/4 by 25 1/2 in., 52.7 by 64.8 cm
Private collection

Ferdinand Victor Léon Roybet, 1840-1920, FRENCH
THE FAVORITE OF THE HAREM
Oil on panel
20 3/4 by 25 1/2 in., 52.7 by 64.8 cm
Private collection

Ferdinand Victor Léon Roybet (12 April 1840, Uzès - 11 April 1920, Paris) was a French painter and engraver; best known for his historical and costume genre scenes. His father was the owner of a café and a liqueur manufacturer who moved his family to Lyon in 1846. He began by studying engraving at the École nationale des beaux-arts de Lyon. After his father's death in 1863, he took his new wife and baby to Paris, where he studied with Jean-Georges Vibert and copied the Old Masters at the Louvre.

In 1865, after some financial hardships, he presented two paintings at the Salon and, the following year, achieved success when one of his works was purchased by Mathilde Bonaparte for 5,000 francs. He then decided to concentrate on costumed figures, mostly from the 18th century, and was awarded a contract for three canvases per month at an annual salary of 25,000 francs.

He was named a knight in the Legion of Honour in 1893 and many wealthy people among his clients; notably Cornelius Vanderbilt, who paid 100,000 francs for one of his works at the Palais de l'Industrie in 1893. He also painted many notable people in period costume.


Toward the end of his life, he turned to religious subjects, producing a tableau of 22 paintings depicting the Passion of Christ. After his death, in 1921, they were the subject of a special showing at the Salon. Six years later, the Musée Roybet Fould was established in Courbevoie by Consuelo Fould, who owned a large number of Roybet's paintings. More on Ferdinand Victor Léon Roybet




Please visit my other blogs: Art CollectorMythologyMarine Art, and The Canals of Venice

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01 Paintings, The amorous game, Part 22 - With Footnotes

Eugen von Blaas, 1843 - 1931, AUSTRIAN
FLIRTATION, c. 1894
Oil on canvas
41 1/2 by 52 in., 105.4 by 132.1 cm
Private collection

Flirtation depicts three young women gathered around a vera da pozzo, the stone structure that protects the opening of a well. The carefully observed coat of arms represents the wealthy Venetian family who donated the well to the city, as was the case with many others dotted around numerous courtyards and public spaces. The women bring copper pots to gather drinking water and at the same time draw the attention of a flirtatious, barefoot suitor, who approaches with flower in hand. More on this painting

Eugen von Blaas was famed for depicting beautiful Italian women at work or in the company of admiring suitors. Anticipation shows a dark haired young woman leaning her elbow on a balustrade overlooking the Venetian lagoon. She dreamily gazes towards the water, where a gondola is just coming into view. The precise technique and bright palette of Blaas’ Venetian genre scenes were in tune with the Venetian tradition of painting. Famed for his depictions of everyday life in Venice, Blaas' very commercial subjects and finely painted, vividly coloured canvases found a ready market among the wealthy travellers and tourists visiting the city. Above all he strove to capture the inherent beauty of the Italian women with vignettes of their conversations in the street or courting with lovers. More on Eugen von Blaas



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01 Painting, Streets of Paris, by the artists of the time, Part 35 - With Footnotes

Eugène Galien-Laloue, 1854-1941, FRENCH
L'ARC DE TRIOMPHE
Gouache and watercolour over pencil on paper
18.5 by 30cm., 7¼ by 11¾in.
Private collection

The Arc de Triomphe de l'Étoile is one of the most famous monuments in Paris, standing at the western end of the Champs-Élysées at the center of Place Charles de Gaulle, formerly named Place de l'Étoile — the étoile or "star" of the juncture formed by its twelve radiating avenues.

Inspired by the Roman Arch of Titus, the Arc de Triomphe has an overall height of 50 metres (164 ft), width of 45 m (148 ft), and depth of 22 m (72 ft), while its large vault is 29.19 m (95.8 ft) high and 14.62 m (48.0 ft) wide. The smaller transverse vaults are 18.68 m (61.3 ft) high and 8.44 m (27.7 ft) wide. Three weeks after the Paris victory parade in 1919 (marking the end of hostilities in World War I), Charles Godefroy flew his Nieuport biplane under the arch's primary vault, with the event captured on newsreel.


Paris's Arc de Triomphe was the tallest triumphal arch until the completion of the Monumento a la Revolución in Mexico City in 1938. More on L'Arc de Triomphe

Eugène Galien-Laloue (1854–1941) was a French artist of French-Italian parents and was born in Paris on December 11, 1854. He was a populariser of street scenes, usually painted in autumn or winter. His paintings of the early 1900s accurately represent the era in which he lived: a happy, bustling Paris, la Belle Époque, with horse-drawn carriages, trolley cars and its first omnibuses. Galien-Laloue's works are valued not only for their contribution to 20th-century art, but for the actual history, which they document. His work can be seen at the Musée des Beaux-Arts, Louvier; Musée des Beaux-Arts, La Rochelle; Mulhouse, France.


A typical Galien-Laloue painting depicts sidewalks and avenues crowded with people or tourists mingling before the capital's monuments. He also painted the landscapes of Normandy and Seine-et-Marne, as well as military scenes he was commissioned to produce in 1914. The Republic of France selected Galien-Laloue to work as a 'war artist,' both during the Franco-Prussian War and World War I, chiefly in watercolor. More on Eugène Galien-Laloue




Please visit my other blogs: Art CollectorMythologyMarine Art, and The Canals of Venice

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Thursday, October 11, 2018

01 Paintings, The amorous game, Part 21 - With Footnotes

Mario Tozzi (1895 - 1979)
La Margherita, c. 1950
Oil on canvas
174x68 cm
Private collection


Mario Tozzi (30 October 1895 – 8 September 1979) was an Italian painter. He was awarded the Legion of Honour by the French government. Tozzi studied at the Accademia di Belle Arti di Bologna in Italy where he met Giorgio Morandi and Osvaldo Licini. He graduated in 1916.

After the First World War, he moved to Paris, France and founded the Groupe des Sept (also known as Les Italiens de Paris ) with Massimo Campigli, Giorgio de Chirico, Filippo de Pisis, Renato Paresce, Alberto Savinio and Gino Severini.

Tozzi returned to Rome in 1936. His work was exhibited at the Venice Biennale in 1938, 1942, 1948, 1952 and 1954.

He returned to France in 1971, dying there in 1979.

A catalogue raisonné of his paintings was published In 1988 by Giorgio Mondadori Editore and edited by Marilena Pasquali. More on Mario Tozzi




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01 Painting, Streets of Paris, by the artists of the time, Part 34 - With Footnotes

Léon Lemaître, 1850 - 1905, FRENCH
LES HALLES, PARIS
Oil on panel
15.5 by 27cm., 6 by 10¾in.
Private collection

Les Halles was the traditional central market of Paris. In 1183, King Philippe II Auguste enlarged the marketplace in Paris and built a shelter for the merchants, who came from all over to sell their wares. The church of Saint-Eustache was constructed in the 16th century. The circular Halle aux Blés (Corn Exchange), designed by Nicolas Le Camus de Mézières, was built between 1763 and 1769 at the west end of Les Halles. Its circular central court was later covered with a dome, and it was converted into the Bourse de Commerce in 1889. In the 1850s, Victor Baltard designed the famous glass and iron buildings, Les Halles, which would last until the 1970s. Les Halles was known as the "Belly of Paris", as it was called by Émile Zola in his novel Le Ventre de Paris, which is set in the busy marketplace of the 19th century. More on Les Halles

Léon Lemaître, 1850 - 1905, was part of the first generation of painters of the "School of Rouen" who adhered to the esthetic pleinairiste. A student at the Beaux-Arts in Paris between 1873 and 1879, he witnessed the first impressionist exhibition in 1874 and, in Rouen, he became the propagandist of the movement that upset the official art. From his meeting with Charles Angrand, Charles Fréchon and Joseph Delattre is born a group that raises general indignation:  " Like the three Musketeers, the Rouen Impressionists are four; and like the three Musketeers still, they are young, ardent, loving the fight and could not be careful for one moment to give in to the "desire to impress the bourgeois" " (Eugène Brieux).

Lemaitre played the role of an initiator with the small group, persuading them to open all the windows on which they look at nature. From 1890, faced with considerable contempt, Lemaître abandoned the exacting technique of divisionism inherited from Seurat and turned to the realizing views of Rouen. He represented the old monuments, often in gray or rainy weather, enveloped in the mist. More on Léon Lemaître.


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01 Paintings by the Orientalist Artists in the Nineteenth-Century, with footnotes, 13

Sir William Russell Flint, R.A., P.R.W.S., 1880-1969
JASMIN
Watercolour and tempera on paper laid down on panel
33 by 61cm., 13 by 24in.

Sir William Russell Flint (4 April 1880 – 30 December 1969) was a Scottish artist and illustrator who was known especially for his watercolour paintings of women. He also worked in oils, tempera, and printmaking. He was born in Edinburgh then educated at Daniel Stewart's College and Edinburgh Institution. From 1894 to 1900 Flint apprenticed as a lithographic draughtsman while taking classes at the Royal Institute of Art, Edinburgh. From 1900 to 1902 he worked as a medical illustrator in London while studying part-time at Heatherley's Art School. He furthered his art education by studying independently at the British Museum. 

Flint was elected president of Britain’s Royal Society of Painters in Watercolours (now the Royal Watercolour Society) in 1936 to 1956, and knighted in 1947. More on Sir William Russell Flint





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Saturday, October 6, 2018

01 Paintings, The amorous game, Part 21 - With Footnotes

Studio of Frans van Mieris the Elder
The Serenade
Oil on panel
15 x 11 cm.
Private collection

Frans van Mieris the Elder1635 - 1681, belonged to an illustrious family of goldsmiths and painters. After an apprenticeship with his cousin, Van Mieris studied painting with Gerrit Dou, the first and most famous member of the fijnschilders (fine painters) in his native Leiden. Dou called him the "Prince of my Pupils." 


In the style of the fijnschilders--minutely proportioned subjects with bright colors, a shiny finish, and precise attention to detail--Van Mieris painted on wood or copper panels rarely larger than fifteen square inches. He represented common incidents in the lives of the working class as well as the habits and customs of the wealthy. His paintings were highly acclaimed in his lifetime and earned Van Mieris a great deal of money. Unfortunately, he wasted his fortune through alcoholism and poor management of his finances. Although contemporaries recognized Van Mieris as one of the leading Dutch artists of the 1600s, his paintings fell into relative obscurity in the 1700s. More on Frans van Mieris the Elder




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Wednesday, October 3, 2018

01 Paintings by the Orientalist Artists in the Nineteenth-Century, with footnotes, 36

Raphael von Ambros, 1845-1895, AUSTRIAN
THE BAKER'S SHOP, CAIRO, c. 1889
Oil on panel
38.5 by 47cm., 15¼ by 18½in.
Private collection

Von Ambros established his reputation as a masterful observer of scenes of everyday life in Cairo, painted with the greatest attention to verisimilitude and detail.  

Here,  a woman wearing a black niqāb and a lapis lazuli necklace serves refreshments of freshly baked Egyptian flat bread known as aish baladi and bowls of milk or water bread to passers-by. Opening on to the street, her stall offers other local produce, including eggs and vegetables.



Von Ambros settled in Paris where he found a ready market for his Egyptian subjects. Inspired by his first hand observations during his travels, he was aided by sketches and no doubt by photography. More on this painting

Born in Prague, Raphael von Ambros was a pupil of Hans Makart (1840-1884) at the famous Vienna Academy, where he would have studied alongside an extraordinary generation of Orientalist painters such as Jean Discart (French, 1856-1944), Ludwig Deutsch (1855-1935) and Rudolf Ernst (1854-1932). Like his contemporaries, Ambros found the perfect audience for his Cairo street scenes at the Paris Salon, where he exhibited from 1887. More on Raphael von Ambros



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