Saturday, September 18, 2021

01 Painting, The amorous game, Part 78 - With Footnotes

AFTER SIR ANTHONY VAN DYCK, EARLY 17TH CENTURY
The Ages of Man
Oil on canvas
121.8 x 153.5cm (47 15/16 x 60 7/16in)
Private collection

Sir Anthony van Dyck, ( 22 March 1599 – 9 December 1641) was a Flemish Baroque artist who became the leading court painter in England, after enjoying great success in Italy and Flanders. He is most famous for his portraits of Charles I of England and his family and court, painted with a relaxed elegance that was to be the dominant influence on English portrait-painting for the next 150 years. He also painted biblical and mythological subjects, displayed outstanding facility as a draughtsman, and was an important innovator in watercolour and etching. The Van Dyke beard is named after him. More Sir Anthony van Dyck





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Tuesday, June 15, 2021

06 Paintings, Streets of Rome, 18th & 19th Century, by the Artists of the time, with footnotes. 4

Danish School, 19th Century
A view of the Campidoglio, Rome
Oil on canvas
13 ¾ x 17 ¼ in. (35 x 43.8 cm.)
Private Collection

Carl-Friedrich-Heinrich Werner, WEIMAR 1808 - 1894 LEIPZIG, ECOLE ALLEMANDE
CARNAVAL IN ROME, c. 1844 Rome
Watercolor heightened with white gouache on paper
35,5 x 30cm ; 14 by 11 3/4  in.
Private Collection

Hermann Corrodi
A Roman aqueduct on the Appia Antica at sunset
Oil on canvas
34 ¼ x 57 ¾ in. (87 x 146.7 cm.)
Private Collection

The Appian Way was one of the earliest and strategically most important Roman roads of the ancient republic. It connected Rome to Brindisi, in southeast Italy. The road is named after Appius Claudius Caecus, the Roman censor who began and completed the first section as a military road to the south in 312 BC during the Samnite Wars.

The Appian Way was the first long road built specifically to transport troops outside the smaller region of greater Rome (this was essential to the Romans). The few roads outside the early city were Etruscan and went mainly to Etruria. By the late Republic, the Romans had expanded over most of Italy and were masters of road construction. Their roads began at Rome, where the master itinerarium, or list of destinations along the roads, was located, and extended to the borders of their domain — hence the expression, "All roads lead to Rome". More

Colin Campbell Cooper
View of St. Peter's
Oil on canvas
36 x 53in
Private Collection

Franz Kaiserman, YVERDON 1765 - 1833 ROME
THE TEMPLE AND ANTONIN FAUSTINE, c. 1791
Watercolor and pen, a pair 
64 x 100 cm; 25 1/4 by 39 3/8 in
Private Collection

Franz Kaiserman, YVERDON 1765 - 1833 ROME
THE ARC OF CONSTANTINE
Watercolor and pen, a pair 
64 x 100 cm; 25 1/4 by 39 3/8 in
Private Collection

Acknowledgement: Sotheby'sChristie, 


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Monday, January 18, 2021

01 Painting, Streets of Paris, by the artists of their time, Part 74

Georges Stein, French, 1870-1930
Champs Elysees
Oil on panel
4 5/8 x 7 1/2 inches (11.7 x 19 cm)
Private collection

The Avenue des Champs-Élysées is an avenue in the 8th arrondissement of Paris, running between the Place de la Concorde and the Place Charles de Gaulle, where the Arc de Triomphe is located. It is known for its theatres, cafés, and luxury shops, for the annual Bastille Day military parade, and as the finish of the Tour de France cycle race. The name is French for the Elysian Fields, the paradise for dead heroes in Greek mythology. It is one of the most famous streets in the world. More on the Champs-Élysées

Georges Stein was a late 19th and early 20th century French painter, best known for scenes of Parisian street life. Sources conflict about Stein's dates of birth and death. The Benezit Dictionary of Artists gives the year of birth as "c. 1870". The auction house Christie's, among others, gives the dates 1855–1930, and the French National Library the dates 1870–1955. Moreover, the journal L'Éventail of 15 January 1918 mentions "the painter Georges Stein who recently died at Geneva".

There is also some confusion as to the gender of Stein. While the Benezit Dictionary and L'Éventail refer to Stein as male, some gallery websites describe Stein as a female painter. More on Georges Stein





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Sunday, January 3, 2021

01 Painting, Streets of Paris, by the artists of their time, Part 73

Attributed to Alfred Henry Maurer
La Pont De La Concorde and a View of The Palais Bourbon, Circa 1920
Oil on paper laid on board
14 x 21 inches
Private collection

Pont de la Concorde, stone-arch bridge crossing the Seine River in Paris at the Place de la Concorde. The masterpiece of Jean-Rodolphe Perronet, conceived in 1772, the bridge was not begun until 1787 because conservative officials found the design too daring. Perronet personally supervised construction despite his advanced age; he was 82 when the work was completed in 1791. The outbreak of the French Revolution scarcely affected progress; Perronet used the demolished Bastille as a source for masonry. The name of the bridge has been changed from Louis XV to Révolution to Concorde. More on Pont de la Concorde

Alfred Henry Maurer (April 21, 1868 – August 4, 1932) was born in New York City April 21, 1868. He was the son of German-born Louis Maurer, a lithographer with a pronounced disdain for modern art. At age sixteen, Maurer had to quit school to work at his father's lithographic firm. In 1897, after studying with the sculptor John Quincy Adams Ward and painter William Merritt Chase, Maurer left for Paris, where he stayed the next four years, joining a circle of American and French artists. Finding the instruction at the Academie Julian too limited, he spent most of his time copying in the Louvre.

Maurer  was a modernist painter. He exhibited his work in avant-garde circles internationally and in New York City during the early twentieth century. Highly respected today, his work met with little critical or commercial success in his lifetime, and he died, a suicide, at the age of sixty-four. More on Alfred Henry Maurer





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Wednesday, December 30, 2020

01 Painting, The amorous game, Part 60 - With Footnotes

Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, (1864-1901)
Au lit: Le baiser, c. 1892
Oil on board
17⅞ x 23 in (45.5 x 58.5 cm).
Private collection

Henri Marie Raymond de Toulouse-Lautrec-Monfa (24 November 1864 – 9 September 1901), also known as Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec was a French painter, printmaker, draughtsman and illustrator whose immersion in the colourful and theatrical life of Paris in the late 19th century allowed him to produce a collection of enticing, elegant and provocative images of the modern, sometimes decadent, life of those times. Toulouse-Lautrec is among the best-known painters of the Post-Impressionist period, alongside Cézanne, Van Gogh and Gauguin. In a 2005 auction at Christie's auction house, La Blanchisseuse, his early painting of a young laundress, sold for US$22.4 million and set a new record for the artist for a price at auction. More on Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec



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Thursday, October 8, 2020

01 Painting, The amorous game, Part 59 - With Footnotes

Gustav Klimt (1862-1918)
The Kiss, c. 1907-08
Oil on canvas
180 x 180 cm
Osterreichische Galerie Belvedere, Vienna, Austria

Gustav Klimt (July 14, 1862 – February 6, 1918) was an Austrian symbolist painter and one of the most prominent members of the Vienna Secession movement. Klimt is noted for his paintings, murals, sketches, and other objets d'art. Klimt's primary subject was the female body, and his works are marked by a frank eroticism. In addition to his figurative works, which include allegories and portraits, he painted landscapes. Among the artists of the Vienna Secession, Klimt was the most influenced by Japanese art and its methods.
Early in his artistic career, he was a successful painter of architectural decorations in a conventional manner. As he developed a more personal style, his work was the subject of controversy that culminated when the paintings he completed around 1900 for the ceiling of the Great Hall of the University of Vienna were criticized as pornographic. He subsequently accepted no more public commissions, but achieved a new success with the paintings of his "golden phase," many of which include gold leaf. More Gustav Klimt

After the death of Klimt, the writer and art critic Berta Tsukerkandl wrote in the Vienna newspaper Wiener Zeitung: "One of the greatest died. A simple hero. Quiet , tenacious fighter. Invincible. Winner. [...] The death of Klimt permeates our souls as something incomprehensible , as the desecration of wonderful gift , prepodnesonnogo humanity. "  The Leopold Museum




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Thursday, September 10, 2020

01 Painting, The amorous game, Part 58 - With Footnotes

Lawrence Alma Tadema
A Foregone Conclusion, c. 1885
Oil paint on wood
42⅓ x 20½ in (62 x 52.5 cm)
Tate

Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema, OM, RA (8 January 1836 – 25 June 1912) was a Dutch painter of special British denizenship.

 

Born in Dronrijp, the Netherlands, and trained at the Royal Academy of Antwerp, Belgium, he settled in England in 1870 and spent the rest of his life there. A classical-subject painter, he became famous for his depictions of the luxury and decadence of the Roman Empire, with languorous figures set in fabulous marbled interiors or against a backdrop of dazzling blue Mediterranean Sea and sky.

 

Though admired during his lifetime for his draftsmanship and depictions of Classical antiquity, his work fell into disrepute after his death, and only since the 1960s has it been re-evaluated for its importance within nineteenth-century English art. More on Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema




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Friday, August 21, 2020

01 Painting, The amorous game, Part 61 - With Footnotes

Francesco Hayez, (1791–1882)
The Kiss, c. 1859
Oil on canvas
Height: 110 cm (43.3″); Width: 88 cm (34.6″)
Pinacoteca di Brera, Milan, Italy

Francesco Hayez (10 February 1791 – 21 December 1882) was an Italian painter, the leading artist of Romanticism in mid-19th-century Milan, renowned for his grand historical paintings, political allegories and exceptionally fine portraits.

Hayez came from a relatively poor family from Venice. He was brought up by his mother's sister, who had married a well-off shipowner and collector of art. From childhood he showed a predisposition for drawing, so his uncle apprenticed him to an art restorer. Later he became a student of the painter Francesco Maggiotto with whom he continued his studies for three years. He was admitted to the painting course of the New Academy of Fine Arts in 1806. In 1809 he won a competition from the Academy of Venice for one year of study at the Accademia di San Luca in Rome. He remained in Rome until 1814, then moved to Naples where he was commissioned by Joachim Murat to paint a major work depicting Ulysses at the court of Alcinous. In the mid-1830s he attended the "Salotto Maffei" salon in Milan.

Francesco Hayez lived long and was prolific. His output spanned both historic paintings, and Neoclassic style grand themes, either from biblical or classical literature. He also painted scenes from theatrical presentations of his day.  More Francesco Hayez





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Friday, August 7, 2020

01 Painting, Streets of Paris, by the artists of their time, Part 72

Ulpiano Checa, (1860–1916)
Día de lluvia en Paris/ Rainy day in Paris
Oil on canvas
Height: 66 cm (25.9″); Width: 80 cm (31.4″)
Museo Ulpiano Checa 

Ulpiano Fernández-Checa y Saiz (April 3, 1860 – January 5, 1916), known as Ulpiano Checa, was a Spanish painter, sculptor, poster designer and illustrator. He used both impressionistic and academic techniques, and mainly painted historical subjects.
He was born in Colmenar de Oreja, Spain, and exhibited a talent for art when he was a young child. At thirteen, he met Don José Ballesterwho was impressed with his work and decided to bring Checa and his family to the capital to begin his art studies.
In 1873, he entered the Escuela de Bellas Artes de San Fernando in Madrid, followed by study at the Spanish Academy of Fine Arts in Rome [es], where he would paint Invasion of the Barbarians (since lost in a fire) which won the gold medal at the National Exhibition of Fine Arts in 1887. More on Ulpiano Fernández-Checa y Saiz



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Saturday, July 18, 2020

01 Painting, Streets of Paris, by the artists of their time, Part 71

Jean Dufy, (1888-1964)
La danse (Au Cirque Médrano/ Circus Medrano), c. 1930
Oil on canvas
18 1/8 x 15 in. (46 x 38 cm.)
Private collection

The Cirque Medrano is a French circus that was located at the edge of Montmartre,  in what was then the edge of the City of Paris, under the name "Cirque Fernando". The title "Cirque Medrano" is still active today: it is now a successful French traveling circus. 

The Parisian circus was created by a Belgian circus entrepreneur, Ferdinand Beert (1835-1902), and was built at the corner of the Boulevard de Rochechouart and the Rue des Martyrs, in what was then the edge of the City of Paris, under the name "Cirque Fernando." The area was a working-class neighborhood at the foot of the hill of Montmartre, famous for its many places of popular entertainment, among which the Moulin de la Galette and the famous Bal du Moulin Rouge — and in the vicinity of the Bateau-Lavoir in Montmartre, where many young painters lived. More on The Cirque Medrano

Jean Dufy (b Le Havre, France, 1888; d La Boissière, 1964) French Painter. Following his service in the military, from 1910-1912, Jean Dufy relocated to Paris. Inspired by the work of Braque and Picasso, Dufy created watercolors that expressed a heightened understanding of color and light. In the mid-1920s, Jean Dufy became captivated by the music of the time, such as Darius Millaud and Francis Poulenc, and incorporated this interest into his artwork. While depicting orchestral and musical subjects, Dufy later became enchanted by the coast of Northern France and began to create majestic and effecting landscapes. Throughout the 1950s Dufy explored Western Europe and North America, but inevitably returned to his watercolors and oils of Paris. Just two months after the death of his wife, Ismérie, Jean Dufy died in 1964 in La BoissiereMore Jean Dufy






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Saturday, June 20, 2020

01 Painting, Streets of Paris, Part 70 - With Footnotes

Henry MALFROY, 1895-1944
Paris, l'Arc de Triomphe
Huile sur papier
27 x 35 cm.
Private collection

Honoring those who fought and died for France during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, the Arc de Triomphe de l'Étoile stands at the center of the present work by Jean Béraud, the master of Belle Époque Parisian painting. Béraud presents the prototypical view of the Champs-Élysées: fashionably dressed figures stroll under the trees and others ride in carriages down the busy avenue. Many have commented on Beraud's realistic portrayal of everyday life at the fin-de-siecle and this attention to detail extends to his meticulous depiction of a plaster sculpture that surmounted the Arc itself at the time-Alexandre Falguière's The Triumph of the Revolution. As one of the finest sculptors to practice during the Second Empire, Falguière conceived his monumental plaster sculpture as an elaborate quadriga preparing to "crush Anarchy and Despotism", a worthy commentary on the political vagaries that had beset France in the past. The plaster group was in place from 1882 until it crumbled in 1886. Unfortunately, no version in bronze was commissioned; there is only a maquette of the sculpture in the collection of the Musée d'Orsay, and, of course, images such as Béraud's Arc de Triomphe. More on this painting

Henry Malfroy, ( b. January 15, 1895, in Martinique; died in 1944), was born in Martigues (Mouth of the Rhone) on the 15th January 1895. 

He was most likely the son of Charles Malfroy, with whom he is often confused. He was an impressionist painter, specialising in topographical subjects including the town of Cassis, the Mouth of the Rhone, the Var and in particular street scenes of Paris. 

He regularly exhibited at the Salons des Artistes Francais et des Independants. More on Henry Malfroy




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Tuesday, June 9, 2020

01 Painting, The amorous game, Part 54 - With Footnotes

Jan Lievens, Leiden 1607 - 1674 Amsterdam
WOMAN EMBRACED BY A MAN, MODELLED BY THE YOUNG REMBRANDT
Oil on canvas
38¼ by 33⅛ in.; 97 by 84 cm.
Private collection

Jan Lievens (24 October 1607 – 4 June 1674) was a Dutch painter, usually associated with Rembrandt, working in a similar style. According to Arnold Houbraken, Jan was the son of a tapestry worker, and was trained by Joris Verschoten. He was sent to Pieter Lastman in Amsterdam at about the age of 10 for two full years. After that he began his career as an independent artist, at about the age of 12 in Leiden. He became something of a celebrity because of his talent at such a young age. This attracted the attention of Maurice of Nassau, Prince of Orange, around 1620, who bought a life-size painting of a young man reading by the light of a turf-fire. He gave this painting in turn to the English Ambassador, who presented it to James I. This was the reason why, when Lievens was 31, he was invited to the British court. When he returned from England he settled in Antwerp, where he married Suzanna Colyn de Nole, the daughter of the sculptor Michiel Colyns. In this period he won many commissions from royalty, mayors, and city halls.

Lievens collaborated and shared a studio with Rembrandt van Rijn from about 1626 to 1631. Their competitive collaboration, represented in some two dozen paintings, drawings and etchings, was intimate enough to cause difficulties in the attribution of works from this period. Lievens showed talent for painting in a life-size scale, and his dramatic compositions suggest the influence of the Caravaggisti. Lievens was more inventive, yet less expressive than Rembrandt. The two men split in 1631, when Rembrandt moved to Amsterdam and Lievens to England. In 1656 Rembrandt still owned paintings by his former friend.



During his time in England Lievens painted a portrait for Thomas Howard, 21st Earl of Arundel, and became influenced by the works of Anthony van Dyck. Lievens worked in Antwerp, and cooperated with Adriaen Brouwer. After being a court painter in The Hague and Berlin, he returned to Amsterdam in 1655. After his first wife died he married a sister of Jan de Bray in 1648. After 1672, the Rampjaar Lievens had increasing financial difficulties and his family voided all claims of inheritance on his death due to his debts. More on Jan Lievens




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