Tuesday, September 18, 2018

04 Paintings, MODERN & CONTEMPORARY MIDDLE EASTERN ART, With Footnotes - 8

Manal Deeb
Cordoba
Acrylic painting on canvas
24" X 30"

Manal Deeb
Thoughtful
Acrylic painting on canvas
24" X 30"

Manal Deeb
Spirit
Acrylic painting on canvas
18" X 24"

Manal Deeb
Ancestors
16" x 24"

Manal Deeb is a Palestinian-American artist who was born in Ramallah, Palestine, and currently resides in the Washington DC area, USA. 

Manal studied Studio Arts at the University of Illinois in Chicago, and got her Bachelor Degree in Interdisciplinary Studies with concentration in Psychology of Art from George Mason University in Virginia.  She is a resident artist at the Workhouse Arts Center in Lorton, VA USA.

Manal has had solo and group exhibits in cities across the United States. Her work has also been exhibited internationally in Paris, Rome, and Cairo; London and Brighton, England; Delhi, India; Doha, Qatar; Amman, Jordan; Islamabad, Pakistan; and Malaga, Spain.

Her mission and main subjects are: humanity, Palestine, the Palestinian people, global cultures, creating bridges between religions, Arab women, and identity. More on Manal Deeb





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01 Paintings, PORTRAIT OF A LADY, of the 18th & 19th C., with Footnotes. #35

Wladislaw Czachorski, 1850-1911, POLISH
THE BOUQUET, c. 1903
Oil on canvas
36.5 by 24cm., 14½ by 9½in.
Private collection

Władysław Czachórski (22 September 1850 in Lublin – 13 January 1911 in Munich) was a Polish painter in the Academic style.

In 1866 Czachorski attended the School of Fine Arts in Warsaw. He then spent one year at the Dresden Academy, and from there went to the Munich Academy (1869–1873). He received Magna Cum Laude (the Grand Silver Medal) from Munich, and proceeded to travel to France, Italy and Poland after his graduation. He held membership of the Berlin Academy and was also organizer and judge of international exhibitions, even though he had his home in Munich. He was awarded the Order of St. Michael in 1893. In addition, he had many art exhibitions in Poland, taking place in Kraków, Warsaw and Łódź. He also exhibited in Lemberg, the capital of Austrian Galicia. After his death in 1911, a posthumous exhibition was held at the Warsaw "Zachęta" Society of Fine Arts. More on Władysław Czachórski




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Friday, September 14, 2018

02 Paintings, PORTRAIT OF A LADY, of the 18th & 19th C., with Footnotes. #32

Ilir Pojani, United States
After "Portrait of Anne of Austria" by Rubens (below), c. 2018
Oil on canvas
 24 H x 18 W x 0.8 in

Anna of Austria (2 November 1549 – 26 October 1580) was Queen of Spain by marriage to her uncle, King Philip II of Spain. She was the eldest daughter of Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian II, and Maria of Spain. .

As the eldest daughter of the Holy Roman Emperor, Anna was a desirable candidate for marriage at the European courts. Her parents thought of a Spanish marriage to strengthen links between the Austrian and Spanish Habsburg families.

Plans for a Spanish marriage were revived when Philip's third wife, Elisabeth, died in childbirth in 1568. As a result, Philip was left a widower with two young daughters

Philip was a conscientious monarch and maintained his relationship with Anna twice a week in the form of notes, as well as visiting his niece's bedchamber up to three times a day. It was Philip's fourth marriage, but the king still had no male heir. Anna completed her duties flawlessly in that regard. Not only was she a good stepmother to Philip's daughters Isabella Clara Eugenia and Catherine Michelle,[3] but she also gave birth to five children, including four sons, of which the eldest three died before Philip, and the youngest succeeded as Philip III. More on Anne of Austria

Ilir Pojani is a contemporary artist living in Fairfax, Virginia. His work can be found in numerous private, public and corporate collections both in the United States and abroad, and has been seen in many exhibitions worldwide.

Painting has always been an essential part of his life. Pojani began to draw and paint as a little child, and never had any doubts about becoming an artist.


His art is characterized by a contemporary figurative style, ranging from representational to a semi-representational form, with elements of abstraction and ambiguous narrative, leaving the subject recognizable. More on Ilir Pojani 


Peter Paul Rubens,  (1577–1640)
Portrait of Anne of Austria (1601-1666), Queen of France, c. 1620-1625.
Oil on panel
Height: 105 cm (1.1 yd); Width: 93 cm (1 yd)
Louvre Museum

Sir Peter Paul Rubens (28 June 1577 – 30 May 1640) was a Flemish Baroque painter. A proponent of an extravagant Baroque style that emphasized movement, colour, and sensuality, Rubens is well known for his Counter-Reformation altarpieces, portraits, landscapes, and history paintings of mythological and allegorical subjects.

In addition to running a large studio in Antwerp that produced paintings popular with nobility and art collectors throughout Europe, Rubens was a classically educated humanist scholar and diplomat who was knighted by both Philip IV of Spain and Charles I of England.  More Sir Peter Paul Rubens



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01 Painting by the Orientalist Artists of the Nineteenth-Century, with footnotes, 35

Edmund Aubrey Hunt, 1855 - 1922, AMERICAN
ARAB FANTASIA
Oil on canvas laid on panel 
37.5 by 54.5cm., 14¾ by 21½in.
Private collection

Fantasia is a traditional exhibition of horsemanship in the Maghreb performed during cultural festivals and to close Maghrebi wedding celebrations. "Fantasia" is an imported name, the actual traditional term used is lab el baroud.

The performance consists of a group of horse riders, all wearing traditional clothes, who charge along a straight path at the same speed so as to form a line, and then at the end of the charge (about two hundred meters) fire into the sky using old muskets or muzzle-loading rifles The difficulty of the performance is in synchronizing the movement of the horses during acceleration of the charge, and especially in firing the guns simultaneously so that one single shot is heard. The horse is referred to as a fantasia horse and are of Arabian, Andalusian or Barb stock. More on Fantasia 


Edmund Aubrey Hunt, 1855-1922, was an active exhibitor. He was elected a member of the Society of British Artists in 1884, a society of which JW was President between 1886 and 1888.

JW greatly admired Hunt's work. In 1881 he wrote to Charles Deschamps: 'Now about Aubrey Hunt - I want Sir Coutts very much to see his picture - I am sure that it will be charming and really most important in the Grosvenor - His work is most brilliant and full of delightful quality - far more artistically rare than all the Ellis and Easts and Wyllies... put together'. Hunt was amongst those invited to a dinner organised by W. C. Symons to congratulate JW on becoming an Honorary Member of the Royal Academy of Munich, a dinner which was to be held at the Criterion in Piccadilly on 1 May 1889. More on Edmund Aubrey Hunt









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Thursday, September 13, 2018

01 Painting by the Orientalist Artists of the Nineteenth-Century, with footnotes, 34

Henri Rousseau, 1875-1933, FRENCH
THE GAZELLE HUNT
Oil on canvas
54.5 by 73cm., 21 by 28in.
Private collection

Henri Rousseau Henry, Emilien Rousseau (Cairo 1875 - Aix-en-Provence in 1933) was an Orientalist painter. A pupil of Jean-Léon Gérôme at the Beaux Arts in Paris, he won the second Grand Prix de Rome in 1900 and a travel grant at the Salon of French Artists. He traveled to Belgium, the Netherlands, North Africa, Spain and Italy where he admired the great masters (Rubens, Rembrandt, Velasquez, Murillo, the Titian, Raphael etc ...)


After this initiatory journey, he settled in Versailles and set up his studio at the Villa des Arts in Paris. In 1919 he moved to Aix in Provence with his large family (seven children). Knight of the Legion of Honour in arts. His work  is dedicated to Tunisia, Algeria and especially Morocco, Provence and the Camargue remained its anchor points. His success was with a bourgeois and wealthy clientele, where he sold his work at numerous exhibitions in Paris, Brussels, Stockholm, Marseilles. More Henri Rousseau



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Tuesday, September 11, 2018

01 Paintings by the Orientalist Artists in the Nineteenth-Century, with footnotes, 33

Alberto Pasini, 1826 - 1899, ITALIAN
MARKET IN CONSTANTINOPLE
Oil on canvas
38.5 by 46cm., 15¼ by 18¼in.
Private collection


It is common to think that the western terminus of the Silk Road was Rome in Italy. However, whilst Rome was indeed an important destination for Chinese silk during the first two or three centuries of the Silk Road (perhaps until 200 AD), from the 4th century onwards, the “Rome” to which all roads led in the Mediterranean world was “Eastern Rome” or Constantinople. Even in its long centuries of decline down to its conquest by the Ottoman Turks in 1453, the wealth of Constantinople was legendary, and its location ensured it a very important role in the trade with the East. Renamed Istanbul under the Turks, the city again became the capital of a great empire and played a central role in east-west cultural and economic exchange. More on the MARKET IN CONSTANTINOPLE

Alberto Pasini (Busseto, 3 September 1826 – Cavoretto, 15 December 1899) was an Italian painter. He was enrolled at the age of 17 years, in the Academy of Fine Art of Parma, studying landscape painting and drawing. In Parma, he was helped early on by Antonio Pasini, who painted for the local nobility and collaborated with the publishing house established by Giovanni Battista Bodoni. By 1852, he exhibited a series of thirty designs, made into lithographs, depicting various castles around Piacenza, Lunigiana and Parma. He was noticed by the artist Paolo Toschi, who encouraged Pasini to travel to Paris, where Pasini first joined the workshop of Charles and Eugène Ciceri, of the so-called School of Barbizon.

In 1853 his lithograph of The Evening gained him admittance to the Paris Salon, and to the workshop of the famous Théodore Chassériau. The eruption of the Crimean War offered a new opportunity, when in February 1855, this latter painter recommended Pasini to replace him on the entourage of the French plenipotentiary minister Nicolas Prosper Bourée to Persia. Pasini accompanied him, returning through the north of Persia and Armenia before reaching the port of Trebizond. In subsequent trips, he visited Egypt, the Red Sea, Arabia, Istanbul, and Persia. Pasini parlayed his exposures during this trip into numerous highly detailed paintings of orientalist subjects. He left again for Istanbul in October 1867, summoned by the French Ambassador Bourée. He returned to Turkey in 1876 to execute the four paintings commissioned by Sultan Abdul Aziz. He was about to return to Istanbul the next year, when his patron, the Sultan, died.


In 1865, he spent some time in Cannes, painted landscapes of the Riviera. During the Franco-Prussian War of 1870, he returned to Italy, settling in Cavoretto, on the hills around Turin. He continued to travel, closer to his home, with trips to Venice and two sojourns in Spain in 1879 and 1883. More Alberto Pasini 




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Saturday, September 8, 2018

01 Painting, Streets of Paris, by the artists of the time, Part 33 - With Footnotes

Ernst Josephson, 1851 - 1906, SWEDISH
14 JUILLET, c. 1883
Oil on canvas
90 by 119cm., 35½ by 47in.
Private collection

Bastille Day is the common name given in English-speaking countries/lands to the French National Day, which is celebrated on the 14th of July each year. In France, it is formally called la Fête nationale and commonly and legally le 14 Juillet.


The French National Day commemorates the first anniversary of Storming of the Bastille on 14 July 1789, a turning point of the French Revolution, as well as the Fête de la Fédération which celebrated the unity of the French people on 14 July 1790. Celebrations are held throughout France. The oldest and largest regular military parade in Europe is held on the morning of 14 July, on the Champs-Élysées in Paris in front of the President of the Republic, along with other French officials and foreign guests. More on Bastille Day

Ernst Josephson (16 April 1851, Stockholm, Sweden – 22 November 1906) was a Swedish painter whose main work was done on portraits and paintings of folk life.

He did his art studies in Italy, France and the Netherlands, among others, and is reputed to have said at the age of 20: "I will become Sweden's Rembrandt or die."

However, his life was marred by illness. He contracted syphilis at a relatively young age, and in 1888 he became mentally ill during a visit to Brittany, having religious hallucinations and believing that he was God and Christ.

He was later taken to hospital in Uppsala and diagnosed with schizophrenia, but continued working throughout his disease, often while in a trance-like state.

He also wrote poetry, in the collections Svarta rosor (1888, Black Roses) and Gula rosor (1896, Yellow Roses). His main work, Näcken (1884, the Nix), was refused by the Swedish National Museum in Stockholm – however, Prince Eugén, Duke of Närke, bought the painting in fury over the decision.

Josephson's painting "Strömkarlen" shows the strong influence he has had on the current crop of Scandinavian figurative painters, most notably the Norwegian Odd Nerdrum. More on Ernst Josephson




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01 Paintings by the Orientalist Artists in the Nineteenth-Century, with footnotes, 32

Victor Huguet, 1835 - 1902, FRENCH
Riders in a Ravine 
Oil on canvas
118 by 100cm., 46½ by 39¼in.
Private collection

Victor Pierre Huguet , born Lude the 1 st May 1835 and died in Paris August 16, 1902, was a French, landscape and genre painter.. He was a pupil of Emile Loubon in Marseille and received advice from Fromentin in Paris.

In 1852, aged 17, he traveled to Egypt, then to Crimea where he accompanied Durand-Brager before the siege of Sebastopol. He was profoundly influenced by the landscapes he passes through and that will influence his inspiration to Orientalism, where he soon made a name. Discovering Algeria a few years later, he drew from many sources of inspiration.

He exhibited at the Salons de Marseille and Paris in 1859 and the Salon of French Orientalist Painters at its inception in 1893. He was the leading Orientalist artists of Provence. More Victor Pierre Huguet





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Tuesday, September 4, 2018

01 Paintings by the Orientalist Artists in the Nineteenth-Century, with footnotes, 30

Gyula Tornai (Hungarian, 1861-1928)
The new necklace 
Oil on canvas
53 3/4 x 83 3/4in (136.5 x 213cm)
Private collection

It is typically characteristic of Tornai to depict a crowded, richly furnished interior. The sensually stretched out woman, and several types of human characters are also typical of a Tornai composition. More on this painting

Harem a sacred inviolable place; for female members of the family. Harem properly refers to domestic spaces that are reserved for the women of the house in a Muslim family and are inaccessible to adult males except for close relations. Similar institutions have been common in other Mediterranean and Middle Eastern civilizations, especially among royal and upper-class families and the term is sometimes used in non-Islamic contexts. The structure of the harem and the extent of monogamy or polygamy has varied depending on the family's personalities, socio-economic status, and local customs. A harem may house a man's wife—or wives and concubines, as in royal harems of the past.


In the West, Orientalist imaginary conceptions of the harem as a fantasy world of forbidden sexuality where numerous women lounged in suggestive poses have influenced many paintings, stage productions, films and literary works. Several European Renaissance paintings dating to the 16th century defy Orientalist tropes and portray the women of the Ottoman harem as individuals of status and political significance. In many periods of Islamic history women in the harem exercised various degrees of political power. More on the Harem

Gyula Tornai (1861 in Görgő – 1928 in Budapest) was a Hungarian painter, now featured in the Hungarian National Gallery.

Gyula Tornai was a great Hungarian orientalist painter. Tornai studied painting at three different academies: Vienna, Munich, and Budapest. He then traveled to India, China, and Japan before settling in Morocco. He stayed in Tangier between 1890-1891. He participated in the Exposition Universelle in Paris in 1900, where he received a bronze medal. He died in Budapest in 1928. More on Gyula Tornai



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Monday, August 27, 2018

01 Paintings by the Orientalist Artists in the Nineteenth-Century, with footnotes, 29

Ferencz Eisenhut, 1857 - 1903, HUNGARIAN
IN THE HAREM, c. 1889
Oil on panel
49 by 32.5cm., 19 by 12¾in.
Private collection


Harem a sacred inviolable place; for female members of the family. Harem properly refers to domestic spaces that are reserved for the women of the house in a Muslim family and are inaccessible to adult males except for close relations. Similar institutions have been common in other Mediterranean and Middle Eastern civilizations, especially among royal and upper-class families and the term is sometimes used in non-Islamic contexts. The structure of the harem and the extent of monogamy or polygamy has varied depending on the family's personalities, socio-economic status, and local customs. A harem may house a man's wife—or wives and concubines, as in royal harems of the past.

In the West, Orientalist imaginary conceptions of the harem as a fantasy world of forbidden sexuality where numerous women lounged in suggestive poses have influenced many paintings, stage productions, films and literary works. Several European Renaissance paintings dating to the 16th century defy Orientalist tropes and portray the women of the Ottoman harem as individuals of status and political significance. In many periods of Islamic history women in the harem exercised various degrees of political power. More on the Harem

Franz Eisenhut (25 January 1857 2 June 1903) was a prominent Danube Swabian Realist and Orientalist painter. He is considered one of Austria-Hungary's greatest academic painters in the second half of the 19th century. His works can be found in many European museums across the continent.

Franz Eisenhut was born in Nova Palanka, Voivodeship of Serbia and Banat of Temeschwar, Austrian Empire. His father had hoped for Franz to become a merchant, but the Hungarian painter He studied at Hungarian Royal Drawing School in Budapest from 1875 until 1877. Afterwards, he became a student of the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in Munich. He studied there until 1883.

After finishing the Academy, he went on a trip to the Orient for the first time, visiting the Caucasus. The next year, he held his first exhibition in Budapest. The Orient became his main source of inspiration and Orientalist paintings will become his most famous works. His first great success was the 1886 painting "Healing through the Koran in Beirut".

Franz Eisenhut's most famous work is the painting "Battle of Zenta", made in 1896 for the Hungarian Millennium Exhibition, celebrating 1000 years since the Hungarian settlement in the Great Hungarian Plain. More on Franz Eisenhut




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