Thursday, October 8, 2020

01 Painting, The amorous game, Part 59 - With Footnotes

Gustav Klimt (1862-1918)
The Kiss, c. 1907-08
Oil on canvas
180 x 180 cm
Osterreichische Galerie Belvedere, Vienna, Austria

Gustav Klimt (July 14, 1862 – February 6, 1918) was an Austrian symbolist painter and one of the most prominent members of the Vienna Secession movement. Klimt is noted for his paintings, murals, sketches, and other objets d'art. Klimt's primary subject was the female body, and his works are marked by a frank eroticism. In addition to his figurative works, which include allegories and portraits, he painted landscapes. Among the artists of the Vienna Secession, Klimt was the most influenced by Japanese art and its methods.
Early in his artistic career, he was a successful painter of architectural decorations in a conventional manner. As he developed a more personal style, his work was the subject of controversy that culminated when the paintings he completed around 1900 for the ceiling of the Great Hall of the University of Vienna were criticized as pornographic. He subsequently accepted no more public commissions, but achieved a new success with the paintings of his "golden phase," many of which include gold leaf. More Gustav Klimt

After the death of Klimt, the writer and art critic Berta Tsukerkandl wrote in the Vienna newspaper Wiener Zeitung: "One of the greatest died. A simple hero. Quiet , tenacious fighter. Invincible. Winner. [...] The death of Klimt permeates our souls as something incomprehensible , as the desecration of wonderful gift , prepodnesonnogo humanity. "  The Leopold Museum




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Thursday, September 10, 2020

01 Painting, The amorous game, Part 58 - With Footnotes

Lawrence Alma Tadema
A Foregone Conclusion, c. 1885
Oil paint on wood
42⅓ x 20½ in (62 x 52.5 cm)
Tate

Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema, OM, RA (8 January 1836 – 25 June 1912) was a Dutch painter of special British denizenship.

 

Born in Dronrijp, the Netherlands, and trained at the Royal Academy of Antwerp, Belgium, he settled in England in 1870 and spent the rest of his life there. A classical-subject painter, he became famous for his depictions of the luxury and decadence of the Roman Empire, with languorous figures set in fabulous marbled interiors or against a backdrop of dazzling blue Mediterranean Sea and sky.

 

Though admired during his lifetime for his draftsmanship and depictions of Classical antiquity, his work fell into disrepute after his death, and only since the 1960s has it been re-evaluated for its importance within nineteenth-century English art. More on Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema




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Friday, August 21, 2020

01 Painting, The amorous game, Part 61 - With Footnotes

Francesco Hayez, (1791–1882)
The Kiss, c. 1859
Oil on canvas
Height: 110 cm (43.3″); Width: 88 cm (34.6″)
Pinacoteca di Brera, Milan, Italy

Francesco Hayez (10 February 1791 – 21 December 1882) was an Italian painter, the leading artist of Romanticism in mid-19th-century Milan, renowned for his grand historical paintings, political allegories and exceptionally fine portraits.

Hayez came from a relatively poor family from Venice. He was brought up by his mother's sister, who had married a well-off shipowner and collector of art. From childhood he showed a predisposition for drawing, so his uncle apprenticed him to an art restorer. Later he became a student of the painter Francesco Maggiotto with whom he continued his studies for three years. He was admitted to the painting course of the New Academy of Fine Arts in 1806. In 1809 he won a competition from the Academy of Venice for one year of study at the Accademia di San Luca in Rome. He remained in Rome until 1814, then moved to Naples where he was commissioned by Joachim Murat to paint a major work depicting Ulysses at the court of Alcinous. In the mid-1830s he attended the "Salotto Maffei" salon in Milan.

Francesco Hayez lived long and was prolific. His output spanned both historic paintings, and Neoclassic style grand themes, either from biblical or classical literature. He also painted scenes from theatrical presentations of his day.  More Francesco Hayez





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Friday, August 7, 2020

01 Painting, Streets of Paris, by the artists of their time, Part 72

Ulpiano Checa, (1860–1916)
Día de lluvia en Paris/ Rainy day in Paris
Oil on canvas
Height: 66 cm (25.9″); Width: 80 cm (31.4″)
Museo Ulpiano Checa 

Ulpiano Fernández-Checa y Saiz (April 3, 1860 – January 5, 1916), known as Ulpiano Checa, was a Spanish painter, sculptor, poster designer and illustrator. He used both impressionistic and academic techniques, and mainly painted historical subjects.
He was born in Colmenar de Oreja, Spain, and exhibited a talent for art when he was a young child. At thirteen, he met Don José Ballesterwho was impressed with his work and decided to bring Checa and his family to the capital to begin his art studies.
In 1873, he entered the Escuela de Bellas Artes de San Fernando in Madrid, followed by study at the Spanish Academy of Fine Arts in Rome [es], where he would paint Invasion of the Barbarians (since lost in a fire) which won the gold medal at the National Exhibition of Fine Arts in 1887. More on Ulpiano Fernández-Checa y Saiz



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Saturday, July 18, 2020

01 Painting, Streets of Paris, by the artists of their time, Part 71

Jean Dufy, (1888-1964)
La danse (Au Cirque Médrano/ Circus Medrano), c. 1930
Oil on canvas
18 1/8 x 15 in. (46 x 38 cm.)
Private collection

The Cirque Medrano is a French circus that was located at the edge of Montmartre,  in what was then the edge of the City of Paris, under the name "Cirque Fernando". The title "Cirque Medrano" is still active today: it is now a successful French traveling circus. 

The Parisian circus was created by a Belgian circus entrepreneur, Ferdinand Beert (1835-1902), and was built at the corner of the Boulevard de Rochechouart and the Rue des Martyrs, in what was then the edge of the City of Paris, under the name "Cirque Fernando." The area was a working-class neighborhood at the foot of the hill of Montmartre, famous for its many places of popular entertainment, among which the Moulin de la Galette and the famous Bal du Moulin Rouge — and in the vicinity of the Bateau-Lavoir in Montmartre, where many young painters lived. More on The Cirque Medrano

Jean Dufy (b Le Havre, France, 1888; d La Boissière, 1964) French Painter. Following his service in the military, from 1910-1912, Jean Dufy relocated to Paris. Inspired by the work of Braque and Picasso, Dufy created watercolors that expressed a heightened understanding of color and light. In the mid-1920s, Jean Dufy became captivated by the music of the time, such as Darius Millaud and Francis Poulenc, and incorporated this interest into his artwork. While depicting orchestral and musical subjects, Dufy later became enchanted by the coast of Northern France and began to create majestic and effecting landscapes. Throughout the 1950s Dufy explored Western Europe and North America, but inevitably returned to his watercolors and oils of Paris. Just two months after the death of his wife, Ismérie, Jean Dufy died in 1964 in La BoissiereMore Jean Dufy






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Saturday, June 20, 2020

01 Painting, Streets of Paris, Part 70 - With Footnotes

Henry MALFROY, 1895-1944
Paris, l'Arc de Triomphe
Huile sur papier
27 x 35 cm.
Private collection

Honoring those who fought and died for France during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, the Arc de Triomphe de l'Étoile stands at the center of the present work by Jean Béraud, the master of Belle Époque Parisian painting. Béraud presents the prototypical view of the Champs-Élysées: fashionably dressed figures stroll under the trees and others ride in carriages down the busy avenue. Many have commented on Beraud's realistic portrayal of everyday life at the fin-de-siecle and this attention to detail extends to his meticulous depiction of a plaster sculpture that surmounted the Arc itself at the time-Alexandre Falguière's The Triumph of the Revolution. As one of the finest sculptors to practice during the Second Empire, Falguière conceived his monumental plaster sculpture as an elaborate quadriga preparing to "crush Anarchy and Despotism", a worthy commentary on the political vagaries that had beset France in the past. The plaster group was in place from 1882 until it crumbled in 1886. Unfortunately, no version in bronze was commissioned; there is only a maquette of the sculpture in the collection of the Musée d'Orsay, and, of course, images such as Béraud's Arc de Triomphe. More on this painting

Henry Malfroy, ( b. January 15, 1895, in Martinique; died in 1944), was born in Martigues (Mouth of the Rhone) on the 15th January 1895. 

He was most likely the son of Charles Malfroy, with whom he is often confused. He was an impressionist painter, specialising in topographical subjects including the town of Cassis, the Mouth of the Rhone, the Var and in particular street scenes of Paris. 

He regularly exhibited at the Salons des Artistes Francais et des Independants. More on Henry Malfroy




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Tuesday, June 9, 2020

01 Painting, The amorous game, Part 54 - With Footnotes

Jan Lievens, Leiden 1607 - 1674 Amsterdam
WOMAN EMBRACED BY A MAN, MODELLED BY THE YOUNG REMBRANDT
Oil on canvas
38¼ by 33⅛ in.; 97 by 84 cm.
Private collection

Jan Lievens (24 October 1607 – 4 June 1674) was a Dutch painter, usually associated with Rembrandt, working in a similar style. According to Arnold Houbraken, Jan was the son of a tapestry worker, and was trained by Joris Verschoten. He was sent to Pieter Lastman in Amsterdam at about the age of 10 for two full years. After that he began his career as an independent artist, at about the age of 12 in Leiden. He became something of a celebrity because of his talent at such a young age. This attracted the attention of Maurice of Nassau, Prince of Orange, around 1620, who bought a life-size painting of a young man reading by the light of a turf-fire. He gave this painting in turn to the English Ambassador, who presented it to James I. This was the reason why, when Lievens was 31, he was invited to the British court. When he returned from England he settled in Antwerp, where he married Suzanna Colyn de Nole, the daughter of the sculptor Michiel Colyns. In this period he won many commissions from royalty, mayors, and city halls.

Lievens collaborated and shared a studio with Rembrandt van Rijn from about 1626 to 1631. Their competitive collaboration, represented in some two dozen paintings, drawings and etchings, was intimate enough to cause difficulties in the attribution of works from this period. Lievens showed talent for painting in a life-size scale, and his dramatic compositions suggest the influence of the Caravaggisti. Lievens was more inventive, yet less expressive than Rembrandt. The two men split in 1631, when Rembrandt moved to Amsterdam and Lievens to England. In 1656 Rembrandt still owned paintings by his former friend.



During his time in England Lievens painted a portrait for Thomas Howard, 21st Earl of Arundel, and became influenced by the works of Anthony van Dyck. Lievens worked in Antwerp, and cooperated with Adriaen Brouwer. After being a court painter in The Hague and Berlin, he returned to Amsterdam in 1655. After his first wife died he married a sister of Jan de Bray in 1648. After 1672, the Rampjaar Lievens had increasing financial difficulties and his family voided all claims of inheritance on his death due to his debts. More on Jan Lievens




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Friday, June 5, 2020

01 Painting, The amorous game, Part 55 - With Footnotes

Rebecca Leveille
Emoticon ";)", c. 2018
Oil and Silver Leaf on Canvas
48 × 72 × 2 in, 121.9 × 182.9 × 5.1 cm
Private collection

Rebecca Guay is an artist known early in her career as an illustrator, commissioned for work.  Guay received a degree in Illustration from the Pratt Institute in New York City in 1992. She subsequently turned primarily toward gallery work, opening her first solo exhibition in 2013.

After 2011,Guaye began focusing primarily on large scale gallery work done in oil. Her gallery work focuses on the figure with the goal being a strong emotional connection to the audience. Her pieces have since been shown and acquired by private collectors and several museums, including the Eric Carle Museum of Picture Book Art and the Museum of American Illustration at the Society of Illustrators in New York City.

Guay has been an instructor at the Pratt Institute and a guest lecturer at the Savannah College of Art and Design, University of Massachusetts, Rhode Island School of Design and the Eric Carle Museum of Picture Book Art. Guay is also the creator of two professional mentorship programs. More on Rebecca Guay






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Saturday, May 30, 2020

01 Painting, Streets of Paris, by the artists of their time, Part 69 - With Footnotes

Miroslava Zaharieva, Bulgaria
Notre-Dame Cathedral
Watercolor on Paper
19.7 W x 13.8 H x 0 in

Notre-Dame de Paris is a medieval Catholic cathedral on the Île de la Cité in the fourth arrondissement of Paris. The cathedral is widely considered to be one of the finest examples of French Gothic architecture, and is among the largest and most well-known church buildings in the world. The naturalism of its sculptures and stained glass are in contrast with earlier Romanesque architecture.

As the cathedral of the Archdiocese of Paris, Notre-Dame contains the cathedra of the Archbishop of Paris. The cathedral treasury contains a reliquary which houses some of Catholicism's most important relics, including the purported Crown of Thorns, a fragment of the True Cross, and one of the Holy Nails.


In the 1790s, Notre-Dame suffered desecration in the radical phase of the French Revolution when much of its religious imagery was damaged or destroyed. An extensive restoration supervised by Eugène Viollet-le-Duc began in 1845. A project of further restoration and maintenance began in 1991. More on Notre-Dame Cathedral

Miroslava Zaharieva is an academic and self-expression artist. She works in various styles: still life, landscape, portrait, figural and non-figural compositions using watercolours, oil, tempera and acrylic colours. Traditional techniques of painting and experimentation by mixing different techniques together. Collage works with various materials: paper, textile, leather and synthetics. Applied arts experience in hand drawing and stamping of textiles (silk, linen, cotton, synthetics).

Born on May 6th 1982 at Sofia, Bulgaria, Miroslava Graduated on M.A. course in Painting at the National Academy of Arts, Sofia, Bulgaria. She is a member of Union of Bulgarian Artists since 2012. She is also a member of AIAP / IAA – UNESCO. More on Miroslava Zaharieva





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Friday, May 15, 2020

01 Painting, The amorous game, Part 55 - With Footnotes

Rebecca Leveille
Give Me Pretty Things, c. 2016
Oil, art resin, and gold on canvas
36 × 36 in, 91.4 × 91.4 cm

Rebecca Guay is an artist known early in her career as an illustrator, commissioned for work.  Guay received a degree in Illustration from the Pratt Institute in New York City in 1992. She subsequently turned primarily toward gallery work, opening her first solo exhibition in 2013.

After 2011,Guaye began focusing primarily on large scale gallery work done in oil. Her gallery work focuses on the figure with the goal being a strong emotional connection to the audience. Her pieces have since been shown and acquired by private collectors and several museums, including the Eric Carle Museum of Picture Book Art and the Museum of American Illustration at the Society of Illustrators in New York City.

Guay has been an instructor at the Pratt Institute and a guest lecturer at the Savannah College of Art and Design, University of Massachusetts, Rhode Island School of Design and the Eric Carle Museum of Picture Book Art. Guay is also the creator of two professional mentorship programs. More on Rebecca Guay





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Tuesday, May 12, 2020

01 Painting, The amorous game, Part 53 - With Footnotes

István Cene gál, Hungary
Forbidden love III
Oil on canvas
39.4 W x 39.4 H x 0.8 in

István Cene gál was born in 1969 in Salgótarján, Hungary. He studied artistic drawing under the guidance of first Ödön Iványi, then Péter Földi.

He also studied art history in a course led by Professor Dr. Lajos Végvári at the Association of Art in Miskolc. He got his degree at the College Department of the university DOTE EU.
Several study tours to Paris (at István Sándorfi), Rome, London and Dublin.

He is a member in the Hungarian Painters’ Society. In 2009 – he received the "Prima” Award and in 2015 – "European Art Star” Award. He has had more than forty individual exhibitions in Hungary and abroad, alike. He has paintings in 26 countries at private collectors.” More on István Cene gál






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Sunday, April 26, 2020

01 Painting, The amorous game, Part 52 - With Footnotes

Eugen de Blaas, (Austrian, 1843-1931)
The courtship, c. 1887
Oil on canvas
42 x 27 in. (107 x 70 cm.)
Private collection

Eugene de Blaas, (24 July 1843 – 10 February 1932), was an Italian painter in the school known as Academic Classicism. He was born at Albano, near Rome, to Austrian parents. His father Karl, also a painter, was his teacher. The family moved to Venice when Karl became Professor at the Academy of Venice. He often painted scenes in Venice, but also portraits and religious paintings.

His colorful and rather theatrical period images of Venetian society, e.g. On the Balcony (1877; Private Collection), were quite different compared to delicate pastels and etchings of the courtyards, balcony and canals of modern Venice.

Eugene de Blaas' paintings were exhibited at the Royal Academy, Fine Art Society, New Gallery and Arthur Tooth and Sons Gallery in London, and also at the Walker Art Gallery in Liverpool. More on Eugene de Blaas






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Monday, April 13, 2020

01 Painting, Streets of Paris, Part 68 - With Footnotes

Jean Dufy, (1888 - 1964)
PARIS, MONTMARTRE, c. 1920
Watercolor and gouache on paper
10¼ by 14¼ in. (26 by 36.1 cm)
Private collection

With its cobbled streets, stunning Basilica, artists, bistros ... Montmartre is full of charm! Perched on the top of a small hill in the 18th arrondissement, the most famous Parisian district has lost none of its village atmosphere that appealed so much to the artists of the 19th and 20th centuries. A real melting pot of art and inspiration for the cinema, Montmartre still gives as much pleasure to those who stroll around it and figures high on the list for a stay in Paris. More on Montmartre

Jean Dufy (b Le Havre, France, 1888; d La Boissière, 1964) French Painter. Following his service in the military, from 1910-1912, Jean Dufy relocated to Paris. Inspired by the work of Braque and Picasso, Dufy created watercolors that expressed a heightened understanding of color and light. In the mid-1920s, Jean Dufy became captivated by the music of the time, such as Darius Millaud and Francis Poulenc, and incorporated this interest into his artwork. While depicting orchestral and musical subjects, Dufy later became enchanted by the coast of Northern France and began to create majestic and effecting landscapes. Throughout the 1950s Dufy explored Western Europe and North America, but inevitably returned to his watercolors and oils of Paris. Just two months after the death of his wife, Ismérie, Jean Dufy died in 1964 in La BoissiereMore Jean Dufy






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