Saturday, February 17, 2018

06 Paintings, PORTRAIT OF A LADY, Cecilia Green and Sir William Russell Flint, , with Footnotes. # 25

Sir William Russell Flint, R.A., P.R.W.S., 1880-1969
CECILIA INSPECTING HER ARTIST'S HANDIWORK
Model: Cecilia Green
Watercolour
25 by 36 cm., 10 by 14 in.
Private collection


Signed l.l.: W. RUSSELL FLINT-; further signed and inscribed on the backboard: Cecilia Inspecting her Artist's Handiwork/ by Sir William Russell Flint. R.A./ This little picture is for Cecilia's own dear John/ with deep affection from Willie/ Oct. 1959

Sir William Russell Flint RA (4 April 1880 – 30 December 1969) was a Scottish artist and illustrator who was known especially for his watercolour paintings of women. He also worked in oils, tempera, and printmaking. He was educated at Daniel Stewart's College and then Edinburgh Institution. From 1894 to 1900 Flint apprenticed as a lithographic draughtsman while taking classes at the Royal Institute of Art, Edinburgh. From 1900 to 1902 he worked as a medical illustrator in London while studying part-time at Heatherley's Art School. He furthered his art education by studying independently at the British Museum. He was an artist for The Illustrated London News from 1903 to 1907, and produced illustrations for editions of several books.

After Sir William Russell Flint, 1880 - 1969
The Red Portfolio
Coloured Print
Model: Cecilia Green
10 x 15 inches
Private collection

Flint was elected president of Britain's Royal Society of Painters in Watercolours (now the Royal Watercolour Society) in 1936 to 1956, and knighted in 1947.

After Sir William Russell Flint, 1880 - 1969
NEW MODEL INSPECTING DRAWINGS OF HER PREDECESSOR
Coloured Print
Model: Cecilia Green
13"x21.5" (33x54.5cm)
Private collection

During visits to Spain, Flint was impressed by Spanish dancers, and he depicted them frequently throughout his career. He enjoyed considerable commercial success but little respect from art critics, who were disturbed by a perceived crassness in his eroticized treatment of the female figure.

Sir William Russell Flint, 1880 - 1969
Model and Critic
Coloured Print
Model: Cecilia Green
14.5" x 21.75"
Private collection

On the other hand, complete strangers kept recognizing Cecilia Green. She was a beautiful young woman, and this might have been a chat-upline, but they kept asking the same thing. Was she Sir Russell Flint's model? It was an embarrassing enough question, particularly for one who had never heard of the Scottish artist, let alone seen anything of his work.

Sir William Russell Flint, R.A., P.R.W.S., 1880 - 1969
THE TURQUOISE RIBBON
Model: Cecilia Green
Watercolour
23 by 37 cm.; 9 by 14½ in.

Someone showed her a published album, and she thought that Flint's plates were ''absolutely brilliant''. She was captivated, and yes there were some resemblances between Cecilia and the figures in pictures like Three Gypsies in Languedoc, or between her and the Spanish dancer Consuelito Carmona, one of the models acknowledged by name in the compositions.


Sir William Russell Flint, R.A., P.R.W.S., 1880-1969
CECILIA
Watercolour
33 by 59cm., 13 by 23¼in.
Private collection

Cecilia Green's career as a soloist with the Festival Ballet in London had ended abruptly when she contracted tuberculosis at the age of 21. She had been two years in hospital. She didn't know what to do with herself. She had nothing else to fall back upon. 

She looked Flint up in Who's Who. She found his phone number in the book. At the station she went into a phone box and rang his number. He answered himself and he was obviously nervous about using the telephone, so he sounded very brusque. A bit rude and unpleasant. she told him she was a model. He said he didn't want a model. ''I told him, well, I'm just round the corner. Could you just see me for a minute? He said, 'You can come if you like. But I don't want a model.' Bang -- the phone. "I thought, I'm not going. But I decided I'd come all this way. I'd go and see him. He couldn't kill me. I found a taxi.''

71 year old Sir William Russell Flint answered the door of his London studio. What Russell Flint saw when he opened the door was a stunningly attractive 21 year old former ballet dancer, of whom he later commented ‘I had adapted faces to make them look like hers years and years before I met her’. She remained with him as model, muse and critic until 1966.

Their association lasted for some 15 years, but she was much more than his model and his inspiration. Flint's wife was confined to a nursing home with arthritis, and Cecilia took over many additional duties, such as dealing with agents, acting as his hostess, and even manicuring his fingernails.

Although Russell Flint was very fond of her their relationship was always most proper. When painting he always observed great formality , forever correctly attired in a waistcoat, collar and tie, and as often as not he would not even remove his jacket whilst at work. For her own part Cecilia looked upon him as a kindly uncle.

Cecilia Green was the only child of garment workers of Russian extraction, she was born at Hackney, in the East End of London, on August 29 1931. In childhood she suffered from malnutrition, which caused rickets in the legs and thighs. That her legs in adulthood were extremely shapely, as Flint showed, must be attributed rather to her later ballet training than to early treatment, for no one could persuade her to keep her splints on.

In 1958 she married, but continued to model for Flint until 1966, when she and her husband were "adopted" by Baron Leo Bensilum, an ebullient and dominating oil company executive. Cecilia found his extrovert personality the very opposite of the shy, retiring Flint, and was to work for him as his personal assistant until he retired.

Flint was active as an artist until his death in London on 30 December 1969









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01 Paintings, of The amorous game, Part 7 - With Footnotes

Federico Andreotti, 1847-1930, ITALIAN
A BASHFUL MAIDEN
Oil on canvas
29 1/2 by 23 1/2 in., 74.9 by 59.7 in.
Private collection

Federico Andreotti (Florence, March 6, 1847 – 1930) was an Italian painter. He initially studied with Angiolo Tricca, Stefano Ussi, and at the Florentine Academy of Fine Arts. At a contest, he won a stipend and ultimately gained appointment as professor at the Academy. He was prolific as a painter of canvases at Rome, Florence, and other cities. He painted realistic genre and aristocratic scenes, often in dress from the eighteenth centuries. The elaborate period dress and affected airs give his paintings, sometimes described as Rococo Revival, a retardataire focus. More on Federico Andreotti









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Friday, February 16, 2018

04 Paintings, PORTRAIT OF A LADY, of the 18th & 19th C., with Footnotes. #20

John Wesley Jarvis, (American, 1780-1838)
Maria Holmes, American 1780-1834)
Oil on canvas
28 1/4" x 24 1/4"
Private collection

The subject is depicted in a black dress with lace shawl, her body angled slightly to her right, with part of a red painted chair visible behind her. 

Mary Jane Holmes (April 5, 1825 – October 6, 1907) was a bestselling and prolific American author who published 39 popular novels, as well as short stories. Her first novel sold 250,000 copies; and she had total sales of 2 million books in her lifetime, second only to Harriet Beecher Stowe.

Portraying domestic life in small-town and rural settings, she examined gender relationships, as well as those of class and race. She also dealt with slavery and the American Civil War with a strong sense of moral justice. Since the late 20th century she has received fresh recognition and reappraisal, although her popular work was excluded from most 19th-century literary histories. More on Mary Jane Holmes 

John Wesley Jarvis (1780 or 1781 – January 14, 1839) was an American painter, born at South Shields, England. His father was an American mariner, who moved his family to the United States in the mid-1780s. The Jarvis family settled in Philadelphia; there he spent his childhood and began his artistic training. His formal instruction began around 1796.

Jarvis moved to New York in 1801. Within a year he was working on his own as an engraver. In 1803 he entered into a partnership with Joseph Wood. His partnership with Wood lasted seven years. Together they executed engravings, miniatures, and larger portraits. He enjoyed great popularity, though his conviviality and eccentric mode of life affected his work. General Andrew Jackson was one of his sitters. 


While New York always remained his home base, he continued his habit of extended residences in other cities for most of the rest of his life. 


Jarvis rose to the top of his profession by 1814, when he took over an unprecedented commission for six full-length portraits of the naval heroes of the War of 1812 for the City of New York. For over a decade, he remained the premier portrait painter in New York./


As early as the 1820s, however, he received some personal setbacks. In 1823 he was sued successfully by his apprentice John Quidor for breach of contract, and the following year he lost custody of his children in a court battle with his estranged second wife. A decade later, in 1834, he suffered a debilitating stroke while in New Orleans. Partially paralyzed and mentally incapacitated, he spent the rest of his life in New York City, cared for by his sister. He died there in 1840, in poverty. More on John Wesley Jarvis 



JUSTUS SUSTERMANS, (ANTWERP 1597-1681 FLORENCE)
Portrait of Vittoria della Rovere, (1622-1694)
Oil on canvas 
66.8 x 52 cm.
Private collection

Vittoria della Rovere, Grand Duchess of Tuscany (1622-1694) was the wife of Ferdinando II de’ Medici. She was the daughter of Federigo-Ubaldo della Rovere (1604–1648) and Claudia de’ Medici.

She is best known as the last heir of the art collection assembled by her family in Urbino and as the person who, through marriage, passed them on to the Grand Duchy of Tuscany.  Always interested in worldly and cultural affairs, she spoke Spanish and French, knew Latin and sponsored a variety of literati, becoming patroness in 1654 of a literary academy in Siena called Le Assicurate, devoted exclusively to women. More on Vittoria della Rovere

Justus Sustermans (28 September 1597 – 23 April 1681) also known as Giusto Sustermans, was a Flemish painter working in the Baroque style. He was born in Antwerp and died in Florence.

Sustermans is chiefly notable for his portraits of members of the Medici family as he was their court painter. His work can be found in both the Palatina Gallery and the Uffizi Gallery in Florence, and in many other galleries around the globe. During his lifetime he was fêted as the finest portrait painter in Italy.

He first studied in Antwerp under Willem de Vos (a nephew of the painter Maerten de Vos), becoming his assistant in 1609. He then spent three and a half years in Paris, where he studied and collaborated with Frans Pourbus the younger. He was eventually invited to Florence under the patronage of the Medici family where he studied Italian portraitists such as Il Guercino, the Spanish Diego Velázquez and France’s Pierre Mignard. While in Italy he also became influenced by the Venetian artists. More on Justus Sustermans

Pablo Picasso, 1881–1973
Dora Maar assise
Ink, gouache and oil paint on paper on canvas
689 x 625 mm
Tate

Henriette Theodora Markovitch, pseudonym Dora Maar (November 22, 1907 in the 6th arrondissement of Paris – July 16, 1997 in Paris) was a painter who exhibited with the Surrealist group, before becoming a photographer and reporter. She was Picasso's mistress in the late 1930s and the war years, and one of his most important models during that period. A formidable personality, she was instrumental in encouraging Picasso's political awareness. He also admitted to being somewhat afraid of her. This work shows Dora as a smart, independent French woman, with her hands crossed elegantly in her lap. More on this painting

Pablo Ruiz y Picasso, also known as Pablo Picasso (25 October 1881 – 8 April 1973), was a Spanish painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, stage designer, poet and playwright who spent most of his adult life in France. Regarded as one of the greatest and most influential artists of the 20th century, he is known for co-founding the Cubist movement, the invention of constructed sculpture, the co-invention of collage, and for the wide variety of styles that he helped develop and explore. One of his most famous works are the proto-Cubist Les Demoiselles d'Avignon (1907).

Picasso demonstrated extraordinary artistic talent in his early years, painting in a naturalistic manner through his childhood and adolescence. During the first decade of the 20th century, his style changed as he experimented with different theories, techniques, and ideas. His work is often categorized into periods. While the names of many of his later periods are debated, the most commonly accepted periods in his work are the Blue Period (1901–1904), the Rose Period (1904–1906), the African-influenced Period (1907–1909), Analytic Cubism (1909–1912), and Synthetic Cubism (1912–1919), also referred to as the Crystal period.

Exceptionally prolific throughout the course of his long life, Picasso achieved universal renown and immense fortune for his revolutionary artistic accomplishments, and became one of the best-known figures in 20th-century art. More on Pablo Picasso

Man Ray, 1890 - 1976
Portrait of Dora Maar, 1936

In 1935, Maar was commissioned to photograph the set of Jean Renoir's The Crime of Monsieur Lange. It was here that Maar was introduced to Picasso. Two years later, after the breakup of his relationship with Marie-Thérèse Walter with whom he had his daughter Maya, Maar photographed Picasso in his studio as he painted one of the greatest works of his life and indeed the 20th century, Guernica. More on Dora Mar 

Man Ray (born Emmanuel Radnitzky; August 27, 1890 – November 18, 1976) was an American visual artist who spent most of his career in France. He was a significant contributor to the Dada and Surrealist movements, although his ties to each were informal. He produced major works in a variety of media but considered himself a painter above all. He was best known for his photography, and he was a renowned fashion and portrait photographer. Man Ray is also noted for his work with photograms, which he called "rayographs" in reference to himself. More on Man Ray








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Thursday, February 15, 2018

01 Paintings, of The amorous game, Part 10 - With Footnotes

Pascale Taurua, b. 1961, France
Caresse
Oil on Canvas
39.4 H x 39.4 W x 0.8 in

Pascale Taurua , born in 1961 is a French painter elected Miss New Caledonia 1977 , then Miss France 1978 . She succeeds Veronica Bundle, Miss France 1977. She is the 48 th Miss France.

A few months after her election, she prefers to return to New Caledonia rather than ensure her role as Miss France in France for a year. Pascale Taurua is now an artist-painter.

Pascale Taurua started painting a young age. She graduated from the Conservatory of Art of Papeete in Tahiti. She lives in Pau in the south of France. She has made painting her profession since 1996. Her work is mainly focused on figurative art. She exhibits her paintings in the Pacific and Metropolitan France. She also makes drawings, and participates in many courses and workshops. More on Pascale Taurua


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Wednesday, February 14, 2018

01 Paintings, PORTRAIT OF A LADY, of the 18th & 19th C., with Footnotes. #24

Richard Avedon, (May 15, 1923 – October 1, 2004)
Veruschka von Lehndorff, 1966

Countess Vera von Lehndorff-Steinort (born 14 May 1939), also known as Veruschka von Lehndorff, is a German model, actress, and artist who was popular during the 1960s. She is known professionally as Veruschka.

Veruschka was born Vera Gottliebe Anna Gräfin von Lehndorff-Steinort on 14 May 1939, in Königsberg, East Prussia, now known as Kaliningrad, Russia. She grew up at Steinort, an estate in East Prussia, which had been in her family for centuries. Her mother was Countess Gottliebe von Kalnein (b. 1913). Her father was a German aristocrat and army reserve officer who became a key member of the German Resistance. When Veruschka was five years old, her father was executed for allegedly attempting to assassinate Adolf Hitler in the 20 July Plot. After his death, the remaining family members spent their times in labor camps until the end of World War II. By the end of the war, her family was left homeless. As a young girl, she attended 13 schools.

She studied art in Hamburg and then moved to Florence, where she was discovered at age 20 by the photographer Ugo Mulas and became a full-time model. In 1961 she moved to New York City, but soon returned to Munich. She had also garnered attention when she made a brief five-minute appearance in the 1966 cult film Blow Up by Michelangelo Antonioni. Veruschka appeared on the cover of Life magazine's August 1967 issue and various times on all four major Vogue magazines' (American, Italian, French and British) covers throughout the 1960s.


She once worked with Salvador Dalí and photographer Peter Beard, who took her to Kenya. At her peak, she earned as much as $10,000 a day. In 1975, however, she departed from the fashion industry due to disagreements with Grace Mirabella, the newly appointed editor-in-chief of Vogue. In a 1999 interview, Veruschka said about their disagreements, "She wanted me to be bourgeois, and I didn't want to be that. More on Veruschka von Lehndorff


Richard Avedon (May 15, 1923 – October 1, 2004) was an American fashion and portrait photographer. An obituary published in The New York Times said that "his fashion and portrait photographs helped define America's image of style, beauty and culture for the last half-century".

Although Richard Avedon’s celebrated fashion photographs have graced the pages of Harper’s Bazaar, Vogue, and Life, the artist primarily referred to himself as a portrait photographer. Avedon’s fashion shots are profoundly dramatic and dynamic, often capturing the model in motion. Along with his own acquaintances and various ordinary people, Avedon took photographs of celebrities, politicians, and other public figures ranging from Bertrand Russell to Marilyn Monroe. In both his commercial assignments and his portrait work, Avedon’s meticulous approach and penetrating gaze sought to capture the essence of each unique subject and moment in time. More on Richard Avedon











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Monday, February 12, 2018

01 Paintings, of The amorous game, Part 8 - With Footnotes

Ferdinand Victor Léon Roybet, 1840-1920, FRENCH
A CHOICE
Oil on panel
37 5/8 by 50 3/4 in., 95.5 by 129 cm
Private collection

Ferdinand Victor Léon Roybet (12 April 1840, Uzès - 11 April 1920, Paris) was a French painter and engraver; best known for his historical and costume genre scenes. His father was the owner of a café and a liqueur manufacturer who moved his family to Lyon in 1846. He began by studying engraving at the École nationale des beaux-arts de Lyon. After his father's death in 1863, he took his new wife and baby to Paris, where he studied with Jean-Georges Vibert and copied the Old Masters at the Louvre.

In 1865, after some financial hardships, he presented two paintings at the Salon and, the following year, achieved success when one of his works was purchased by Mathilde Bonaparte for 5,000 francs. He then decided to concentrate on costumed figures, mostly from the 18th century, and was awarded a contract for three canvases per month at an annual salary of 25,000 francs.

He was named a knight in the Legion of Honour in 1893 and many wealthy people among his clients; notably Cornelius Vanderbilt, who paid 100,000 francs for one of his works at the Palais de l'Industrie in 1893. He also painted many notable people in period costume.


Toward the end of his life, he turned to religious subjects, producing a tableau of 22 paintings depicting the Passion of Christ. After his death, in 1921, they were the subject of a special showing at the Salon. Six years later, the Musée Roybet Fould was established in Courbevoie by Consuelo Fould, who owned a large number of Roybet's paintings. More on Ferdinand Victor Léon Roybet














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Sunday, February 11, 2018

01 Paintings, PORTRAIT OF A LADY, of the 18th & 19th C., with Footnotes. #23

Marco Battaglini, Costa Rica
God Save The Queen
Oil on canvas
Size: 51.2 H x 41.3 W x 0 in

Through an interplay of multiple realities overlapping in the chronotope, Battaglini evidences the contradictions in mental models about the temporal contrast (chronological), and the cultural and linguistic barriers.

Battaglini invites us to think that in today's global village, with the 'democratization' of culture, the evolution of knowledge, information immediacy, immersed in the heterogeneity, the Patchwork Culture forces us to confront with a need understanding beyond our geographical boundaries of time.

Probably the uniqueness is to conceptualize the possible coexistence of the ideals of classical beauty with the anti-aesthetic, the combination of the divine and refined with the vulgar, through a composition that can complement different realities in an eternal instant. Multidimensionality leads him to overlap different temporal, spatial and cultural realities, where everything seems to make sense… More on this painting


Costa Rican artist Marco Battaglini uses his artwork to explore the evolution of culture and knowledge. In some works, he combines classical paintings with modern pop-art references and graffiti for a modern renaissance look.  While the imagery appears almost collaged at first glance, looking at the paintings I find subtle details that really add to the ideas behind the pieces, like finding brand names tattooed on the cherubic figures that frequent these scenes. More on Marco Battaglini 














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Saturday, February 10, 2018

01 Paintings by the Orientalist Artists in the Nineteenth-Century, with footnotes, 14

Émile Bernard, 1868 - 1941, FRENCH
AU HAREM
oil on canvas
42 1/2 by 55 1/2 in., 108 by 141 cm
Private collection


Harem a sacred inviolable place; for female members of the family. Harem properly refers to domestic spaces that are reserved for the women of the house in a Muslim family and are inaccessible to adult males except for close relations. Similar institutions have been common in other Mediterranean and Middle Eastern civilizations, especially among royal and upper-class families and the term is sometimes used in non-Islamic contexts. The structure of the harem and the extent of monogamy or polygamy has varied depending on the family's personalities, socio-economic status, and local customs. A harem may house a man's wife—or wives and concubines, as in royal harems of the past.

In the West, Orientalist imaginary conceptions of the harem as a fantasy world of forbidden sexuality where numerous women lounged in suggestive poses have influenced many paintings, stage productions, films and literary works. Several European Renaissance paintings dating to the 16th century defy Orientalist tropes and portray the women of the Ottoman harem as individuals of status and political significance. In many periods of Islamic history women in the harem exercised various degrees of political power. Harem. More on the Harem


Émile Henri Bernard (28 April 1868 – 16 April 1941) was a French Post-Impressionist painter and writer, who had artistic friendships with Vincent van Gogh, Paul Gauguin and Eugène Boch, and at a later time, Paul Cézanne. Most of his notable work was accomplished at a young age, in the years 1886 through 1897. He is also associated with Cloisonnism and Synthetism, two late 19th-century art movements. Less known is Bernard's literary work, comprising plays, poetry, and art criticism as well as art historical statements that contain first hand information on the crucial period of modern art to which Bernard had contributed. More on Émile Henri Bernard






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Wednesday, February 7, 2018

02 Paintings, of The amorous game, Part 6 - With Footnotes

Michel Comte, B. 1954
HELENA CHRISTENSEN,  c. 1995 
Silver print
70.5 by 70.1 cm.; 27 ½  by 27 ½ in. 
Private collection

Helena Christensen (born 25 December 1968) is a Danish fashion model and photographer. She is a former Victoria's Secret Angel and beauty queen. Christensen has also served as creative director for Nylon magazine, designed clothing, and supported funding for breast cancer organizations and other charities.

Helena was born in Copenhagen, Denmark, as the eldest of two daughters of a Danish father and a Peruvian mother. Winning the Miss Universe Denmark crown in 1986, she subsequently represented Denmark in the Miss Universe 1986 pageant. The following year, she participated in the Look of the Year 1987 competition, where she was a finalist. Christensen left her home soon afterwards to pursue modeling in Paris. More on Helena Christensen

Michel Comte (born February 19, 1954 in Zürich, Switzerland) is a filmmaker and a fashion, portrait photographer. He is regarded as one of the most important photographers in the industry. He directed and produced The Girl from Nagasaki, his first feature film in 3D, which premiered at Sundance Film Festival in 2014.

Comte was born in Zürich, Switzerland. He studied in England and in France, then started his career in contemporary art restoration, specializing in the works of Andy Warhol and Yves Klein. Comte was interested in photography and when moving to Paris in 1979, he was discovered by Karl Lagerfeld, who gave him first international assignment. Comte then started working for such publications as Vogue US, Vogue Italia, Per Lui, Vanity Fair, and fashion houses such as Emanuel Ungaro, Chanel, Giorgio Armani and so on.

Comte produced many iconic portraits. More on Michel Comte

Antoine Verglas, b. 1962
ANGELINA JOLIE I, 2000 
Silver print
35.5 by 28 cm., 11 by 14 in.
Private collection


Angelina Jolie (born Angelina Jolie Voight, June 4, 1975) is an American actress, filmmaker, and humanitarian. She has received an Academy Award, two Screen Actors Guild Awards, and three Golden Globe Awards, and has been cited as Hollywood's highest-paid actress. Jolie made her screen debut as a child alongside her father, Jon Voight, in Lookin' to Get Out (1982). Her film career began in earnest a decade later with the low-budget production Cyborg 2 (1993), followed by her first leading role in a major film, Hackers (1995).

In addition to her film career, Jolie is noted for her humanitarian efforts, for which she has received a Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award and an honorary damehood of the Order of St Michael and St George (DCMG), among other honors. She promotes various causes, including conservation, education, and women's rights, and is most noted for her advocacy on behalf of refugees as a Special Envoy for the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). More on Angelina Jolie



Antoine Verglas (born in Paris, 1962) is a New York City based photographer who obtained popular acclaim for his uninhibited documentary-style fashion photographs of 1990s supermodels such as Claudia Schiffer and Stephanie Seymour.

 Verglas was born and raised in Paris where he attended E.S.C School of Business and, on occasion, worked as a model for TV commercials. That is how he got his start hosting a TV show Cinq sur Cinq [Five on Five] for teenagers, presenting video clips, movie trailers and interviewing celebrities. Antoine started taking photographs of his college girlfriend, Ford model Catherine Ahnell and in 1990 moved to New York City to become a photographer.

In the 1990s Antoine Verglas introduced a new style of fashion photography when he captured models in a series of intimate, documentary style photographs that ran in several international editions of Elle magazine. Prior to that fashion editorials were highly poised. Antoine Verglas' photographs were more candid and uninhibited, with natural light. This intimate style of capturing a personality has become known as the “Verglas Signature.” More on Antoine Verglas






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03 Paintings, MODERN & CONTEMPORARY MIDDLE EASTERN ART, With Footnotes - 4

Jewad Selim, (1919–1961)
Lamea , c. 1949
oil on canvas
61 x 46cm (24 x 18 1/8in)
Private collection

Depicting the prominent Iraqi poetess Lamea Abbas Amara, the painting, executed in 1949, is one with which Jewad had a well-documented personal connection, and it remained in the artist's collection until his passing, taking part in the landmark "Societe Primitive" exhibition at the Baghdad Fine Arts institute in 1952, where it was photographed alongside Selim and his wife Lorna.
After Jewad's death in 1961 "Lamea" remained with Lorna Selim till 1971, when it was sold into the equally esteemed collection of Iraq's preeminent art critic Jabra Ibrahim Jabra before passing to his family from which it was purchased by the present owner

Jewad Selim (1919–1961) was an Iraqi painter and sculptor born in Ankara (Turkey) in 1919. He studied sculpture in Paris (1938-1939), Rome (1939-1940) and London (1946-1948). Having been influenced by Western artists such as Pablo Picasso and Henry Moore, Selim returned to Iraq and was appointed head of the Sculpture Department at the Institute of Fine Arts in Baghdad, a position he retained until his death in 1961. He also founded the Jama'et Baghdad lil Fen al-Hadith (The Baghdad Modern Art Group) with fellow artist Shakir Hassan Al Said, as well as the new Baghdad School of Modern Art. He is especially known for his Nasb al-Hurriyah (Monument of Freedom), located in one of Baghdad's main squares. In this monument, the artist celebrated the Iraqi people and the 1958 Revolution, however, he died before the monument was finished. Selim is credited as being the most influential artist in Iraq's modern art movement. More on Jewad Selim 

Iraqi School 20th Century
GIRL IN STABLE WITH CATTLE , 1986
oil on canvas laid on board
20.5 by 26in
Private collection


Iraq has produced several world-class painters and sculptors including Ismail Fatah Al Turk, Khalid al-Raḥḥal, and Muḥammad Ghani.

Faik Hassan (b. 1935), considered the founder of modern plastic art in Iraq, was among several Iraqi artists who were selected to study art at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts before the Second World War. This group formed the foundation of Iraq's strong 20th century artistic tradition. Hassan founded the Institute of Fine Arts in Baghdad; many of Iraq's best known artists studied at this institution.

Jawad Saleem, see above

Jamil Hamoudi (b. 1924) is both a painter and sculptor. Like Azzawi, Hamoudi also studied at the Baghdad School of Fine Art. He was interested in the cubist movement and in 1973 he was appointed to the directorship of fine arts at the Ministry of Culture. In 1947, he self-identified with the surrealist movement, only to later distance himself citing "A dark, saturnine atmosphere emanated from [their canvases] the effect of which was to arouse a feeling of despair in human beings." His paintings are brightly colored and make use of shapes like circles, triangles and arches. For sculpture he frequently uses plaster, stone, wood, metal, copper, glass, marble, Plexiglas and ceramics.

Beginning in 1969, the Arab nationalist political agenda of the Baath party encouraged Iraqi artists to create work that would explain Iraq's new national identity in terms of its historical roots. The Iraqi Ministry of Culture is involved in efforts to preserve tradition Iraqi crafts like leatherworking, copper working, and carpet making. More on Iraqi School 20th Century

Mohammad Mohreddin, (born 1938) 
Mowdou' Raqm 1 (Subject Number 1) or Shadow , 1980
Pencil, watercolour and collage on paper
27¼ x 23¼in. (69.2 x 59cm.)
Private collection

Born in Basra, Iraq in 1938. Works and lives in Iraq. He obtained his diploma in Graphics and Painting from Academy of Fine Arts in Warsaw, Poland.

Mohraddin paints a reality where a paradox reigns. Like a blackboard that hasn't been well rubbed his work is full of half seen mathematical formulas and theories, of tiny calligraphy, incomplete messages, imprints of hands and hazy drawings that look like the negatives of an old and forgotten film. More on Mohammad Mohreddin










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