Saturday, May 21, 2022

01 Painting, The amorous game, Henri Decaisne's Fallen woman, Part 66 - With Footnotes

Henri de Caisne, Belgian, 1799 - 1852
The Fallen Woman
Oil on canvas
40 by 32 in.; 101.6 by 81.2 cm
Private collection

"Fallen woman" is an archaic term which was used to describe a woman who has "lost her innocence", and fallen from the grace of God. In 19th-century Britain especially, the meaning came to be closely associated with the loss or surrender of a woman's chastity and with female promiscuity. Its use was an expression of the belief that to be socially and morally acceptable, a woman's sexuality and experience should be entirely restricted to marriage, and that she should also be under the supervision and care of an authoritative man. Used when society offered few employment opportunities for women in times of crisis or hardship, the term was often more specifically associated with prostitution, which was regarded as both cause and effect of a woman being "fallen". More on a Fallen woman

Henri Decaisne (27 January 1799 – 17 October 1852) was a Belgian historical and portrait painter.

Decaisne was born at Brussels in 1799. As early as 1814 he began to study painting under François, and in 1818 upon the advice of David he went to Paris and entered the studio of Girodet, whence he removed to that of Gros. Several pictures by him are at Versailles; among them are the 'Entry of Charles VII into Rouen' (1838), and the 'Institution of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem' (1842). In 1839 he completed his colossal work, ' Les Belges Illustres.' He died in Paris in 1852. More on Henri Decaisne




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Tuesday, May 17, 2022

01 Painting, Streets of Paris, by the artists of their time, Georg Tappert's Café, Part 77

Georg Tappert (1880-1957)
Café, c. 1917
Oil on burlap
25 1⁄4 x 23 5⁄8 in. (64 x 60.8 cm.)
Private collection

Painted in 1917, Café is a fine example of Tappert's fascination with the subject of café society, which he explored throughout his career, and particularly in the years during the First World War. In taking up themes of the cabaret and the world of entertainment, Tappert reflects the influence of works by Pechstein and Van Dongen, who in turn drew their inspiration from French turn-of-the-century artists such as Toulouse-Lautrec.

Even though Georg Tappert served in the army during the war years, from 1915-1918, scenes of war and destruction are conspicuously absent from his œuvre. Instead, during this period Tappert's work is dominated by nudes and scenes of the demi-monde, and bourgeoise social life, such as the present painting. Unlike his contemporaries, who expressed war traumas and battle experiences through their art, Tappert found in painting a way of escaping the grim reality and creating a more pleasant imaginary world. More on this painting

Georg Tappert (20 October 1880, Berlin – 16 November 1957, Berlin) was a German expressionist painter.

Tappert underwent an apprenticeship as a tailor, before gaining employment at various tailoring businesses for two years. However he attracted the attention of Max Liebermann, who gave him a letter of introduction to Ludwig Schmid-Reutte a professor at the Academy of Fine Arts, Karlsruhe. He studied there from 1901 to 1906, whereupon he joined the Worpswede artists’ colony until 1909.

He was one of the founders of the New Secession which was formed in 1910 following 27 expressionist artworks being excluded from an exhibition organised by the Berlin Secession. More on Georg Tappert




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Sunday, May 15, 2022

01 Painting, The amorous game, Wilhelm Heinrich Schlesinger's Spanish Farmers. Part 64 - With Footnotes

Wilhelm Heinrich Schlesinger
Spanish Farmers, c. 1845
Oil on paper
42.5 x 33 cm
Private collection

Henri-Guillaume Schlesinger, originally Wilhelm Heinrich Schlesinger (6 August 1814, Frankfurt am Main - 21 February 1893, Neuilly-sur-Seine) was a French portrait and genre painter of German birth. He was especially known for his lively and sensitive depictions of young women.

He studied painting at the Academy of Fine Arts, Vienna, and was originally active in that city. He then moved to Paris, where he participated in the Salon from 1840 to 1889 and received two medals.

During a visit to Istanbul in 1837, he was commissioned to do several official paintings of Sultan Mahmud II.

His painting "The Five Senses" was purchased by Empress Eugénie in 1865. The following year, he was named a Chevalier in the Legion of Honor and became a French citizen in 1870, just before the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War. During the war and the subsequent Commune, he lived in London.

In addition to oil paintings, he was a watercolorist and painted miniatures on ivory. More on Henri-Guillaume Schlesinger





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Tuesday, April 26, 2022

01 Work, Streets of Paris, BRASSAÏ's Deux filles de Joie, Part #81

BRASSAÏ (1899–1984)
Deux filles de Joie, Boulevard Rochechouart, Montmartre, c. 1932
Ferrotyped gelatin silver print, printed 1940s
 117⁄8 x 83⁄4 in. (30.1 x 22.2 cm.)
Private collection

The Boulevard Marguerite-de-Rochechouart is a street in Paris, France, situated at the foot of Montmartre and to its south. Like the neighbouring street, it is named after Marguerite de Rochechouart de Montpipeau (1665–1727), abbess of Montmartre. It is a result of the 1864 merging of the boulevards and chemins de ronde which followed the interior and exterior of the Wall of the Farmers-General. It has also been known as the boulevard des Poissonniers, chemin de ronde de Poissonnière and chemin de ronde de Rochechouart. It is served by the Paris Metro stations Pigalle, Anvers and Barbès – Rochechouart. More on Boulevard Rochechouart

Brassaï, pseudonym of Gyula Halász (9 September 1899 – 8 July 1984) was a Hungarian–French photographer, sculptor, medalist, writer, and filmmaker who rose to international fame in France in the 20th century. He was one of the numerous Hungarian artists who flourished in Paris beginning between the world wars.

In the early 21st century, the discovery of more than 200 letters and hundreds of drawings and other items from the period 1940 to 1984 has provided scholars with material for understanding his later life and career. 

Halász's job and his love of the city, whose streets he often wandered late at night, led to photography. He first used it to supplement some of his articles for more money, but rapidly explored the city through this medium, in which he was tutored by his fellow Hungarian André Kertész. He later wrote that he used photography "to capture the beauty of streets and gardens in the rain and fog, and to capture Paris by night." Using the name of his birthplace, Halász went by the pseudonym "Brassaï," which means "from Brasso." More on Brassaï




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01 Painting, The amorous game, by Gaetano Bellei, Part 63 - With Footnotes

Gaetano Bellei (Italian, 1857–1922)
Untitled 
Oil on canvas laid down to paperboard
19 5/8 x 27 3/4 in. (49.9 x 70.5cm)
Private collection

Gaetano Bellei was an Italian Academic Painter who was born in 1857. He later died in 1922 in the same city. He enhanced his artistic talent by learning art from Adeodato Malatesta and Comrade of John Muzzioli. When he was 24 year old, he won the Retired Potetti due which he was able to visit Rome to study arts. One of his most notable masterpieces is Rizpah which he completed there.

He took part in many local exhibitions in Florence. Afterwards, he came back to his native city and became a professor in the Institute of Fine Arts Designer Polite. He was a master of fine art and used to use palette as a bright, fresh and creative tool. He was also a brilliant portrait artist. He has held many art exhibitions throughout his life, one such notable art exhibition was held in London in 1822 at The Royal Academy. More on Gaetano Bellei




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1 Work, Gayle Porter Hoskins' The Battle of Little Bighorn

Gayle Porter Hoskins (1887-1962)
The Battle of Little Bighorn, c. 1928
Oil on canvas
48 x 60 in. (121.9 x 152.4 cm.)
Private collection

The most significant battle of the Great Sioux War of 1876, The Battle of Little Bighorn involved the combined forces of the Lakota, Northern Cheyenne and Arapaho tribes versus the 7th Cavalry Regiment of the United States Army. Commonly known as Custer's Last Stand, the conflict resulted in a devastating loss for the United States and the death of the former Civil War general Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer. More on this painting

Gayle Porter Hoskins (July 20, 1887 – January 14, 1962) was an American illustrator. Hoskins began his training at the Chicago Art Institute and later studied under Howard Pyle in Wilmington, Delaware.

He was born in Brazil, Indiana to William "Pica" Thompson Hoskins, a sheet-music dealer, and Madge Porter Hoskins in 1887. The family moved to Denver, Colorado five years later. About 1901, he began publishing cartoons in the Denver Post. Three years later his mother died and the family moved back east to Chicago. Hoskins then studied at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago and studied under Charles Francis Browne, Frank Phoenix, Thomas Wood Stevens, and John Vanderpoel. He began working for Marshall Field and Company as a mural designer and published illustrations in Redbook in 1907.

Howard Pyle invited Hoskins to study at Pyle's school in Wilmington in 1907. Hoskins studied there until 1910 under Pyle and later under Frank Schoonover. He became a nationally known illustrator by 1918 publishing in Harper's Weekly, Good Housekeeping, Liberty, Saturday Evening Post, Cosmopolitan, and other magazines.

For financial reasons he began working for pulp magazines after the Crash of 1929. His illustrations appeared on the covers of Western Story, Complete Stories, Top-Notch, Sure-Fire Western, Super Western, and Western Trails. After 1938 he stopped publishing in the pulps, preferring portraits and historical subjects instead. More on Gayle Porter Hoskins




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01 Painting, Streets of Paris, Francois Gall's Montmartre, Part 76

Francois Gall, French, 1912-1987
Montmartre, circa 1950
Oil on canvas
17 3/4 x 23 inches (45 x 58.4 cm)
Private collection

With its cobbled streets, stunning Basilica, artists, bistros ... Montmartre is full of charm! Perched on the top of a small hill in the 18th arrondissement, the most famous Parisian district has lost none of its village atmosphere that appealed so much to the artists of the 19th and 20th centuries. A real melting pot of art and inspiration for the cinema, Montmartre still gives as much pleasure to those who stroll around it and figures high on the list for a stay in Paris. More on Montmartre

François Gall (1912–1987) was a Hungarian painter. He became an impressionist painter in the pure French tradition after he moved to Paris in 1936. He was born in Kolozsvar in the former region of Transylvania on March 22, 1912 and began studying all media at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in Rome while working menial jobs to secure a living. In 1939, the Hungarian government awarded Gall with a scholarship for his artistic merit.

Six years later, Francois Gall established himself in Paris and became a student of Devambez at the National Academy of Fine Arts. He greatly admired the first generation of Impressionists and adopted their concepts for his own interpretations. Parisian scenes and and portrayals of women engaged in typically feminine activities were amoung his preferred subjects. Francois was a modern impressionist, bringing his own unique personality to this most enduring style.

Gall participated in various Salon exhibitions in Paris and became a favorite with the public. In 1963, he was honoured with the Francis Smith Prize. He died in 1987. More on François Gall





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Sunday, April 10, 2022

01 Painting, The amorous game, Adam Styka's THE LOVERS, Part 77 - With Footnotes

After Adam Styka 
THE LOVERS
Oil on canvas
101 X 67 CM (39 3/4 X 26 3/8 IN.)
Private collection

Adam Styka , born April 7, 1890 and died September 23, 1959 in Doylestown (Pennsylvania) was born in Poland in 1890. He completed his formal education at the French Academy of Fine Arts, and painted closely under the tutelage of his father, Jan Styka. Each year Adam exhibited his paintings in the Paris' Salon de Paris, Champs Des Elysses and others in Europe and countries of both Americas.

After graduating from the French Military Academy in Fontainebleau, Adam served in the French artillery during the World War I. He was decorated with a Cross of Merit. Also as a reward, he was granted the French "Nationality Citizenship" and a special assistance from the French Government to visit French colonies in Northern Africa. As the result of these annual journeys, Adam developed an entire genre of Middle-Eastern and Oriental themes. 

Adam Styka passed away on 23rd of September 1959 in Doylestown, Pennsylvania. More Adam Styka





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Sunday, March 27, 2022

01 Painting, The amorous game, Auguste Rodin's TWO WOMEN EMBRACING, Part 65 - With Footnotes

Auguste Rodin (1840 -1917)
TWO WOMEN EMBRACING, c. 1908
Pencil and watercolor on paper
H. 32 cm; L. 24 cm
Musée Rodin

The subject of Sapphic loves is very frequent in Rodin's drawings, which often uses several models simultaneously.

The impetuosity and the accuracy of the movement had to be captured instantly and then transferred to a new sheet, the artist used to trace his drawing on the first draft in order to achieve a new, refined drawing. This is the case here, where the contour has neither deformation nor recovery. The beautifully mastered and continuous line is used to determine and shape the forms, which have become timeless, which are not even covered with the usual light ocher wash . The only colors are the blue watercolor flow on the folds of the drape of the woman on the left and the yellow ocher touches enhancing the hair. More on this work

François Auguste René Rodin (12 November 1840 – 17 November 1917) was a French sculptor. He was schooled traditionally, took a craftsman-like approach to his work, and desired academic recognition, although he was never accepted into Paris's foremost school of art.

Rodin possessed a unique ability to model a complex, turbulent, deeply pocketed surface in clay. Many of his most notable sculptures were criticized during his lifetime. They clashed with predominant figurative sculpture traditions, in which works were decorative, formulaic, or highly thematic. Rodin's most original work departed from traditional themes of mythology and allegory, modeled the human body with naturalism, and celebrated individual character and physicality. Rodin was sensitive to the controversy surrounding his work, but refused to change his style. Successive works brought increasing favor from the government and the artistic community.

From the unexpected naturalism of his first major figure – inspired by his 1875 trip to Italy – to the unconventional memorials whose commissions he later sought, Rodin's reputation grew, and he became the preeminent French sculptor of his time. By 1900, he was a world-renowned artist. Wealthy private clients sought Rodin's work after his World's Fair exhibit, and he kept company with a variety of high-profile intellectuals and artists. His students included Antoine Bourdelle, Camille Claudel, Constantin Brâncuși, and Charles Despiau. He married his lifelong companion, Rose Beuret, in the last year of both their lives. His sculptures suffered a decline in popularity after his death in 1917, but within a few decades, his legacy solidified. Rodin remains one of the few sculptors widely known outside the visual arts community. More on François Auguste René Rodin




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Thursday, March 17, 2022

01 Painting, The amorous game,Gunilla Mann's Dancing couple - With Footnotes

Gunilla Mann, (Born 1947)
Dancing couple
Oil on canvas
27 x 18 cm
Private collection

Gunilla Mann, born in 1947 in Gothenburg , is a Swedish painter, artist, graphic artist and sculptor.

Mann grew up in Majorna and Masthugget in Gothenburg. She studied at Handicraft Society School from 1962 to 1967 and at Hovedskou painting school from 1968 to 1972. Mann now divides her time between Österlen and Södermalm in Stockholm . She has worked in winter in Stockholm or its surroundings since 1972. First in her studio at Djurö , then in Sköndal and from 1989 in her studio at Götgatsbacken. In Österlen, Gunilla Mann has been active during the summer with a studio and exhibition in Rarium since 1990.

Gunilla Mann's paintings, lithographs and gouaches are colorful depictions of life. The style is naive and narrative style and is characterized by great detail. More on Gunilla Mann





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Saturday, February 26, 2022

01 Painting, Streets of Paris, Ken Howard's Stormy Morning, Quai St Michel, Paris, Part #81

Ken Howard R.A. (British, born 1932) 
Stormy Morning, Quai St Michel, Paris
Oil on canvas
30 x 61cm (11 13/16 x 24in).
Private collection

The Quai Saint-Michel in the french capital Paris is a small section of the southern bank of the Seine between the bridges Pont Saint-Michel and Petit Pont. The naming references archangel Michael, who was patron to a chapel in the nearby former kings palace.

Ken Howard R.A. (British, born 1932) studied at Hornsey School of Art from 1949 to 1953. He then did his National Service with the Royal Marines before returning to study at the Royal College of Art from 1955 to 1958. He went on to win a British Council Scholarship to Florence from 1958 to 1959.

Howard’s first solo show was held at the Plymouth Art Centre in 1955. Subsequent exhibitions were held in 1966 and 1968 at the John Whibley Gallery. From then on he exhibited extensively, both nationally and internationally, particularly with the New Grafton Gallery from the early 1970s. He was given a retrospective in 1972 at the Plymouth City Art Gallery and in 1973 and 1979 was appointed by the Imperial War Museum as official artist in Northern Ireland. He also worked with the British Army in Germany, Cyprus, Oman, Hong Kong, Nepal, Norway, Canada, Belize and Brunei from 1973 to 1982.

Howard was elected a member of the New English Art Club in 1962, the Royal Institute of Oil Painters in 1966, the Royal Society of Painters in Watercolours in 1979, the Royal West of England Academy 1981, Honorary Member of the Royal Society of British Artists in 1988, Royal Academician in 1991 and President of the New English Art Club in 1998. Among his numerous awards are First Prize in the Lord Mayor’s Art Award in 1966, a Prize Winner in the John Moores Exhibition, Liverpool in 1978, first prize in the Hunting Group Awards and the Critics Prize at Sparkasse Karlsruhe in 1985. Ken Howard lives and works in London. More on Ken Howard




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Wednesday, February 23, 2022

01 Painting, of The amorous game, Filippo Indoni's The distracted shepherd - With Footnotes #3A

Filippo Indoni, (Italian, born circa 1842-1908)
The distracted shepherd
Watercolour and bodycolour 
76.5 x 54cm (30 1/8 x 21 1/4in)
Private collection

 Filippo Indoni, Italian (1800 - 1884). In a reaction against the frivolous and unrealistic images of early 19th century Romanticism, artists turned to less glamorous aspects of life and society in search of a direct experience. By 1850, they had formed a relatively cohesive movement that battled for popularity with Romanticism, a far more widespread style.

This movement, known as Realism, revolutionized art, and artists took a renewed interest in genre scenes - the everyday activities of middle and lower class citizens that previously had been excluded from the fine arts. Roman-born artist Filippo Indoni embraced this artistic movement, presenting jubilant peasants reaping the rewards of their hard work, thus encouraging viewers to seek aesthetic pleasure in the unheralded members of society and moments of daily living. Realists' work such as Indoni's suggests that the everyday movements of life can be as lovely as the life-changing events. More on Filippo Indoni



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Thursday, February 17, 2022

01 Painting, The amorous game, Cornelis Corneliszoon van Haarlem's Monk and Nun, Part 66 - With Footnotes

Cornelis Corneliszoon van Haarlem
Detail; Monk and Nun, C. 1591
oil on canvas
116 x 103 cm
Frans Hals Museum, Haarlem, Netherlands

Cornelis Corneliszoon van Haarlem
Monk and Nun, C. 1591
oil on canvas
116 x 103 cm
Frans Hals Museum, Haarlem, Netherlands

According to legend a nun was accused of having become pregnant. To verify this a monk had to squeeze her breast and if it produced milk she was guilty. But instead of milk she produced wine — the reason for the wine glass on the table. Instead of proving the nun’s guilt the miracle was witness to her faith. Yet the legend may not have been the real subject of the painting. Pictures of amorous monks and nuns were a popular genre in the late 16th century. This may in fact be a satire on the immorality of the cloisters and the Catholic Church. More on this work

Cornelis Corneliszoon van Haarlem (1562 – 11 November 1638), Dutch Golden Age painter and draughtsman, was one of the leading Northern Mannerist artists in the Netherlands, and an important forerunner of Frans Hals as a portraitist. He is known among art historians as a member of the Haarlem Mannerists. He painted mainly portraits as well as mythological and Biblical subjects. Initially Cornelis Cornelisz painted large-size, highly stylized works with Italianate nudes in twisted poses with a grotesque, unnatural anatomy. Later, his style changed to one based on the Netherlandish realist tradition.

When his parents fled Haarlem in 1568, as the Spanish army laid siege to the city during the Eighty Years' War, Cornelis Cornelisz remained behind and was raised by the painter Pieter Pietersz the Elder. Later, in 1580-1581 Corneliszoon studied in Rouen, France, and Antwerp, before returning to Haarlem, where he stayed the rest of his life. In 1583 he received his first official commission from the city of Haarlem, a militia company portrait, the Banquet of the Haarlem Civic Guard. He later became city painter of Haarlem and received numerous official commissions. As a portrait painter, both of groups and individuals, he was an important influence on Frans Hals. More Cornelis Corneliszoon van Haarlem




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