Sunday, July 28, 2019

02 Paintings, MIDDLE EASTERN ART, With Footnotes - 24

Antoine Malliarakis Mayo, 1905 - 1990, EGYPTIAN
JEUNE FELLAH/ YOUNG FELLAH, c. 1934
Oil on board
35 by 26.5cm.; 13 3/4 by 10 1/2 in.
Private collection

Fellah, plural Fellaheen, is a farmer or agricultural laborer in the Middle East and North Africa. The word derives from the Arabic word for "ploughman" or "tiller".

Due to a continuity in beliefs and lifestyle, the fellahin of Egypt have been described as the "true Egyptians".

A fellah could be seen wearing a simple Egyptian cotton robe called galabieh. The word Galabieh originated around 1715–25 and derived from the Egyptian slang word gallabīyah.

Comprising 60% of the Egyptian population, the fellahin lead humble lives and continue to live in mud-brick houses like their ancient ancestors. In 1927, anthropologist Winifred Blackman, author of The Fellahin of Upper Egypt, conducted ethnographic research on the life of Upper Egyptian farmers and concluded that there were observable continuities between the cultural and religious beliefs and practices of the fellahin and those of ancient Egyptians. More on the Fellah

Antoine Malliarakis Mayo, 1905 - 1990, EGYPTIAN
PETITS ARABES À ISMAILIA/ ARAB CHILDREN, ISMAILIA , c. 1934
Oil on board
35 by 26.5cm.; 13 3/4 by 10 1/2 in.
Private collection

Antoine Malliarakis Mayo,  was born in 1905 in Egypt, the son of a Greek engineer and a French mother. Although he kept a Greek passport throughout his life, he was culturally French and lived in France for half of his life after leaving Egypt. He came to France to study architecture but started frequenting artistic circles in the Paris of the roaring twenties and decided to become a painter instead. He made a living decorating cabarets and, later, designing costumes for stage productions, while continuing to paint. In 1944 his friend, writer Jacques Prévert, recommended him as costume designer for the classical period piece "Les Enfants du Paradis". The film was a hit and allowed Mayo to lead a 20-year career in French cinema, designing the costumes (and sometimes the scenery) of several classics. In the meantime, he also worked as art director on many commercials. With the early 60s, and the coming of the "Nouvelle Vague", period pieces became less frequent, and Mayo had less work offers. He ultimately decided to leave movies to concentrate on his paintings. Having moved to Rome, Italy, in the mid-sixties, he finally managed to make a good living with his paintings alone. Unfortunately, in the early eighties, Mayo gradually lost his eyesight. In 1984 he moved back to France and died in 1990, aged 85. More on Antoine Malliarakis Mayo





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Saturday, July 27, 2019

01 Paintings, The amorous game, Part 51 - With Footnotes

Otto Dix (1891 - 1969)
Matrose und Mädchen/ Sailor and girl, c. 1923
Lithograph in colours on printing paper
49 x 37 cm
Private collection

Otto Dix, (born December 2, 1891, Untermhaus, Thuringia, Germany—died July 25, 1969, Singen, Baden-Württemberg, Germany), German painter and engraver who mixed compassion and Expressionist despair to create works harshly critical of society. He was associated and exhibited with the Neue Sachlichkeit group of painters.

Son of a railway worker, Dix was apprenticed to a decorative artist and received training in Dresden. An Impressionist at first, he experimented with various trends in modern art until he arrived at a mordantly individual style, a nightmarish vision of contemporary social reality.  In 1924 he etched a 50-plate series recording the horrors of war.

Appointed a professor at the academy in Dresden (1927), Dix was elected to the Prussian Academy (1931). The Nazi regime, however, incensed at his antimilitary works, cancelled these affiliations and barred him from exhibiting. He was jailed in 1939 on a charge of complicity in a plot on Adolf Hitler’s life, but in 1945 he was drafted into the home guard army at the age of 53. He was captured and released by the French. Dix later turned to religious mysticism, as in Saul and David (1945) and Crucifixion (1946). More on Otto Dix





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01 Painting, Streets of Paris, by the artists of the time, Part 55 - With Footnotes

Maurice Utrillo, 1883 - 1955
MONTMARTRE, MOULIN À LA GALETTE
Gouache and watercolor on paper
13 1/4 by 19 1/2 in., 33.6 by 49.5 cm
Private collection

The Moulin de la Galette is a windmill and associated businesses situated near the top of the district of Montmartre in Paris. Since the 17th century the windmill has been known for more than just its milling capabilities. Nineteenth-century owners and millers, the Debray family, made a brown bread, galette, which became popular and thus the name of the windmill and its businesses, which have included a famous guinguette and restaurant. In the 19th century, Le Moulin de la Galette represented diversion for Parisians seeking entertainment, a glass of wine and bread made from flour ground by the windmill. Artists, such as Renoir, van Gogh, and Pissarro have immortalized Le Moulin de la Galette; likely the most notable was Renoir's festive painting, Bal du moulin de la Galette. More on The Moulin de la Galette

Maurice Utrillo, (26 December 1883 – 5 November 1955), was a French painter who specialized in cityscapes. Born in the Montmartre quarter of Paris, Utrillo is one of the few famous painters of Montmartre who was born there.

Utrillo was the son of the artist Suzanne Valadon, who was then an eighteen-year-old artist's model. She never revealed who was the father of her child. In 1891 a Spanish artist, Miguel Utrillo y Molins, signed a legal document acknowledging paternity, although the question remains as to whether he was in fact the child's father.


Suzanne's mother was left to raise the young Maurice, who soon showed a troubling inclination toward truancy and alcoholism. When a mental illness took hold of the 21-year-old Utrillo in 1904, his mother encouraged him to take up painting. He soon showed real artistic talent. With no training beyond what his mother taught him, he drew and painted what he saw in Montmartre. After 1910 his work attracted critical attention, and by 1920 he was internationally acclaimed. In 1928, the French government awarded him the Cross of the Légion d'honneur. Throughout his life, however, he was interned in mental asylums repeatedly.

In middle age Utrillo became fervently religious and in 1935, at the age of fifty-two, he married Lucie Valore and moved to Le Vesinet, just outside Paris. By that time, he was too ill to work in the open air and painted landscapes viewed from windows, from post cards, and from memory.

Although his life also was plagued by alcoholism, he lived into his seventies. More on Maurice Utrillo




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01 Paintings, MIDDLE EASTERN ART, With Footnotes - 23

Othman Khuzaim - الفنان عثمان الخزيم (Saudi)
Untitled, v. 2007
Mixed Media on Canvas
60x30cm

Othman Khuzaim الفنان عثمان الخزيم (Saudi) is one of the prominent names of the first generations of Saudi artists who participated in the establishment of the visual art procession including Al-Saleem, Al-Ridawi, Nabila Al Bassam and Safia Bin Zaqer. He is a graduate of the Institute of art Education for Teachers in Riyadh and holds a Diploma of Fine Arts Academy in Florence, Italy and was Chairman of the Fine Arts in the Saudi Arabian Society for Culture and Arts in Riyadh, 1985. He is a comprehensive artist and orator who is held in high regard by Arabic artists. Othman is considered as one of the last great creative visual artists in Riyadh. He is a veteran artist who lived in his age and continues to influence the age of youth. Othman is highly influential and has the ability to change the visual movement in Arabic society. More on  Othman Khuzaim 





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Saturday, July 20, 2019

01 Painting, The amorous game, Part 51 - With Footnotes

Johnny Popkess, United Kingdom
Holiday Romance
Oil on Canvas
24 W x 20.2 H x 1.4 in

Johnny Popkess was born in London, "I spent much of my early life in various fairly remote parts of Africa, developing a fondness for beauty in its most natural state - as things really are, rather than as they are often made to appear. I moved to the heart of Paris, within a stone's throw of the Sorbonne, the Louvre and my neighbour, the Musee d'Orsay, from where a love of art proved irresistible. 2011 was my debut year as a professional artist, one that saw my first solo exhibitions. My work is now hung in an ever growing group of fine art galleries throughout the UK, France, Germany Switzerland, Bahrain and South Africa, with recent exhibitions in Antwerp and Paris and a forthcoming one in Boston, planned for early 2018. 2014/2015 were both award winning years. 

My aim is to strip away the veneer of a subject and to capture a moment, not a dramatic one, something evocative perhaps, occasionally ordinary but always honest and without the need for a narrative. Art is nothing, if it does not speak... If the power of art is to move the soul, then I am influenced by an an army of giants of whom Caravaggio, Velasquez, Titian, Caillebot, Pizarro and Freud lead. 

I am a figurative artist with a passion for the human form. I portray the body as it should be seen, bold and proud, not hidden by layers of cliche. Painting exclusively with the finest oils on stretched linen canvas, my work is classically crafted in the Caravaggio tradition with a contemporary feel, depicting a moment in time. It is for the viewer to add the narrative." More on Johnny Popkess




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01 Painting, MIDDLE EASTERN ART, With Footnotes - 23

Inji Efflatoun, 1924 - 1989, EGYPTIAN
UNTITLED (FELOUKAS ON THE NILE), c. 1968
Oil on canvas
60.2 by 73.5cm.; 23 3/4 by 29in.
Private collection


A felucca is a traditional wooden sailing boat used in protected waters of the Red Sea and eastern Mediterranean, in Egypt and Sudan (particularly along the Nile), including Malta and Tunisia, and also in Iraq. Its rig consists of one or two lateen sails.

The crew consists of two or three people. Despite the availability of motorboats and ferries, feluccas are still in active use as a means of transport in Nile-adjacent cities like Aswan or Luxor. They are especially popular among tourists who can enjoy a quieter and calmer mood than motorboats have to offer. More on felucca

Inji Aflatoun was an Egyptian painter and activist in the women's movement. She was a "leading spokeswoman for the Marxist-progressive-nationalist-feminist movement in the late 1940s and 1950s", as well as a "pioneer of modern Egyptian art" and "one of the important Egyptian visual artists"

During school, Aflatoun liked to paint and her parents encouraged her. Her private art tutor, Kamel al-Timisani, a leader in an Egyptian Surrealist collective called the Art and Freedom Group, introduced her to surrealist and cubist aesthetics. She stopped painting from 1946 to 1948, considering that what she was painting no longer corresponded to her feelings. Her interest was later renewed after visiting Luxor, Nubia, and the Egyptian oases. During these trips, she had the opportunity to "penetrate the houses and sketch men and women at work". She studied for a year with the Egyptian-born Swiss artist Margo Veillon. During this period, she made individual exhibits in Cairo and Alexandria and showed at the Venice Biennale in 1952 and the São Paulo Art Biennial in 1956. In 1956 she became friends with and was later influenced by the Mexican painter David Alfaro Siqueiros.

 In 1942, she joined Iskra, a Communist youth party. After graduating from the Fuad I University in Cairo, she was, with Latifa al-Zayyat, a founding member in 1945 of the Rabitat Fatayat at jami'a wa al ma' ahid (League of University and Institutes' Young Women).

She was arrested and secretly imprisoned during Nasser's roundup of communists in 1959. After her release in 1963, Egypt's Communist party having been dissolved, she devoted most of her time to painting. She later declared: "Nasser, although he put me in prison, was a good patriot."

 She was able to continue painting during her imprisonment. Her early prison paintings are portraits, while the later are landscapes. In the years after her liberation, she exhibited in Rome and Paris in 1967, Dresden, East Berlin, Warsaw and Moscow in 1970, Sofia in 1974, Prague in 1975, New Delhi in 1979.[6] Her paintings are filled with "lively brushstrokes of intense color" reminding some observers of Van Gogh or Bonnard. Her art of later years is characterised by an increasing use of large white spaces around her forms. More on Inji Aflatoun




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01 Painting, Streets of Paris, by the artists of the time, Part 54 - With Footnotes

Gen Paul, 1895 - 1975
PLACE DU TERTRE
Oil on canvas
25 1/2 by 31 3/4 in., 64.8 by 80.7 cm
Private collection

The Place du Tertre is a square in the 18th arrondissement of Paris. Only a few streets away from Montmartre's Basilica of the Sacré Cœur and the Lapin Agile, it is near the summit of the city's elevated Montmartre quarter. Place du Tertre was the heart of the prestigious Benedictine Montmartre Abbey, established in 1133 by King Louis VI. Place du Tertre was opened to the public in 1635 as Montmartre village central square. From the end of the 18th century until World War One, the whole Montmartre Boheme could been seen here: painters, songwriters and poets.

With its many artists setting up their easels each day for the tourists, the Place du Tertre is a reminder of the time when Montmartre was the mecca of modern art. At the beginning of the 20th century, many painters including Pablo Picasso, Amedeo Modigliani, and Maurice Utrillo were living there.  More on Place du Tertre

Gen Paul (July 2, 1895 – April 30, 1975), was a French painter and engraver. Born in in Montmartre, he began drawing and painting as a child. Gen Paul was trained to work in decorative furnishings. He served in the French army during World War I and was wounded twice, losing one of his legs. During his convalescence, he returned to painting. Although Gen Paul never received any formal training, he made a living from his art for almost 60 years. While his early works reflected the influences of his friends in Montmartrel, he soon developed dynamic form of expressionism reflecting influences as varied as Toulouse-Lautrec, Van Gogh, Cézanne, Goya, Velázquez and El Greco. Due to the dynamism and motion inherent in his paintings, some consider Gen Paul to be the first action painter, a precursor to the abstract expressionists of the 1950s.

Gen Paul died at the Pitié-Salpêtrière Hospital in Paris on 30 April 1975. More on Gen Paul





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Sunday, July 14, 2019

01 Paintings, MIDDLE EASTERN ART, With Footnotes - 22

Ghasem Hajizadeh, B. 1947, IRANIAN
MARRIAGE PRIMEUR (FIRST MARRIAGE), c. 2008
Oil, pen, acrylic and plaster on paper laid on canvas 
81 by 60cm.; 32 by 23 1/2 in
Private collection

Ghasem Hajizadeh (orn April 1, 1947; Lahijan, Iran) is an Iranian–French painter and a pioneering Pop art figure in contemporary Iranian art.

Hajizadeh was born in 1947 in Lahijan, north of Iran. He received his diploma in arts from Tehran High School of Fine Arts in 1967 and soon after started his art career. During his early years, Hajizadeh's works were mostly abstract. However, he changed his style and concentrated on figurative art. During the 1960s and early 1970s, he was encouraged him to pursue pop art movement, which was thriving in the United States. In 1972, Hajizadeh participated in the first art exhibition, held by Iran–America Society.

While he held several solo and group exhibitions inside and outside post-revolution Iran, after establishment of the Islamic Republic, he could no longer run any public exhibitions for his work. In 1986, he fled to France, living and working in Paris. During his career in arts, his works have been shown in galleries and museum around the world. More on Ghasem Hajizadeh




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02 Paintings, The amorous game, Part 50 - With Footnotes

Juarez Machado, (b. 1941) 
Tango, 2005 
Gouache on paperJuarez Machado, Tango
02 Paintings, The amorous game, Part 50 - With Footnotes
50 x 36 cm - 19 11/16 x 14 3/16 in. 
Private collection

Juarez Machado was born in 1941 in the city of Joinville, in the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil. He studied at the School of Art in the state of Paranâ, in the city of Curitiba, and participated actively in its artistic movement. In 1966 he took up residence in Rio de Janeiro, intensifying his activities. In addition to painting he also dabbled in illustrating, scenography, sculpture, drawing and engraving.

He has received a number of awards in Brazilian galleries and other international prizes. Machado has been living in Paris since 1986 and has frequently exhibited his works in Europe and the USA. More on Juarez Machado


Juarez Machado, (b. 1941) 
Musicians, 2005 
Ink, charcoal and gouache on paper 
35.5 x 50.5 - 14 x 19 7/8 in. 
Private collection





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01 Painting, Streets of Paris, by the artists of the time, Part 54 - With Footnotes

LOUIS VAN DER POL, Dutch (1896-1982)
Paris Bar Scene
Oil on canvas
24 x 20 inches
Private collection

Louis Van Der Pol (Dutch, 1896-1982) was active in the 20th Century and lived in Holland. He was known for his large format elaborate romantic portrait paintings and city street scenes. He traveled to France often to pick up inspiration from the air of the artist scene. This piece is a fine example of his cityscape views of Paris during the early 20th Century. More on Louis Van Der Pol




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Saturday, July 13, 2019

01 Paintings, MIDDLE EASTERN ART, With Footnotes - 21

Paul Guiragossian, 1926-1993, LEBANESE
MÈRE ET ENFANT (MOTHER AND CHILD), c. 1987
Oil on canvas 
90 by 70cm.; 35 1/2 by 27 1/2 in.
Private collection

Paul Guiragossian (1926 – November 20, 1993) was an Armenian Lebanese painter. Born to Armenian parents, Paul Guiragossian experienced the consequences of exile from a very tender age. Raised in boarding schools, he grew up away from his mother who had to work to make sure her two sons got an education.

In the 1950s, Guiragossian started teaching art in several Armenian schools and worked as an illustrator. He later started his own business with his brother Antoine, painting cinema banners, posters and drawing illustrations for books. Soon after he was discovered for his art and introduced to his contemporaries after which he began exhibiting his works in Beirut and eventually all over the world.

In 1956, Guiragossian won the first prize in a painting competition, which landed him a scholarship by the Italian government to study at The Academy of Fine Arts of Florence.

In 1962, Guiragossian was granted another scholarship, this time by the French Government, to study and paint in Paris at Les Atelier Des Maîtres De L'Ecole De Paris.

By the mid 1960s Guiragossian had grown to become one of the most celebrated artists in Lebanon and eventually of the Arab world and even though war broke out in the early 1970s, his attachment to Lebanon grew bigger and his works became more colorful with messages of hope for his people.

In 1989, Guiragossian went to Paris to exhibit his works in La Salle Des Pas Perdus in UNESCO and lived in the city with part of his family until 1991. In that year, he had a solo exhibition at the Institut du Monde Arabe. This exhibition was extended and marked the first solo show at the IMA for any artist. More on Guiragossian




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Wednesday, July 10, 2019

01 Painting, MIDDLE EASTERN ART, With Footnotes - 20

Shakir Hassan Al-Said, 1925-2004, IRAQI
LADY WITH THE HAT, c. 1956 
Oil on canvas
45 by 32cm.; 17 3/4 by 12 1/2 in.
Private collection

Shakir Hassan Al Said (1925–2004), an Iraqi painter, sculptor and writer, is considered one of Iraq's most innovative and influential artists.

Born in Samawa, Al Said lived, worked and died in Bagdad. In 1948 he received  a degree in social science from the Higher Institute of Teachers in Baghdad and in 1954 a diploma in painting from the Institute of Fine Arts in Baghdad. He continued his studies at the École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts in Paris until 1959. During his stay in Paris, he discovered Western modern art in galleries and Sumerian art at the Louvre. He returned to Baghdad in 1959.

He co-founded in 1951 with Jawad Saleem Jama'et Baghdad lil Fann al-Hadith (Baghdad Modern Art Group), one of the most unusual arts movements in the Middle East in the post–World War II, itwas called Istilham al-turath (Seeking inspiration from tradition), considered as "the basic point of departure, to achieve through modern styles, a cultural vision". He headed the group after the death of Saleem in 1961.[12]

In 1971, he founded Al Bu'd al Wahad (the One-dimension Group)", which promoted the modern calligraphic school in Arab art.

His work is collected by major museums, such as Mathaf: Arab Museum of Modern Art in Doha, the Guggenheim in New York, and Sharjah Art Museum. More on Shakir Hassan Al Said 





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Thursday, July 4, 2019

01 Paintings, The amorous game, Part 49 - With Footnotes

Ralph Hedley, (British, 1848-1913)
Jack ashore, old Whitby 
Oil on canvas 
76.2 x 101.6cm (30 x 40in)
Private collection

Whitby is a town in North Yorkshire, historic county of Yorkshire, northeastern England. It is situated at the mouth of the River Esk on the North Sea.

Ralph Hedley (31 December 1848 – 14 June 1913) was a realist painter, woodcarver and illustrator, best known for his paintings portraying scenes of everyday life in the North East of England.

Born in Gilling West near Richmond, North Yorkshire, Ralph and his parents moved to Newcastle upon Tyne around 1850, on the wave of industrial opportunity. Aged about 13, he was apprenticed to Thomas Tweedy in his carving workshops, simultaneously studying art and design at the 'Government school' in Newcastle, and attending evening classes at the Life School under William Bell Scott. At the age of 14 he was awarded a bronze medal by government's Department of Art and Science.

After concluding his apprenticeship, Hedley established a successful woodcarving business, whilst also producing lithographs for the local press and taking every opportunity to work as an artist. He had the first of many paintings accepted for exhibition at the Royal Academy in 1879. Joining with Henry Hetherington Emmerson and Robert Jobling, they founded the Bewick Club which encouraged and exhibited the work of the local artists of the North East, staging the first exhibition in 1884. More on Ralph Hedley




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