Wednesday, May 11, 2016

19 Paintings by the Masters, Women of 19th Century Europe

glackens, william james spanish lady | figure | sotheby's n09484lot8prgsen:
William James Glackens, 1870 - 1938
Oil on canvas
14 1/8 by 18 1/4 inches, (36.2 by 46 cm)

William James Glackens (March 13, 1870 – May 22, 1938) was an American realist painter and one of the founders of the Ashcan School of American art. He is also known for his work in helping Albert C. Barnes to acquire the European paintings that form the nucleus of the famed Barnes Foundation in Philadelphia. His dark-hued, vibrantly painted street scenes and depictions of daily life in pre-WW I New York and Paris first established his reputation as a major artist. His later work was brighter in tone and showed the strong influence of Renoir. During much of his career as a painter, Glackens also worked as an illustrator for newspapers and magazines in Philadelphia and New York City. More

miller, richard edward black mant | figurative | sotheby's n09484lot92j5cen:
Richard Edward Miller, 1875-1943
Oil on canvas
36 1/4 by 34 1/4 inches, (92.1 by 87 cm)

Richard E. Miller (March 22, 1875 – January 23, 1943) was an American Impressionist painter and a member of the Giverny Colony of American impressionists. Miller was primarily a figurative painter, known for his paintings of women posing languidly in interiors or outdoor settings. Miller grew up in St. Louis, studied in Paris, and then settled in Giverny. Upon his return to America, he settled briefly in Pasadena, California and then in the art colony of Provincetown, Massachusetts, where he remained for the rest of his life. Miller was a member of the National Academy of Design in New York and an award winning painter in his era, honored in both France and Italy, and a winner of France's Legion of Honor. Over the past several decades, he has been the subject of a retrospective exhibition and his work has been reproduced extensively in exhibition catalogs and featured in a number of books on American Impressionism. More

marquet, albert portrait de la mère | figures | sotheby's n09498lot8z59ten:
Albert Marquet, 1875 - 1947
Oil on canvas
25 5/8 by 21 1/4 in., 65 by 54 cm

Albert Marquet (27 March 1875 – 14 June 1947) was a French painter, associated with the Fauvist movement. He initially became one of the Fauve painters and a lifelong friend of Henri Matisse. Marquet subsequently painted in a more naturalistic style, primarily landscapes, but also several portraits and, between 1910 and 1914, several female nude paintings. More

renoir, pierre-auguste femme en chem | figures | sotheby's n09498lot3zwm8en:
Pierre-Auguste Renoir, 1841-1919
Oil on canvas
16 by 13 1/8 in., 40.6 by 33.4 cm

Pierre-Auguste Renoir, commonly known as Auguste Renoir (25 February 1841 – 3 December 1919), was a French artist who was a leading painter in the development of the Impressionist style. As a celebrator of beauty, and especially feminine sensuality, it has been said that "Renoir is the final representative of a tradition which runs directly from Rubens to Watteau."

He was the father of actor Pierre Renoir (1885–1952), filmmaker Jean Renoir (1894–1979) and ceramic artist Claude Renoir (1901–69). He was the grandfather of the filmmaker Claude Renoir (1913–1993), son of Pierre. More

renoir, pierre-auguste femme au cors | figures | sotheby's n09498lot3zwm6en:
Pierre-Auguste Renoir, 1841-1919
Oil on canvas
15 3/4 by 12 3/8 in., 40 by 31.4 cm

bonnard, pierre deux dames avec chat | figures | sotheby's n09498lot63vn9en:
Pierre Bonnard, 1867 - 1947
Oil on cradled panel
18 1/8 by 14 5/8 in., 46 by 37.1 cm

Pierre Bonnard (3 October 1867 — 23 January 1947) was a French painter and printmaker, as well as a founding member of the Post-Impressionist group of avant-garde painters Les Nabis. Bonnard preferred to work from memory, using drawings as a reference, and his paintings are often characterized by a dreamlike quality. The intimate domestic scenes, for which he is perhaps best known, often include his wife Marthe de Meligny.

Bonnard has been described as "the most thoroughly idiosyncratic of all the great twentieth- century painters", and the unusual vantage points of his compositions rely less on traditional modes of pictorial structure than voluptuous color, poetic allusions and visual wit. Identified as a late practitioner of Impressionism in the early 20th century, Bonnard has since been recognized for his unique use of color and his complex imagery. "It’s not just the colors that radiate in a Bonnard", writes Roberta Smith, "there’s also the heat of mixed emotions, rubbed into smoothness, shrouded in chromatic veils and intensified by unexpected spatial conundrums and by elusive, uneasy figures. More

File:Jean Béraud Le Cafe de Paris.jpg
Jean Béraud, (1849–1935)
Le Cafe de Paris
Oil on panel
55.3 × 35 cm (21.8 × 13.8 in)

Café de Paris is a London nightclub, located in the West End, beside Leicester Square on Coventry Street, Piccadilly. It opened in 1924 and subsequently featured such performers as Dorothy Dandridge, Marlene Dietrich, Harry Gold, Harry Roy, Ken Snakehips Johnson and Maxine Cooper Gomberg. Louise Brooks made history when she worked there in December 1924, introducing the Charleston (dance) to London.

Much of the early success of the Café de Paris was due to the visit of the then Prince of Wales who became a regular guest, often dining with notables from high society across Europe. Cole Porter was a regular, as was the Aga Khan. More

Jean Béraud (January 12, 1849 – October 4, 1935) was a French painter, noted for his paintings of Parisian life during the Belle Époque. He was renowned in Paris society due to his numerous paintings depicting the life of Paris, and the nightlife of Paris society. He also painted religious subjects in a contemporary setting. Pictures of the Champs Elysees, cafés, Montmartre and the banks of the Seine are precisely detailed illustrations of everyday Parisian era of the "Belle Époque". More

toulouse lautrec, henri de au bois d | animals | sotheby's n09498lot3svfyen:
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, 1864 - 1901
Oil on canvas
22 by 18 1/4 in., 55.9 by 46.4 cm

Henri Marie Raymond de Toulouse-Lautrec-Monfa (24 November 1864 – 9 September 1901), also known as Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec was a French painter, printmaker, draughtsman and illustrator whose immersion in the colourful and theatrical life of Paris in the late 19th century allowed him to produce a collection of enticing, elegant and provocative images of the modern, sometimes decadent, life of those times. Toulouse-Lautrec is among the best-known painters of the Post-Impressionist period, alongside Cézanne, Van Gogh and Gauguin. In a 2005 auction at Christie's auction house, La Blanchisseuse, his early painting of a young laundress, sold for US$22.4 million and set a new record for the artist for a price at auction. More

boldini, giovanni portrait of celia | beauties | sotheby's n09499lot8wv89en:
Giovanni Boldini, 1842 - 1931
Oil on canvas
86 5/8 by 47 1/2 in., 220 by 120 cm

MISS CELIA TOBIN WEDS C. W. CLARK, THE SON OF MONTANA MILLIONAIRE. With Unpretentious Rites, and in Presence of a Few Relatives, the Bride Is Married in the House Where She Was Born— They Will Live at San Mateo on the Walter Hobart Place Recently Purchased for a Residence

It was a very pleasant home wedding at which Miss Celia Tobin of this city yesterday became the wife of Charles W. Clark. The bride is the second daughter of Mrs. Mary Tobin, 1021 California street. The groom is the eldest son of Senator Clark, the multimillionaire mine owner of Montana. In accordance with the wishes of the young persons most interested, as well as of the relatives of Mrs. Clark, the wedding was wholly without ostentation and every feature was marked with the utmost simplicity. This was in perfect keeping with Miss Celia Tobin's quiet tastes. The city clocks marked the meridian hour when the bridal party took their places In the rose-decorated parlor before the famous copy of Murillo's masterpiece, the Madonna, from the Prado gallery in Madrid. Archbishop Montgomery, assisted by Vicar General Prendergast, spoke the words and received the responses that united Charles Clark and Celia Tobin in matrimony. R. N. Tobin acted as best man, while... California Digital Newspaper Collection

Giovanni Boldini (31 December 1842 in Ferrara, Italy – 11 July 1931 in Paris, France) was an Italian genre and portrait painter. According to a 1933 article in Time magazine, he was known as the "Master of Swish" because of his flowing style of painting. More

blaas, eugen von venetians at the b | beauties | sotheby's n09499lot9272fen:
Eugen von Blaas, 1843 - 1931
Oil on canvas
47 3/8 by 35 1/4 in., 120.3 by 89.5 cm

Eugene de Blaas, (24 July 1843 – 10 February 1932), was an Italian painter in the school known as Academic Classicism. He was born at Albano, near Rome, to Austrian parents. His father Karl, also a painter, was his teacher. The family moved to Venice when Karl became Professor at the Academy of Venice. He often painted scenes in Venice, but also portraits and religious paintings. More

lhermitte, léon-augustin maternité | children | sotheby's n09499lot85prlen:
Léon-Augustin Lhermitte, 1844 - 1925
Oil on canvas
23 1/8 by 17 7/8 in., 58.8 by 45.4 cm

Léon Augustin Lhermitte (31 July 1844, Mont-Saint-Père – 28 July 1925, Paris) was a French realist painter and etcher whose primary subject matter was of rural scenes depicting the peasant worker. He was a student of Lecoq de Boisbaudran, he gained recognition after his show in the Paris Salon in 1864.

His many awards include the French Legion of Honour (1884) and the Grand Prize at the Exposition Universelle in 1889.

Lhermitte’s innovative use of pastels won him the admiration of his contemporaries. Vincent van Gogh wrote that "If every month Le Monde Illustré published one of his compositions ... it would be a great pleasure for me to be able to follow it. It is certain that for years I have not seen anything as beautiful as this scene by Lhermitte ... I am too preoccupied by Lhermitte this evening to be able to talk of other things." More

File:Léon Augustin Lhermitte, Motherhood.jpeg
Léon Augustin Lhermitte (1844–1925)
Motherhood, circa 1876
Pastel on paper

ribot, théodule la diseuse de bonne | figures | sotheby's n09499lot8tysren:
Théodule Ribot, 1823 - 1891
The Fortune Teller
Oil on canvas
23 1/2 by 28 3/4 in., 59.7 by 73 cm

Théodule-Augustin Ribot (August 8, 1823 – September 11, 1891) was a French realist painter and printmaker. He was born in Saint-Nicolas-d'Attez, and studied at the École des Arts et Métiers de Châlons before moving to Paris in 1845. There he found work decorating gilded frames for a mirror manufacturer. Although he received a measure of artistic training while working as an assistant to Auguste-Barthélémy Glaize, Ribot was mostly self-taught as a painter. After a trip to Algeria around 1848, he returned in 1851 to Paris, where he continued to make his living as an artisan. In the late 1850s, working at night by lamplight, he began to paint seriously, depicting everyday subjects in a realistic style.

He made his Salon debut in 1861 with four paintings of kitchen subjects. Collectors purchased the works, and his paintings in the Salons of 1864 and 1865 were awarded medals.

Ribot painted domestic genre works, still-lifes, portraits, as well as religious scenes. His preference was for painting directly from nature, emphasizing the contrasts of light and dark. His use of chiaroscuro to suggest psychological states grew from his admiration for Spanish and Dutch baroque masters. Members of Ribot's family are the likely models for many of his figure compositions, in which the subjects engage in humble activities, such as preparing meals or gathering in groups to read to each other. The light draws attention to faces and hands, which emerge sharply from dimly lit surroundings.

Although the realism of Ribot's work aligns him with the most progressive artists of the generation preceding the Impressionists, he was no revolutionary, and his work met with a generally favorable response from the public and from critics.

In 1878 Ribot received the Légion d'honneur. At about this time, in ill health, he stopped painting and moved to Colombes, where he died in 1891. More

gervex, henri rolla | beauties | sotheby's l16101lot4w3x5en:
Henri Gervex, 1852 - 1929
ROLLA, 1878
oil on canvas
86 by 108.5 cm., 33¾ by 43¾ in
Musée des Beaux-Arts de Bordeaux

"Everyone trooped in front of the canvas which was already famous before it entered the Salon…However, hardly had it been hung on the wall when the surintendant des Beaux- Arts, Turquet, gave the order that it be removed on grounds of immorality, with the complicity of the Salon jury…that’s when an art dealer offered to exhibit Rolla at his shop on the Chaussée-d’Antin… For three months there was an uninterrupted procession of visitors with a queue of carriages backed up to the Opera'" - Henri Gervex. More

Henri Gervex (Paris 10 December 1852 – 7 June 1929) was a French painter who studied painting under Alexandre Cabanel, Pierre-Nicolas Brisset and Eugène Fromentin. His early work belonged almost exclusively to the mythological genre, which served as an excuse for the painting of the nude, but not always in the best of taste. His Rolla of 1878, based on a poem by Alfred de Musset, was rejected by the jury of the Salon de Paris for immorality, since it depicted a scene from the poem of a naked prostitute after having sex with her client.

Gervex afterwards devoted himself to representations of modern life and achieved signal success with his Dr Péan at the Salpétrière ("The Operation"), a modernized paraphrase, as it were, of Rembrandt's Anatomy Lesson. More

File:Gervex The operation.jpg
Henri Gervex, 1852 - 1929
 Jules-Émile Péan and his surgery class before the operation, 1889
oil on canvas
242x188 cm
Musee d'Orsay, Paris, France

Henri Gervex, 1852 - 1929, see above

boldini, giovanni signora diaz albe | portrait | sotheby's l16101lot8zwz7en:
Giovanni Boldini, 1842 - 1931
oil on canvas
104.5 by 97.5 cm., 41 by 38½ in

Giovanni Boldini, 1842 - 1931, see above

blaas, eugen von a stolen glance | genre scene | sotheby's l16101lot8wtjyen:
Eugen von Blaas, 1843 - 1931
oil on panel
78 by 39 cm., 30¾ by 15¼ in.

Eugen von Blaas, 1843 - 1931, see above

stuck, franz von domino | portrait | sotheby's l16101lot8pj4sen:
Franz von Stuck. 1863 - 1928
oil on board
82.5 by 37.5 cm., 32½ by 14¾ in

Franz Stuck (February 23, 1863 – August 30, 1928) was a German painter, sculptor, engraver, and architect. In 1906, Stuck was awarded the Verdienstorden der Bayerischen Krone and was henceforth known as Franz Ritter von Stuck. More

wegmann, bertha tender moments | portrait | sotheby's l16101lot924jlen:
Bertha Wegmann, 1847 - 1926
oil on canvas
114 by 93 cm., 45 by 36¾ in.

Bertha Wegmann (16 December 1846, Soglio, Switzerland – 22 February 1926, Copenhagen) was a Danish portrait painter of German ancestry. At the age of five, her family moved to Copenhagen, where her father became a merchant. He was an art lover and spent much of his spare time painting. She showed an interest in drawing at an early age, but received no formal education until she was nineteen, when she began taking lessons.

Two years later, with the support of her parents, she moved to Munich and lived there until 1881. At first, she studied with the historical painter Wilhelm von Lindenschmit the Younger, later with the genre painter Eduard Kurzbauer, but she was not satisfied with learning in a studio atmosphere and decided to study directly from nature. She made friends with the Swedish painter, Jeanna Bauck, and took several study trips to Italy with her. In 1881, they moved to Paris where Wegmann exhibited at several salons and received an "honorable mention".

The next year, she returned to Copenhagen, where she was already well-known from works she had been exhibiting at the Charlottenborg Palace since 1873. Four years later, she became the first woman to hold a chair at the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts. From that year through 1907, she was a member of the board for the "Tegne- og Kunstindustriskolen for Kvinder" (Drawing and Art Industrial School for Women). She continued to exhibit widely and represented Denmark at several world's fairs, including the World's Columbian Exhibition in Chicago. In 1892, she became one of the first women to receive the royal Ingenio et Arti medal. Wegmann died suddenly while at work in her studio. More

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Acknowledgement: Sothebey's,