Saturday, August 1, 2015

29 Classic Works of Art, Marine and Seascape Paintings - Know the artists, and the stories behind their paintings - 3

Dean Morrissey
The Lightship
Hand Signed
Limited Edition Print Of: 550
Size: 20"w X 15"h

The Inhabitants Of His "great Kettles" Book Series Have A Far Greater Impact On Our World Than We Could Imagine. The Spring Solstice, For Instance, Is When The Cool Beacon Of Winter Is Replaced With The Warm Summer Sun. Designed To Bring About Lighter, Longer Days, It Is The Job Of The Lantern Keeper, Maura Bump, And Her Vessel The Lightship To See That The Golden Amber Ball Is Fixed Radiantly In The Sky And That The Long-awaited Spring Arrives. More

JAMES BARD American, 1815-1897 
Portrait of the sidewheeler Neversink
Signed lower right "Drawn & Painted by James Bard 1866"
Oil on canvas, 28.5" x 44"

Sidewheeler a vessel, esp a river boat, propelled by two large paddle wheels, one on each side.

James Bard was a marine artist of the 19th century. He is known for his paintings of watercraft, particularly of steamboats. His works are sometimes characterized as naïve art. Although Bard died poor and almost forgotten, his works have since become valuable. Bard had a twin brother, John (1815–1856) and they collaborated on earlier works. 

James Bard and John Bard were born in 1815 in New York City. Their father had been born in England. Their mother was born in Scotland. They had at least two brothers, two three sisters. Sometime before 1843, Bard married Harriet DeGroot, who was six years older than he was. They had six children, but between 1843 and 1856 five of them died. Only their daughter Ellen survived. Harriet's brother, Albert DeGroot, later became a steamboat captain and a wealthy man, who commissioned a number of works by James Bard. More

FREDERICK JOHN MULHAUPT American, 1871-1938 
"Grey Day Guinea Boats"
Signed lower right "Mulhaupt"
Titled verso "Grey Day Guinea Boats Gloucester 1924"
Oil on board, 8" x 10"

Frederick Mulhaupt; known for his skillful depictions of the landscape and seascapes of Cape Ann, Massachusetts, Frederick Mulhaupt was very much a part of that region's art community in the early part of the 20th century.  His paintings, especially the working harbor scenes, captured the essence of the area, which was already a favorite spot of famous painters such as Winslow Homer and Fitz Hugh Lane. More

Thomas Buttersworth (Isle of Wight 1768-1842 London)
The arrival of H.M. King George IV in the Firth of Forth, on August 1822, aboard H.M.Y. Royal George, accompanied by the Royal flotilla, for the first visit of a reigning Monarch to Scotland since 1650
signed 'T Buttersworth' (lower left)
oil on canvas
14 x 22 in


HMS Royal George was a 100-gun first-rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, built at Woolwich Dockyard and launched on 18 February 1756. The largest warship in the world at the time of launching, she saw service during the Seven Years' War including being Admiral Sir Edward Hawke's flagship at the Battle of Quiberon Bay and later taking part in the Battle of Cape St Vincent. She sank undergoing routine maintenance work whilst anchored off Portsmouth on 29 August 1782 with the loss of more than 800 lives, one of the most serious maritime losses to occur in British waters. More

THOMAS BUTTERSWORTH, SR. English, 1768-1842 
Cutters Racing in the Channel of the Seven Sisters
Unsigned. 
Oil on canvas
18" x 24"

The Seven Sisters are a series of chalk cliffs by the English Channel. They form part of the South Downs in East Sussex, between the towns of Seaford and Eastbourne in southern England. They are within the Seven Sisters Country Park which is bounded by the coast, the Cuckmere and the A259 road. They are the remnants of dry valleys in the chalk South Downs, which are gradually being eroded by the sea. More

Thomas Buttersworth (5 May 1768 – November 1842) was an English seaman of the Napoleonic wars period who became a marine painter. He produced works to commission, and was little exhibited during his lifetime. More

WILLIAM GAY YORKE New York/Canada/England, 1817-1892 
Tugboat Honeysuckle
Signed lower left "William G. Yorke 99 Prospect St. Brooklyn"
Oil on canvas,
22" x 34"

USS Honeysuckle (1862) was a steamer acquired by the Union Navy during the American Civil War. She was used by the Navy as a gunboat to patrol navigable waterways of the Confederacy to prevent the South from trading with other countries. At war's end, she was converted to a storeship before eventually being decommissioned.

Honeysuckle sailed to Tampa, Florida, at war's end, and thence to New York where she decommissioned 30 June 1865. Sold to a private buyer, she became merchant ship Honeysuckle late in 1865 and remained active until 1900. More

William Howard Yorke grew up fast under the tutelage of his artist-father William Gay Yorke in the Port of Liverpool. Born in Canada, he came to the port city as a child in 1855 with his family, where he remained the rest of his career and life. Yorke’s earliest known painting, a ship portrait of BENARES in the Mystic Seaport Maritime Museum collection is dated 1858, making the child an artist at eleven!. While it is known that his father left for America in 1871, the son stayed behind.

A serious devotion to his profession made Yorke a success, especially among the captains and working sailors from the ships he portrayed, with many of his paintings traveling home with them to America, and other ports abroad. His finely detailed ship portraits would be precise enough to earn their admiration, and artistic enough to appeal to a broad audience in Liverpool. More

ANTONIO NICOLO GASPARO JACOBSEN Danish/American, 1850-1921 
The American passenger vessel Caroll
Signed and dated lower right "A. Jacobsen 1918" 
Oil on canvas
20" x 36"

The Caroll. In 1863 William P. Williams of New York commissioned a quintet of wooden steamships in the belief that as the civil war continued it would create a market for new steamers for either civil or naval purposes.  

Williams’ gamble paid off, all five were purchased by the U.S. The steamers Galatea  Glaucus, Nereus, Neptune, and Proteus were all named for sea gods in Greek mythology and all became U.S.S. Galatea etc.  Every one of the vessels was engaged in enforcing the blockade of the southern ports. On July 12 1865, four of the vessels were acquired by agents for the Baltimore and Ohio Railway, The Proteus was re-named the Carroll, to be used as a first-class steamship service between Baltimore and Liverpool which began in 1865. By 1868 it was clear that the vessels were too small and slow to provide the service.

In 1870-71 the three vessels were sold to F. Nickerson and Company of Boston who were already operating a Boston – Halifax – Charlottetown service. The ex-naval vessel was put on the run about 1872. By the end of 1892 the Boston, Halifax and Prince Edward Island Steamship Company was insolvent.  The two worn out steamers were sold out of service and were scrapped in Boston Harbour in 1894. More

Antonio Nicolo Gasparo Jacobsen (November 2, 1850 – February 2, 1921) was a Danish-born American maritime artist known as the "Audubon of Steam Vessels". He was born in Copenhagen, Denmark where he attended the Royal Academy of Design before heading across the Atlantic Ocean. He arrived in the United States in August 1873. He settled in West Hoboken, New Jersey (now Union City, New Jersey), across the Hudson River from Manhattan and New York Harbor, its port filled with ships from America and around the world. Jacobsen got his start painting pictures of ships on safes, and as his reputation grew, he was asked to do portraits of ships by their owners, captains and crew members, with many of his works sold for five dollars.

Jacobsen painted more than 6,000 portraits of sail and steam vessels, making him "the most prolific of marine artists". Many of his commissions came from sea captains, and Jacobsen was chosen both for the accuracy of his work and his low fee. More

GERRIT ALBERTUS BENEKER American, 1882-1934 
"Blue Day, Provincetown"
Signed and dated lower right "Gerrit A. Beneker '25"
Oil on canvas
20" x 16"

Gerrit Albertus Beneker (January 26, 1882 – October 23, 1934) was an American painter and illustrator best known for his paintings of industrial scenes and for his poster work in World War I. He was born in Grand Rapids, Michigan. He first studied at the Chicago Art Institute, later he transferred to the Art Students League in New York.[

In July 1918, Beneker was hired, under the title of "Expert Aid, Navy Department", to create posters and illustrations for the war effort. It was in this period that he painted his most familiar work, "Sure We'll Finish the Job", which sold over three million copies. Later he spent four years painting workers as part of a labor-management relations improvement projects. More

WILLIAM PIERCE STUBBS American, 1842-1909 
The three-masted schooner Maggie G. Hart
Signed lower left "William P. Stubbs"
Oil on canvas
22" x 36"

William Pierce Stubbs (1842–1909). American sea painter William Pierce Stubbs was born in Bucksport, Maine in 1842. As the son of sea captain Rhis childhood years were filled with a fascination for the sea and the great sailing ships. Little is known about the early period of his life, but from the knowledgeable quality shown in his skilled ship portraits, it is evident that he served at least some time at sea.

With no formal art training, Stubbs achieved considerable success as a ship's portraitist. In 1876, he opened his first studio in Boston. He was painting marine portraits exclusively by 1877.

In 1894 the artist developed a growing melancholia and was committed to the Worcester state hospital where he died in 1909. More


WALTER LOFTHOUSE DEAN Massachusetts, 1854-1912 
Marblehead Harbor with Eastern Yacht Club and Marblehead Light
Signed lower left "W.L. Dean"
Oil on canvas
12" x 18"

WALTER LOFTHOUSE DEAN Massachusetts, 1854-1912 
PEACE,THE WHITE SQUADRON IN BOSTON HARBOR, 1891
American warship "Chicago" in Boston Harbor
Oil on Canvas
9 × 6.25 ft or 274 × 191 cm

The "White Squadron" was a transitional unit in the United States Navy, during the late 19th century. Composed of the protected cruisers USS Atlanta, USS Boston, USS Chicago, and dispatch boats USS Dolphin, USS Bennington and USS Yorktown. Rear Admiral John G. Walker served as its Commander with Chicago as his flagship. It was influential in the beginning of steel shipbuilding in the United States.

In 1891, the White Squadron commenced a tour of the Great Lakes More

Walter Lofthouse Dean (June 4, 1854 - March 13, 1912) was an American marine-landscape painter, commodore of the Boston Yacht Club and Vice President of the Boston Art Club. While Dean is primarily known for marine paintings from the Boston, Massachusetts region, he also developed many charcoal, pen and pencil drawings, watercolors and oil paintings of non-marine topics, including still life, architecture and landscapes. Dean was a recognized artist while he was alive and was listed in the 1903 Men of Massachusetts, along with Who's Who in American Art. Dean's most famous painting, Peace (see above: ,PEACE,THE WHITE SQUADRON IN BOSTON HARBOR), is owned by the US Government and was exhibited at the Chicago World's Fair in May–October 1893. More

WILLIAM ZORACH American, 1887-1966 
Provincetown
Signed in pencil lower right "William Zorach" 
Woodcut on woven paper
size 11.5" x 9"

William Zorach (February 28, 1887 – November 15, 1966) was a Lithuanian-born American sculptor, painter, printmaker, and writer. He won the Logan Medal of the arts. Gorfinkel was born into a Lithuanian family and emigrated with his family to the United States in 1894. Zorach stayed in Ohio for almost 15 years pursuing his artistic endeavors. He worked as a lithographer and went on to study painting at the Cleveland School of Art. In 1908, Zorach moved to New York in enroll in the National Academy of Design. In 1910, Zorach moved to Paris, to continue his artistic training at the La Palette art school.

Zorach was marry to Marguerite on December 24, 1912, in New York City. Both William and Marguerite were heavily influenced by cubism and fauvism. They are credited as being among the premiere artists to introduce European modernist styles to American modernism. During the next seven years, Zorach established himself as a painter.

Zorach was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Letters in 1953, and received a D.F.A. from Bates College in 1964. He taught at the Art Students League of New York, between 1929 and 1960. He continued to actively work as an artist until his death in Bath, Maine, on November 15, 1966. More

William James Aylward, Coming to America
William James Aylward
COMING TO AMERICA
Dimensions: 28 x 40 in
Medium: oil on canvas
Signed

William James Aylward
Night Battle
20 X 30 in (50.8 X 76.2 cm)
Ooil on panel

WILLIAM JAMES AYLWARD American, 1875-1956 
"Studding Sails"
Signed lower left "To W.H. Greuby W.J. Aylward"
Titled verso
Possibly presented to William Henry Grueby of Grueby Pottery
Oil on board
14" x 14"

William James Aylward (September 5, 1875 - February 26, 1956) was a war artist for the United States Army during World War I. He was born September 5, 1875 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin and developed an early interest in things nautical because his father built and owned Great Lakes ships. Much of the work from his early career reflects that influence. He studied art at the Art Institute of Chicago, at the Art Students' League in New York City. 

Aylward began his professional career by writing and illustrating 18th century marine history for magazines. He combined his interest in the sea and his abilities as an illustrator to produce advertisements featuring nautical themes. Aylward was an award-winning artist and received a number of prestigious prizes such as the Salmagundi Club's Shaw Purchase Prize and the Philadelphia Color Club's Beck Prize for his work before the war.

During the war Aylward concentrated his efforts on recording the activities of the ports and transportation systems developed to support industrial warfare. Some of his best wartime work was done at the port of Marseilles after the armistice when he had the time to paint in some detail. Following the war, he exhibited at the Paris Salon in 1924 and the National Academy of Design in 1925.

He died February 26, 1956 and is buried in Bath National Cemetery, Bath, New York. More

JEROME HOWES American, b. 1955 
Yachting scene with the Sandy Hook lighthship in the background
Signed lower right "Jerome Howes"
Oil on board
12" x 24


JEROME HOWES American, b. 1955 
"Yachts Racing, Nantucket, Mass." Lighthouse in background
Signed lower left "Jerome Howes"
Oil on masonite
18" x 24"

JEROME HOWES American, b. 1955 
Portrait of the ship Race Point
Signed lower right "Jerome Howes". 
Oil on masonite
22" x 40"


Jerome Howes, b. 1955 . Largely self-taught, Jerome Howes devoted himself to painting in 1994 and quickly gained a wide-spread following on his native Cape Cod, and Nantucket and Martha’s Vineyard. He specializes in marine subjects, having acquired a deep appreciation of the marine art tradition from his father, a paintings and antiques dealer in Brewster, Massachusetts, who had an extensive private collection of 19th Century ship portraits. More

ATTRIBUTED TO THOMAS WILLIS Connecticut, 1850-1925 
Two-masted American schooner at sea
Unsigned 
Oil on canvas with applied silkwork
18" x 24"


Thomas Willis (1850-1925) American. Born in Connecticut, the artist moved to New York City where he was employed in the manufacture and sales of silk thread. In 1880, he ventured into business for himself, taking commissions from owners to portray their well-known New York area yachts. As his reputation grew, he received many commissions from the elite New York Yacht Club.

Proving himself an adept creator of oil on canvas backgrounds (often with Long Island Sound as backdrop), he employed fine satin and plush velvet for the vessels' hulls. With intricate embroidery to accurately describe flags, rigging, and details, his unique artform may only be subscribed as a success.

From the most proper Victorian Age, works by Willis are individual pieces of Americana which serve as mementoes of the magnificent yachts in the great ‘city of ships’ around the turn of the century, during a height of upper class society widest involvement in maritime endeavors. Recently his grandson corrected his date of death as 1925, from previous published versions listing it as 1912. More

HENRY JARVIS PECK American, 1880-1964 
The ship Eleanor of Glasgow tied up at dock
Signed lower right "Henry J. Peck"
Charcoal with gouache on paper
7.5" x 19.5


Henry Jarvis Peck, 1880 - 1964. Painter, illustrator, etcher and writer, Henry Jarvis Peck was born in Galesburg, Illinois on June 10, 1880.

Peck was a pupil of the Rhode Island School of Design and then with the artist and illustrator Eric Pape at his school in Annisquam, Massachusetts, for two years.  Later he studied with George L.Noyes, also in Annisquam.

In December 1901, Peck went to Wilmington, Delaware to study with Howard Pyle for three years. Peck worked with Pyle for about three years.  He returned to the East Coast - Warren, Rhode Island in particular - during the summers, and the influence of the New England environment can be seen in his work. 

Peck spent time in France in 1918, eventually returning to Rhode Island.  There he established a studio while also maintaining a studio in New York for a number of years. 

He painted primarily marine and rural subjects in addition to writing and illustrating several works in collaboration with his brother, Walter. Peck was a member of the Providence Art Club, the Providence Water Color Club, the South County Art Association and the North Shore Art Association. Socially, the artist was a member of the Greenroom Club, a local theatrical group, and he also played violin with the Wilmington Orchestra.  

The artist died in Kingston, Massachusetts in 1964.  More

GORDON HOPE GRANT American, 1875-1962 
The ship model builder
Signed in pencil lower right margin "Gordon Grant"
Numbered in pencil lower left 69/100
Etching on paper
8" x 11"


Gordon Grant (1875-1962) Born in San Francisco. At age 12 sailed around the Horn to London, England to study art at the Heatherly and Lambeth Schools. Returning to his native city in the 1890s, he was an illustrator for the Examiner. He maintained a studio in NYC at 137 East 66th Street throughout most of his career, but was active in California as a member and exhibitor of the California Printmakers and California Society of Etchers. Grant was the author-illustrator of Ships Under Sail (1941) and The Secret Voyage (1943). He died in NYC on May 7, 1962. More

VERNON GEORGE BROE Maine, 1930-2011 
Four catboats at sunset
Signed lower left "Vern Broe"
Oil on canvas board
9" x 12"

VERNON GEORGE BROE Maine, 1930-2011 
Catboats in a cove
Signed lower left "Vern Broe"
Oil on canvas board
9" x 12"


Vernon George Broe was an American painter who was born in 1930. Several works by the artist have been sold at auction, including 'Catboats at dusk' sold at Eldred's Auction and Appraisal Services 'Contemporary Paintings' in 2014. The artist died in 2011. More

AMES GALE TYLER Connecticut, 1855-1931 
Fisherman Company
Signed and dated lower right "J.G. Tyler 1883"
Oil on panel
10" x 15"


James G. Tyler (1855-1931) was one of the most notable maritime painters and illustrators of his day. At the age of 15, he moved from Oswego, New York to New York City in order to study under the great marine artist Archibald Cary Smith. This brief tutelage was the only formal art training Tyler ever received.

Tyler worked in New York and Providence, RI, but lived mainly in Greenwich, CT from the mid 1870s until his death in 1931. He received a number of important commissions during his lifetime, and was a regularly contributing writer and illustrator for some of the major publications of the time.

From 1900 to 1930, Tyler traveled each year to Newport, Rhode Island, where he painted scenes from and associated with the America's Cup Race. Most of these paintings were commissioned; the remaining works were widely exhibited and critically acclaimed. He depicted a wide variety of boats, harbor and coastal scenes, seascapes, and nocturnal scenes, with ships returning to port under cover of night. More

AFTER MARSHALL JOHNSON Early 20th Century 
A full-rigged ship off the coast
Signed with a pictograph of an anchor
Inscribed verso "Copy of Johnson"
Oil on canvas
25" x 30"

Marshall Johnson (1850-1921) Born in Boston, Johnson later went to Lowell Institute becoming a member of the Boston Art Club also associating with Copley School. At eighteen he sailed on South America-bound SUNBEAM but his ship burned at sea.

He also studied under William Edward Norton, the influential American artist who placed atmosphere and the spiritual aspects of a painting as among the most important priorities of the artist. To further his art in 1887 he traveled to Europe studying in Holland, France and England. Upon his return he maintained a studio in old Boston's India Wharf until his death in 1921. More

MARIAN WILLIAMS STEELE American, 1912-2001 
"South Seas"
Signed lower right "Marian Williams Steele"
Oil on canvas
16" x 20.25"

Marian Williams Steele, American (1916-2001), was a renowned and prolific impressionist landscape, portrait, and marine painter.  Born in Trenton, New Jersey, Mrs. Steele graduated from the Trenton School of Industrial Arts and the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts in Philadelphia.  Upon graduation, she was awarded the William Emlen Cresson Memorial Traveling Scholarship for European study and the first ever Charles Toppan Prize.  After returning from Europe, she began studying and painting at the Albert C. Barnes Foundation in Philadelphia by special invitation.

Most of Mrs. Steele's career was spent as a resident of both Cambridge and Gloucester, Massachusetts.  She later became a full-time Gloucester resident and painted almost exclusively on the North Shore.  Because of her reputation, she was also briefly drawn from her home to paint numerous celebrities and sports figures.

She maintained a busy studio at her home on Good Harbor Beach in Gloucester until she died on February 8, 2001 at the age of eighty-nine. More

GEORGE CHEREPOV American, 1909-1987 
"Marty at Fisher's Island"
Depicts a fisherman checking his rod while standing on a docked fishing boat
Signed lower right "G. Cherepov"
Oil on canvas
18" x 24"

George Cherepov (1909–87) was a painter of Russian origin known for his use of color in a wide variety of subjects, including landscapes, seascapes, and still lifes. He was born in Lithuania in 1909. He studied painting with Konstantin Wisotsky in Riga and Alexis Hansen in Dubrovnik. Thereafter, he travelled and exhibited in many galleries and museums of central Europe. In 1952 he emigrated to the United States. He conducted courses on oil painting and published books on the techniques of oil painting. Cherepov died in Pennsylvania in 1987. More

AMERICAN SCHOOL 20th Century 
Brant Point, Nantucket, Massachusetts
Features two vessels in dry-dock to the left of the old Brant Point Light, and a steam/sail vessel and sidewheeler in a busy Nantucket Harbor
Unsigned
Oil on board
9.5" x 19"

SAMUEL R. CHAFFEE American, 1850-1913 
Beached vessel at sunset
Signed lower left "Chaffee"
Pastel on paper
8.5" x 17.5"

Samuel Roscoe Chaffee (1850 – 1913). He was born September 21, 1850 in Seekonk Massachusetts and educated in the District Schools of Seekonk. He left home at 14 to become a clerk in the shoe store Allen j. Brown. Where he remained until 1877. He bought out the business but failed and was forced to sell in 1881 whereby he became and artist. He married 1878 in Swansea Mass. Chaffee is an artist who left his legacy as a painter of watercolors. Carefully rendered watercolors of birch trees, streams and wooded haunts bespeak of an artist who achieved a good command of the medium given that he was totally self-taught.

After a number of struggles, including the unsuccessful ownership of a shoe store; Chaffee opened a studio in the S. R. Chaffee’s watercolors are known for their clarity and composition. A review of his 1890 Tilden an Thurber Exhibition by the local art critics notes” He takes naturally to soft, floating outlines, adding a rich harmonized color to some of the brighter landscapes.” More

STEEL ENGRAVING "PROSPETTO GENERALE ICONOGRAFICO DIMOSTRANTE..." 18th Century 
Believed to be an Italian book plate. Depicts a shipbuilding platform
Dated in title 1783 and 1786
Also marked "Gills Cason Sotto-Arch. dell Arsenale detin"
20" x 23.75"