03 Classic Works of Art, Marine Paintings - Ports of Call, with Footnotes

Rubens Santoro, (Italian, 1859-1942)
Palazzo Donn Anna, Bay of Naples 
Oil on canvas
44.5 x 84.5cm (17 1/2 x 33 1/4in)
Private collection

Palazzo donn'anna, in the background, is a historical residence palace in naples, italy

Rubens Santoro (October 26, 1859 in Mongrassano, Province of Cosenza, Calabria – 1942 in Naples) was an Italian painter. He moved to Naples at 10 years of age, to study literature, but his inclination was painting. He only briefly enrolled at the Neapolitan Academy, instead, real life was his model. His first work was a small and simple genre piece: A Girl who Laughs, exhibited at the Promotrice. Domenico Morelli took note and encouraged him.
Santoro continually changed his vistas, painting in Torre Annunziata, Castellammare di Stabia, Procida, the Amalfi Coast, and Resina. During the long trips to the open countryside, he distracted himself by playing the mandolin. Many of his Amalfi landscapes were bought by the Goupil Gallery. Two were displayed at the 1877 Exposition at Naples: Marina di Maiuri and Grotta degli Zingari.  He moved to Paris, and after an excursion in England, returned to Naples even more prolifict. His painting Verona, exhibited at 1911 exhibition of Barcelona was awarded a Silver medal. More on Rubens Santoro

Nicolaes Pieterszoon Berchem, (1621/1622–1683)
A Southern Harbour, c. 1657 and 1659
A depiction of the sheep port of the Orangian protectorate
Oil on canvas
Height: 83 cm (32.7 in). Width: 104 cm (40.9 in).
Wallace Collection, London

Typical of Berchem’s decorative and exotic harbour scenes, the harbour was imaginatively identified with the port of Genoa by Jean Aliamet, who engraved the picture in the eighteenth century. The picture’s distinguished provenance demonstrates the artist’s appeal to collectors in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries; its owners included the duc de Berry and Anatole Demidoff, Prince of San Donato. The 4th Marquess of Hertford paid the considerable price of 42,000 francs (about £1,680) for the painting at the latter’s sale in 1868. More on this painting

Nicolaes Pieterszoon Berchem (1 October 1620 – 18 February 1683) was a highly esteemed and prolific Dutch Golden Age painter of pastoral landscapes, populated with mythological or biblical figures, but also of a number of allegories and genre pieces.

He was a member of the second generation of "Dutch Italianate landscape" painters. These were artists who travelled to Italy, or aspired to, in order to soak up the romanticism of the country, bringing home sketchbooks full of drawings of classical ruins and pastoral imagery. His paintings, of which he produced an immense number, were in great demand, as were his 80 etchings and 500 drawings. His landscapes, painted in the Italian style of idealized rural scenes, with hills, mountains, cliffs and trees in a golden dawn are sought after. Berchem also painted inspired and attractive human and animal figures in works of other artists, like Allaert van Everdingen, Jan Hackaert, Gerrit Dou, Meindert Hobbema and Willem Schellinks. More Nicolaes Pieterszoon Berchem

Old Master Dutch Painting 17th Century Baroque
Untitled, (Fishing Village) mid 17th century
Oil on canvas
28" x 39" 
Private collection

Dutch Golden Age painting is the painting of the Dutch Golden Age, a period in Dutch history roughly spanning the 17th century, during and after the later part of the Eighty Years' War (1568–1648) for Dutch independence.

The new Dutch Republic was the most prosperous nation in Europe and led European trade, science, and art. The northern Netherlandish provinces that made up the new state had traditionally been less important artistic centres than cities in Flanders in the south. The upheavals and large-scale transfers of population of the war, and the sharp break with the old monarchist and Catholic cultural traditions, meant that Dutch art had to reinvent itself almost entirely, a task in which it was very largely successful. The painting of religious subjects declined very sharply, but a large new market for all kinds of secular subjects grew up. More on Dutch Golden Age

Old Master Dutch Painting 17th Century Baroque
Setail; Untitled, (Fishing Village) mid 17th century
Oil on canvas
28" x 39" 
Private collection

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