15 Classic Works of Art, Marine Paintings - With Footnotes, #29

Henri Le Sidaner, 1862 - 1939
Oil on wood panel
6 1/4 by 10 1/2 in., 15.9 by 26.7 cm
Painted in 1885.
Private Collection

Étaples or Étaples-sur-Mer is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in northern France. It is a fishing and leisure port on the Canche river.During the ninth century the coast was subject to raids and settlement by Norsemen. From their point of view, this off-shore site, protected by mud flats and marsh, was ideal as a base from which to conduct raids elsewhere, assemble the booty and ship it home.  More on Étaples

Henri Eugène Augustin Le Sidaner (7 August 1862 – July 1939) was an intimist painter. Sidaner was born to a French family in Port Louis, Mauritius. In 1870 he and his family settled in Dunkirk. Le Sidaner received most of his tutelage from the École des Beaux-Arts under the instruction of Alexandre Cabanel but later broke away due to artistic differences.

Between 1885 and 1894 Le Sidaner lived the year round at the Etaples art colony and was joined there by his childhood friend Eugène Chigot (1860–1923), who shared his interest in atmospheric light. Later Le Sidaner traveled extensively throughout France. He also visited many cities around the globe, as well as villages throughout Europe. He exhibited at the Salon, the Galeries Georges Petit in Paris and the Goupil Gallery in London, and settled in Gerberoy.

Marcel Proust's mention of Le Sidaner's work in his novel In Search of Lost Time confirms its later reputation. In Sodom and Gomorrah, the narrator mentions that an eminent barrister from Paris had devoted his income to collecting the paintings of the "highly distinguished" but "not great" Le Sidaner. More on Henri Eugène Augustin Le Sidaner

Montague Dawson, RMSA, FRSA (1890–1973) 
Brisk Weather off the Needles, Isle of Wight
oil on canvas
24 x 36 in. (61 x 91.4 cm.)
Private Collection

The Needles is a row of three distinctive stacks of chalk that rise about 30m out of the sea off the western extremity of the Isle of Wight, United Kingdom, close to Alum Bay. The Needles Lighthouse stands at the outer, western end of the formation. Built in 1859, it has been automated since 1994.[5]

The formation takes its name from a fourth needle-shaped pillar called Lot's Wife, that collapsed in a storm in 1764.[6] The remaining rocks are not at all needle-like, but the name has stuck. More on The Needles 

Montague Dawson RMSA, FRSA (1890–1973) was a British painter who was renowned as a maritime artist. His most famous paintings depict sailing ships, usually clippers or warships of the 18th and 19th centuries. Montague was the son of a keen yachtsman and the grandson of the marine painter Henry Dawson (1811–1878), born in Chiswick, London. Much of his childhood was spent on Southampton Water where he was able to indulge his interest in the study of ships. For a brief period around 1910 Dawson worked for a commercial art studio in Bedford Row, London, but with the outbreak of the First World War he joined the Royal Navy. Whilst serving with the Navy in Falmouth he met Charles Napier Hemy (1841–1917), who considerably influenced his work. In 1924 Dawson was the official artist for an Expedition to the South Seas by the steam yacht St.George. During the expedition he provided illustrated reports to the Graphic magazine.

After the War, Dawson established himself as a professional marine artist, concentrating on historical subjects and portraits of deep-water sailing ships. During the Second World War, he was employed as a war artist. Dawson exhibited regularly at the Royal Society of Marine Artists, of which he became a member, from 1946 to 1964, and occasionally at the Royal Academy between 1917 and 1936. By the 1930s he was considered one of the greatest living marine artists, whose patrons included two American Presidents, Dwight D Eisenhower and Lyndon B Johnson, as well as the British Royal Family. Also in the 1930s, he moved to Milford-Upon-Sea in Hampshire, living there for many years. Dawson is noted for the strict accuracy in the nautical detail of his paintings which often sell for six figures.

The work of Montague Dawson is represented in the National Maritime Museum, Greenwich and the Royal Naval Museum, Portsmouth. More

Kamel Mustafa Mohamed, (b 1917 – d 1982)
Untitled (The Fisherman)
Oil On Panel
25 cm x  35 cm
Private Collection

Kamel Mustafa, (b 1917 – d 1982)graduated from the Faculty of Fine Art in 1941. Also in 1950, he had a diploma in restoration technique of oil painting. He was Professor and Head of Painting Department at the Faculty of Fine Arts, Alexandria then Dean of the Faculty from 1969 to 1977, thus preserving the liberated values spread by the late artist Ahmad Othman, who established the college.

He was an Impressionist painter who leaned towards academic realism. He belonged to the second generation of Modern Egyptian artists. From 1936, the artist spent ten years working in Cairo painting a wide-range of subjects, including traditional scenes from the city and rural life.

Kamel Mustafa Mohamed, (b 1917 – d 1982)
Oil On Panel
: 25 cm x  20 cm
Private Collection

Between 1946 and 1950 Mustafa travelled to Italy for further study. There he was exposed to various trends, including post-impressionism. By the beginning of the 1950s his work passed through a distinctly modernist phase, where composition and execution were carefully controlled.

He drew the attention of critics when he exhibited his works at Alexandria Biennale (two sessions) and Venice Biennale (three sessions). He was the Guest of Honor of 19th Alexandria Biennale in 1997. Kamel Mustafa also exhibited his works in Italy, Warsaw, Poland; and Berlin, Germany. More Kamel Mustafa

François Gall, 1912 - 1987
Signed F.Gall and inscribed Trouville (lower right)
Oil on canvas
10 1/8 by 18 1/8 in., 25.7 by 46 cm
Private Collection

Trouville-sur-Mer, commonly referred to as Trouville, is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France. Trouville-sur-Mer borders Deauville. This village of fishermen is a popular tourist attraction in Normandy. More on Trouville

François Gall (1912–1987) was a Hungarian painter. He became an impressionist painter in the pure French tradition after he moved to Paris in 1936. He was born in Kolozsvar in the former region of Transylvania on March 22, 1912 and began studying all media at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in Rome while working menial jobs to secure a living. In 1939, the Hungarian government awarded Gall with a scholarship for his artistic merit.

Six years later, Francois Gall established himself in Paris and became a student of Devambez at the National Academy of Fine Arts. He greatly admired the first generation of Impressionists and adopted their concepts for his own interpretations. Parisian scenes and and portrayals of women engaged in typically feminine activities were amoung his preferred subjects. Francois was a modern impressionist, bringing his own unique personality to this most enduring style.

Gall participated in various Salon exhibitions in Paris and became a favorite with the public. In 1963, he was honoured with the Francis Smith Prize. He died in 1987. More on François Gall

EDWARD MORAN, American, (1829-1901)
Sailing in the Moonlight
Oil on canvas
20 x 30 inches
Private Collection

Edward Moran (August 19, 1829 in Bolton, Lancashire, England – June 8, 1901 in New York City) was an American artist of maritime paintings. Moran was born in England on August 19, 1829. Following in the footsteps of his father's profession, he learned to operate a hand-loom at a young age, though he would often be found sketching with charcoal on the white fabric instead of plying the shuttle. His family first emigrated to Maryland in 1844, and then to Philadelphia a year later.

It was in Philadelphia around 1845 that Edward apprenticed under James Hamilton and landscape painter Paul Weber; Hamilton guided Moran specifically in the style of marine paintings. In the 1850s Moran began to make a name for himself in the Philadelphia artistic scene; working in the same studio as his younger brother, famous American painter Thomas Moran, Edward received commissions and even completed some lithographic work. In 1862, he traveled to London and became a pupil in the Royal Academy. 

In 1885, at the height of his career, Moran began on what would be considered his most important work - a series of 13 paintings representing the Marine History of the United States. He chose to have thirteen paintings in the series because of the significance of the number in American history (13 colonies, 13 stars and stripes on the original US flag, etc.). The subjects include Leif Ericsson, Christopher Columbus, Hernando de Soto, Henry Hudson, and Admiral Dewey, among others. Not long after their completion, the series was displayed at the 1893 World's Fair in Chicago. More

Three Sailing Boats, 1933
Watercolour and Indian ink on paper
8 7/10 × 11 1/2 in, 22.1 × 29.1 cm
Private Collection

Though originally from New York, Lyonel Feininger spent a great deal of his career in Germany and is closely associated with the German Expressionist movement as well as the Bauhaus, where he was an active teacher and practitioner. Early Cubism and Futurism acted as significant sources of inspiration in the development of Feininger’s personal style, characterized by angular lines and transparent intersecting planes. When the Bauhaus was dissolved by the Nazi party in the late 1930s, Feininger returned to his native New York, adding a series of skylines and seascapes to his already prolific body of work.

T. Lux Feininger (June 11, 1910 Berlin — July 7, 2011 Cambridge) was an American painter, avant-garde photographer, author, and art teacher who was born in Berlin to Julia Berg and Lyonel Charles Feininger, an American living in Germany from the age of sixteen. His father was the first faculty appointment made to the Bauhaus in Weimar by its founder, Walter Gropius, in 1919. He had two older full brothers, including Andreas Feininger, and two half sisters, even older, by Clara Fürst and his father (from his first marriage). More Lyonel Feininger 

Frank Myers Boggs, American, 1855-1926 
Harbor Scene 
Oil on canvas 
25 x 34 1/2 inches 
Private Collection

Frank Myers Boggs (* 6. December 1855 in Springfield , Ohio ; † August 8, 1926 in Meudon , Hauts-de-Seine )  was active, and naturalized in France .  He was a painter of urban landscapes, marine. Watercolorist , engraver , draftsman.

Mixing tonalist and impressionist elements, Frank Myers Boggs forged a novel artistic style at the juncture of fin-de-siècle American and European traditions. Born in Ohio, Boggs trained at the École des Beaux-Arts under Jean Léon Gerôme and spent the majority of his life in Paris. There, he accomplished the rare feat of gaining prominence in both the French and American art worlds. By the end of his life, Boggs had essentially transformed himself into a French impressionist: he became a French citizen in 1923 and earned the French Legion of Honor three years later. 

Frank Myers Boggs, American, 1855-1926 
In Port
Oil on canvas 
38.1 cm (15 in.), Width: 54.93 cm (21.63 in.)
Private Collection

Boggs won a prize from the American Art Association in 1884 and silver medals from the Paris Universal Exposition of 1889 and the Chicago World’s Columbian Exposition of 1893. His paintings are now in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, Brooklyn Museum of Art, and Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, as well as the Réunion des Musées Nationaux of Paris, Luxembourg Museum, and Museum of Nantes in France. More on Frank Myers Boggs

David Davidovich Burliuk, American/Russian Federation, 1882-1967 
Florida Fishing 
Oil on canvas 
12 x 16 inches 
Private Collection

David Davidovich Burliuk (Ukrainian and Russian: Дави́д Дави́дович Бурлю́к; 21 July 1882 – 15 January 1967) was born on the farmstead of Semirotovshchina in the Kharkov province (now Ukraine) in 1882. Died in Long Island, USA in 1967. This artist is a member of the well-known Burliuk art dynasty. He was a painter and poet, an art critic, and one of the theoreticians of Russian Futurism. He studied at the Kazan and Odessa art schools, at Aschbe’s school and the Royal Academy in Munich, in Cormon’s studio in Paris, and at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture. He was the organizer of numerous exhibitions and the “Gilea” group. He was a member of the German “Sturm” and “Blaue Reiter” (Blue Rider) associations of artists. In 1920, he immigrated to Japan via Siberia, and from 1922 lived in the USA. In addition to landscapes, he painted portraits, still life, and allegoric compositions in his own invariable impasto style. More on David Davidovich Burliuk

Claude Monet, French, 1840 - 1926
The Rocks at Pourville, Low Tide, 1882
Oil on canvas
25 5/16 in. x 31 in. (64.29 cm x 78.74 cm)
Memorial Art Gallery of the University of Rochester

In Rocks at low tide, Pourville writhing contours form abstract rocks. Monet’s mobile brushstrokes create a sense of the rock forms beneath the water by suggesting the movement of water around them. More on Rocks at low tide, Pourville

A former fishing village, became Pourville-sur-Mer the early nineteenth century, a popular resort in Normandy. The village, depending on Hautot-sur-Mer, near Dieppe, has also attracted many talented painters in his time, like Claude Monet who made several landscapes.
After a significant development in the interwar period, the station was indeed one of the favorite destinations of the Parisian art world, thanks to the presence of a casino and other luxury hotels. Surrounded by cliffs, the village of Pourville-sur-Mer also impresses with its pebble and sand, overlooking the English Channel, as well as its breathtaking view of Dieppe and its surroundings. More on Pourville-sur-Mer

Oscar-Claude Monet (14 November 1840 – 5 December 1926) was a founder of French Impressionist painting, and the most consistent and prolific practitioner of the movement's philosophy of expressing one's perceptions before nature, especially as applied to plein-air landscape painting. The term "Impressionism" is derived from the title of his painting Impression, soleil levant (Impression, Sunrise), which was exhibited in 1874 in the first of the independent exhibitions mounted by Monet and his associates as an alternative to the Salon de Paris.

Monet's ambition of documenting the French countryside led him to adopt a method of painting the same scene many times in order to capture the changing of light and the passing of the seasons. From 1883 Monet lived in Giverny, where he purchased a house and property and began a vast landscaping project which included lily ponds that would become the subjects of his best-known works. In 1899 he began painting the water lilies, first in vertical views with a Japanese bridge as a central feature, and later in the series of large-scale paintings that was to occupy him continuously for the next 20 years of his life. More Oscar-Claude Monet

Wael Abdel Sabour
The Harbor, c. 2010
Mixed Media on paper
90x120 cm
Private Collection

I could not find any useful information on Wael Abdel Sabour.

Hamed Said, (Egypt, 1908-2006)
Women along a beach, circa early 1940s
Oil on panel
60 x 120cm (23 5/8 x 47 1/4in).
Private Collection

Hamed Said, Egypt, 1908-2006, was considered an intellectual and theoretical figure within the Egyptian Fine Art movement.

He obtained a state scholarship to England between 1936 and 1939, studying at the Chelsea College of Arts. 

In 1946 he founded the "Art & Life Group" which focused in boosting the awareness of the relationship between art and everyday life in the aim of reviving Egyptian identity. The group achieved great success in the seven exhibitions it held and participated in the 
Venice Biennale in 1956 . The famous British writer and art critic Herbert Read praised the groups "sincerity and independence ". In 1981 he he received a State Award for his contribution to the arts. More Hamed Said

Eugene-Marie Salanson, (French, 1864-1892)
The fisher girl 
Oil on canvas
53 1/2 x 31 3/4in (136 x 80.5cm)
Private Collection

Eugénie Alexandrine Marie Salanson (15 December 1836, Albert - 23 July 1912, Saint-Pair-sur-Mer) was a French painter in the Academic style. Her father came from Ispagnac to Albert to serve as a tariff collector. The family later moved to Saint-Valery-sur-Somme, where her twin sisters were born, then on to Saint-Omer, where her father had been appointed Receiver (head tax collector).

It was near there, in Calais, that she took her first art lessons from a local artist named Crocher. She then went to Paris to continue her studies but, at that time, the École des Beaux-arts did not accept female applicants, so she attended the Académie Julian, where she studied with William Bouguereau. Later, she took private lessons from Léon Cogniet. In 1877, she exhibited her portrait of Cogniet at the Salon, which brought her numerous commissions. The following year, she participated in the Exposition Universelle.

Soon, she was exhibiting throughout France and abroad. In 1882 she, Camille Claudel, Jessie Lipscomb and others set up their own studio on the Rue Notre-Dame-des-Champs.

By the end of the 1880s, she was able to acquire the "Villa Saint-Joseph" in the growing seaside resort of Saint-Pair-sur-Mer. This inspired her to create her best known paintings, depicting the young fisherwomen who worked nearby. Her painting "A marée basse" (Low tide) was one of the works featured in Women Painters of the World by Walter Shaw Sparrow (1905); one of the first books that treated female artists as worthy of serious attention..

She divided her time between Paris and her villa, and died there at the age of seventy-five. Most of her works are in private collections. More on Eugénie Alexandrine Marie Salanson

Sir William Russell Flint, RA, PRWS (British, 1880-1969)
The shrimper 
Watercolor on paper
19 1/8 x 26 3/16in (48.5 x 66.5cm)
Private Collection

Sir William Russell Flint (4 April 1880 – 30 December 1969) was a Scottish artist and illustrator who was known especially for his watercolour paintings of women. He also worked in oils, tempera, and printmaking. He was born in Edinburgh then educated at Daniel Stewart's College and Edinburgh Institution. From 1894 to 1900 Flint apprenticed as a lithographic draughtsman while taking classes at the Royal Institute of Art, Edinburgh. From 1900 to 1902 he worked as a medical illustrator in London while studying part-time at Heatherley's Art School. He furthered his art education by studying independently at the British Museum. 

Flint was elected president of Britain’s Royal Society of Painters in Watercolours (now the Royal Watercolour Society) in 1936 to 1956, and knighted in 1947. More on Sir William Russell Flint

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