Tuesday, January 12, 2016

25 Classic Works of Art, Marine and Seascape Paintings - with footnotes -10

The Louvain Basin, Boulogne
20.25 X 24 in (51.44 X 60.96 cm)
Oil on canvas

Konstantinos Volanakis, (1837–1907)
Sailing boats in the sunrise
Dimensions:  16.14 X 12.99 in (41 X 33 cm)
Medium:  oil on panel
(See Below)

Vasileios Chatzis, Patra 1870 - 1915
In calm waters
15.16 X 30.12 in (38.5 X 76.5 cm)
oil on canvas
Creation Date:  1997

Vasileios Chatzis, (Patra 1870 - 1915). After spending his childhood in Patra, he studied at Athens School of Fine Arts (1886-1893) under professors Nikiphoros Lytras and Konstantinos Volanakis. He began to exhibit in 1899 when he participated in the Exhibition of Athens and then presented  his works in group exhibitions in Athens and Alexandria.
During the Balkan Wars of 1912-1913, he embarked, by government order, on warships and captured scenes of the actions carried out by the Greek fleet. Known mainly as a painter of seascapes, he was also dealt with landscapes and the depiction of scenes from lives of farmers and fishermen, sometimes appearing to be an adherent of academicism or of open air approaches. More

Konstantinos Volanakis (1837–1907)
Harbour scene
27.36 X 21.65 in (69.5 X 55 cm)
oil on canvas

Konstantinos Volanakis (1837, Heraklion - 29 June 1907, Piraeus) was a Greek painter who became known as the "father of Greek seascape painting". He completed his basic education on Syros in 1856. Afterward, urged on by his brothers, he went to Trieste and became an accountant for a family of Greek merchants who were related to his family by marriage. While there, he made sketches of ships and harbors in his account books. Rather than dismiss him, the family recognized his artistic talent, and made arrangements for him to study at the Academy of Fine Arts, Munich, under Karl von Piloty, joining a group of Greek students.  His instructors discouraged any sort of landscape painting, because it was "in decline", so he concentrated on portraits.

His break came in 1869, three years after the Battle of Lissa (see Blow), when Emperor Franz Joseph held a drawing competition to memorialize the event. Volanakis won the contest, receiving 1000 gold Florins and free travel cruises with the Austrian navy for three years. He took full advantage of this, producing numerous canvases and sketches. He married in 1874. Nine years later, despite warnings from Gyzis that it would ruin his career, he returned to Greece and settled in Piraeus, where his family had a pottery factory, citing pressure from his wife, whose health was suffering from the cold winters in Germany.

From then until 1903, he was a teacher at the Athens School of Fine Arts. He also operated his own private school. In 1889, he was awarded the Silver Cross of the Order of the Redeemer. He was, however, very poor in his later years, due to his very large family and declining interest in his art. In an effort to increase his income, he reversed the usual method of painting first, then framing, by working with a group of framers who would make luxurious carved frames first, then creating paintings to fit them. More

File:Constantine Volanakis Naval battle at Lissa.jpg
Konstantinos Volanakis (1837–1907)
Naval battle at Lissa, c. Date 1869
Oil on canvas
283 × 169 cm (111.4 × 66.5 in)
Museum of Fine Arts

The Battle of Lissa took place on 20 July 1866 in the Adriatic Sea near the Dalmatian island of Lissa and was a decisive victory for an outnumbered Austrian Empire force over a numerically superior Italian force. It was the first major sea battle between ironclads and one of the last to involve deliberate ramming.

The Italian navy fired roughly 1450 shots during the engagement, but failed to do any serious damage to any Austrian ship while losing two battleships. One of the main reasons for this poor performance was internal rivalry between the Italian fleet commanders. The engagement was made up of several small battles: the main battle was between seven Austrian and four Italian ironclads and showed the ability of Austrian commander Tegetthoff to divide his more numerous opponents and then destroy the isolated ironclads.More

Spyros Vassiliou (1903-1985) 
The red boat
20.87 X 28.74 in (53 X 73 cm)
 acrylic on canvas
Creation Date:  1970

Spyros Vassiliou (1903-1985) was a Greek painter, printmaker, illustrator, and stage designer. He became widely recognized for his work starting in the 1930s, when he received the Benaki Prize from the Athens Academy. The recipient of a Guggenheim Prize for Greece (in 1960), Spyros Vassiliou's works have been exhibited in galleries throughout Europe, in the United States, and Canada. More

Jan Abrahamsz. Beerstraaten (Amsterdam 1622-1666)
A Mediterranean ‘capriccio’ harbour with figures conversing on a quay
and a Dutch three-master mooring beyond
signed and dated ‘1665 Beerstraten’ (lower right)
oil on canvas
75.5 x 65.5 cm.

Jan Abrahamsz Beerstraaten (1622 in Amsterdam – July 1666 in Amsterdam) was a Dutch painter of marine art and landscapes, particularly of events of the First Anglo-Dutch War and Dutch-Swedish War. More

Fausto PRATELLA, (Italian, Napels 1888-1946 Napels)
Fishermen in the bay of Naples
Oil painting on canvas 51.2 x 59.1 in. (130 x 150 cm.)

Henri LOGELAIN, (Belgian, Ixelles 1889-1968 Ixelles)
Antwerp harbour
Oil painting on canvas 27.6 x 33.9 in. (70 x 86 cm.)

Maurice BLIECK, (Belgian, Laken 1876-1922 Brussels)
Bridge at the river with steamer
Oil painting on canvas 15.4 x 20.9 in. (39 x 53 cm.)

File:Battle of Scheveningen (Slag bij Ter Heijde)(Jan Abrahamsz. Beerstraten).jpg
Jan Abrahamsz. Beerstraaten (1622–1666) 
The battle of Terheide, 10 august 1653, c. between 1653 and 1666
Oil on canvas
Height: 176 cm (69.3 in). Width: 281.5 cm (110.8 in).
Rijksmuseum Amsterdam

The Battle of Scheveningen was the final naval battle of the First Anglo-Dutch War. It took place on 31 July 1653 between the fleets of the Commonwealth of England and the United Provinces, and had no clear victory. More

Nicholas Pocock BRISTOL 1740 - 1821 MAIDENHEAD THE BRITISH FLEET AT SEA - THE NEARER SHIP FLYING THE ROYAL STANDARD Watercolour over pencil 110 by 163 mm:
Nicholas Pocock
Watercolour over pencil
110 by 163 mm

Pocock was born in Bristol and spent his early life at sea. In circa 1778 he settled in London and devoted himself to painting. He was successful and was patronised by the Navy Board, Admiral Lord Hood, Lord Bridport, Lord Gambier, Lord Barham and many other great navel men. 

Circle of Abraham Storck (Amsterdam 1644-1708)
A parade of Dutch ships in choppy waters
oil on canvas
48.4 x 63.9 cm

Abraham Storck (or Sturckenburch) (bapt. 17 April 1644 – buried 8 April 1708), was a Dutch landscape and maritime painter of the Baroque era. He was born and died in Amsterdam, and came from a family of painters of the same name. He had a painter's studio in Amsterdam producing naval and harbor scenes as well as landscape paintings. He was influenced by the two Willem van de Veldes (the elder and the younger) and by Jan Abrahamsz Beerstraaten. More

File:Storck, Four Days Battle.jpg
Abraham Storck (1644–1708)
The 'Royal Prince' and other Vessels at the Four Days Battle,  in the Second Anglo-Dutch war, 1–4 June 1666, circa 1670
Oil on canvas
78.5 × 110.5 cm (30.9 × 43.5 in)
National Maritime Museum

The Second Anglo-Dutch War (4 March 1665 – 31 July 1667), fought between England and the United Provinces, was part of a series of four Anglo-Dutch Wars fought between the English (later British) and the Dutch in the 17th and 18th centuries for control over the seas and trade routes, where England tried to end the Dutch domination of world trade. After initial English successes, the war ended in a decisive Dutch victory. English and French resentment would soon lead to renewed warfare. More

Abraham Storck (1644–1708)
The frigate Pieter and Paul on the IJ., c. 1698-1700
Oil on canvas
53 × 63 cm (20.9 × 24.8 in)
Amsterdam Museum

In 1703 Russia’s military success against Turkey allowed Peter I to claim a lucrative trade route to Europe – via the Baltic Sea. But to protect the Baltic land he needed a strong Navy. During his Grand Embassy Peter studied the art of shipbuilding. In Amsterdam “Peter and Paul” frigate was built and launched specially for Peter so he could watch the full building cycle. Peter received a certificate that stated that Peter Mikhailov “studied the art of shipbuilding to the extent that we are knowledgeable in it”. More

James Hamilton MacKenzie ARSA RSW ARE (British, 1875-1926) Harbour Scene, Possibly Nantes 45 x 60 cm. (17 11/16 x 23 5/8 in.)
James Hamilton MacKenzie ARSA RSW ARE (British, 1875-1926)
Harbour Scene, Possibly Nantes 
signed 'J Hamilton Mackenzie' (lower left)
oil on canvas
45 x 60 cm. (17 11/16 x 23 5/8 in.)

James Hamilton Mackenzie (1875 - 1926) was born in Glasgow and studied at the Glasgow School of Art where he won a scholarship that took him to Florence and Tuscany. He was a long time member of Glasgow Art Club. During the First World War he served in East Africa. His drawings and paintings are featured in The Studio's special war edition of 1918.

He worked abroad during his career notably in Belgium as well as Italy. He was fluent in oil, watercolours, pastels and as an etcher. His Scottish paintings are mostly of landscapes but also include fishing villages.

His career was ended tragically in a fatal accident on a train near Bathgate when he was only 51. He was elected to the Royal Scottish Society of Painters in Watercolour, RSW, in 1910, and an Associate of the RSA in 1923. More

Montague Dawson, USS Constellation
By Montague Dawson RMSA, FRSA (1890–1973)
22 X 31 in (55.88 X 78.74 cm)
Color Lithograph

USS Constellation, constructed in 1854, is a sloop-of-war/corvette and the second United States Navy ship to carry the name. According to the U.S. Naval Registry the original frigate was disassembled on 25 June 1853 in Gosport Navy Yard in Norfolk, Virginia, and the sloop-of-war/corvette was constructed in the same yard using material salvaged from the earlier ship. Constellation is the last sail-only warship designed and built by the Navy. Despite being a single-gundeck "sloop," she is actually larger than her frigate namesake, and more powerfully armed with fewer but much more potent shell-firing guns.

The sloop was launched on 26 August 1854 and commissioned on 28 July 1855 with Captain Charles H. Bell in command. More

Montague Dawson RMSA, FRSA (1890–1973) was a British painter who was renowned as a maritime artist. His most famous paintings depict sailing ships, usually clippers or warships of the 18th and 19th centuries.

By Montague Dawson RMSA, FRSA (1890–1973)
23.88 X 36 in (60.64 X 91.44 cm)
Oil on canvas

SS Southern Cross (1886) was a steam-powered sealing vessel that operated primarily in Norway and Newfoundland and Labrador.

She was lost at sea returning from the seal hunt on March 31, 1914, killing all 174 men aboard in the same storm that killed 78 crewmen from the SS Newfoundland, a collective tragedy that became known as the "1914 Newfoundland Sealing Disaster". More

Montague Dawson, The Glorious American - The 'Constitution'
By Montague Dawson RMSA, FRSA (1890–1973)
40 X 49.75 in (101.6 X 126.36 cm)
Oil on canvas

USS Constitution is a wooden-hulled, three-masted heavy frigate of the United States Navy, named by President George Washington after the Constitution of the United States of America. Launched in 1797, Constitution was one of six original frigates built in the North End of Boston, Massachusetts, at Edmund Hartt's shipyard. Her first duties with the newly formed U.S. Navy were to provide protection for American merchant shipping during the Quasi-War with France and to defeat the Barbary pirates in the First Barbary War.

Constitution is most famous for her actions during the War of 1812 against the United Kingdom, when she captured numerous merchant ships and defeated five British warships: HMS Guerriere, Java, Pictou, Cyane, and Levant. The battle with Guerriere earned her the nickname of "Old Ironsides" and public adoration that has repeatedly saved her from scrapping. She continued to serve as flagship in the Mediterranean and African squadrons, and circled the world in the 1840s. During the American Civil War, she served as a training ship for the United States Naval Academy. She carried US artwork and industrial displays to the Paris Exposition of 1878. More

Montague Dawson, The 'Cutty Sark'
By Montague Dawson RMSA, FRSA (1890–1973)
20 X 30 in (50.8 X 76.2 cm)
Oil on canvas

Cutty Sark is a British clipper ship. Built on the Clyde in 1869 for the Jock Willis Shipping Line, she was one of the last tea clippers to be built and one of the fastest, coming at the end of a long period of design development which halted as sailing ships gave way to steam propulsion.

The opening of the Suez Canal (also in 1869) meant that steam ships now enjoyed a much shorter route to China, so Cutty Sark spent only a few years on the tea trade before turning to the trade in wool from Australia, where she held the record time to Britain for ten years. Improvements in steam technology meant that gradually steamships also came to dominate the longer sailing route to Australia and the ship was sold to the Portuguese company Ferreira and Co. in 1895, and renamed Ferreira. She continued as a cargo ship until purchased by retired sea captain Wilfred Dowman in 1922, who used her as a training ship operating from Falmouth, Cornwall. After his death, Cutty Sark was transferred to the Thames Nautical Training College, Greenhithe in 1938 where she became an auxiliary cadet training ship alongside HMS Worcester. By 1954 she had ceased to be useful as a cadet ship and was transferred to permanent dry dock at Greenwich, London on public display.

Cutty Sark is listed by National Historic Ships as part of the National Historic Fleet (the nautical equivalent of a Grade 1 Listed Building). She is one of only three remaining original composite construction (wooden hull on an iron frame) clipper ships from the nineteenth century in part or whole, the others being the City of Adelaide, which arrived in Port Adelaide, South Australia on 3 February 2014 for preservation, and the beached skeleton of Ambassador of 1869 near Punta Arenas, Chile. More

James Kay RSA RSW (British, 1858-1942) Launch on the Clyde 30 x 45 cm. (11 13/16 x 17 11/16 in.)
James Kay RSA RSW (British, 1858-1942)
Launch on the Clyde 
signed 'James Kay RSW' (lower right)
oil on canvas
30 x 45 cm. (11 13/16 x 17 11/16 in.

SS River Clyde was a 3,913 GRT British collier built by Russell & Co of Port Glasgow on the Firth of Clyde and completed in March 1905. In the First World War the Admiralty requisitioned her for the Royal Navy and in 1915 she took part in the Gallipoli landings. After the war she was repaired and sold to Spanish owners, with whom she spent a long civilian career trading in the Mediterranean before being scrapped in 1966. More

James Kay (22 October 1858 - 26 September 1942) was a Scottish artist notable for his paintings of the landscapes and shipping around the River Clyde. Born on the Isle of Arran, Kay spent much of his working life with a studio in Glasgow and living at Portincaple on Loch Long in Argyll and Bute. He was elected to the Royal Scottish Society of Painters in Watercolour (RSW) in 1906 and to the Royal Scottish Academy in 1938. He had one daughter, artist Violet McNeish Kay. More

ANGELO BROMBO (1893-1962, Venice) 
Venice Canal
Oil on canvas 
signed lower left, A.Brombo 
15-1/2 in. x 11-1/2 in. (40x30cm)

ANGELO BROMBO (Italian 1893-1962)
Oil on canvas
11 7/8 x 15 3/4 inches / 30.16 x 40.005 cm; 
Signed lower right: Brombo 

Artist Angelo Brombo (Chioggia 1893 - Venice 1962) born into his profession as a decorator inherited from his family by his father Eugenio, who kept the shop under the arcades in Vena fondamenta in the district of Santa Maria where he worked until 1940. From 1925 to 1929 he taught design at the School of Applied Art in Chioggia. His debut was at an exhibition in 1922 where he participated in Chioggia. From 1927 onward he took part in numerous solo and group exhibitions in Italy and abroad. Among these at the Opera Bevilacqua La Masa, 1930, 31, 32 and an exhibition at the Napoleon hall of the Palazzo Reale in Venice with over fifty works in 1945. In 1944 he moved with his family to Venice where he continued to paint until his death in 1962. More

EDGAR FORKNER (American 1867-1945)
Ships in Marina
Oil on canvas
22 1/4 x 28 1/8 inches / 61.59 x 71.43 cm
Signed lower right: Edgar Forkner

EDGAR FORKNER (American 1867-1945). Nationally known water-colorist, Edgar Forkner was born in 1867 in Richmond, Indiana. Equally adept at painting floral still-lives and harbor scenes, Forkner exhibited over twenty years in the Hoosier Salon Exhibition wining numerous awards for best watercolor. He received his training at the Art Student League in New York studying with J. Carroll Beckwith, Irving Wiles, William Merritt Chase and Frank Vincent Dumond.

An early member of the “Richmond Group”, Forkner worked with John Bundy and others to help establish the Art Association of Richmond. After a few years in Richmond, he traveled to Chicago where he taught watercolor in Auditorium Tower studios. Later he lived in Seattle, Washington becoming active in the Seattle art colony painting harbor scenes along the Pacific coast.

His works are in the permanent collection of the Richmond Art Museum, Richmond, Indiana; Seattle Art Museum and the Chicago Art Institute. His Hoosier Salon award winner, Old Vase of Flowers, was exhibited in the 1933 Chicago World’s Fair. In appreciate of his artistic contributions, The Seattle Art Museum, held a tribute in memory of Edgar Forkner on July 14, 1945 over the radio. Considered a pioneer painter in two art colonies, Mr. Forkner contributed greatly to the artistic legacy and heritage of American regional art. More

French Tuna Boats II, c. 1929
Oil on board 
5 3/8 x 6 3/8 inches / 13.65 x 16.19 cm
Annotated verso: "French Tuna Boats II" painted in 1929 by George K. Brandiff "Mrs. George K. Brandiff (Widow)" "In the Bay of Douarnenez, France".

GEORGE KENNEDY BRANDRIFF (American 1890-1936) 
French Tuna Boats, c. 1929
Oil on board 
5 3/8 x 6 3/8 inches / 13.65 x 16.19 cm
1929 Annotated verso: "French Tuna Boats I" Painted in 1929 by George K Bradriff "Mrs. George K. Brandiff (Widow) In the Bay at Douarnenez, France"

George Kennedy Brandriff was born on Feb. 13, 1890 in Millville, NJ. After moving to Orange, CA in 1913, Brandriff worked as a piano salesman. Shortly after his arrival he enrolled at the USC College of Dentistry and in 1918 opened a dental office in Hemet, CA. Without the benefit of formal training, he had been painting all his life. He later had a few art lessons from Anna Hills, Carl Oscar Borg, Jack Wilkinson Smith, and in 1928 abandoned dentistry to devote full-time to art. After building a studio-home in Laguna Beach, Brandriff taught painting (Orrin White was one of his pupils) and served as president of the local art association. His subject matter included beach scenes, marines, mountain landscapes, still lifes, and figures. More

Acknowledgement:   Michaan Acknowledgement: 19th Century European PaintingsMichaanOld Master & British Paintings

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