Thursday, November 17, 2016

15 Paintings, The amorous game, Part 1 - With Footnotes

Guillaume Seignac
A la fontaine
Oil on canvas
31 3/4 x 22 1/2in (80.5 x 57cm)
Private Collection

Guillaum Seignac (1870–1924) was a French academic painter, born in Rennes in 1870, and died in Paris in 1924. He started training at the Académie Julian in Paris, where he spent 1889 through 1895. He had many teachers there, including Gabriel Ferrier, William-Adolphe Bouguereau, and Tony Robert-Fleury.

In addition to his training in the academic style, much of Seignac's work displayed classical themes and style, for example, his use of diaphanous drapery covering a woman's body is reminiscent of classical style. Guillaume Seignac regularly exhibited at the Salon and won several honors, including in 1900 honorable mention and in 1903 a Third Class medal. More

Maurice Chabas
Oil on canvas laid down on masonite
28 1/2 x 35 3/4in (72.3 x 90.8cm)
Private Collection

Maurice Chabas (21 September 1862, Nantes – 11 December 1947, Versailles) was a French Symbolist painter. In 1910 he met the Belgian Gabrielle Storms-Castelot, and they had two children, the writer André Castelot and the actor Jacques Castelot.

Chabas came from a family of painters. Being the eldest child, he had to take over the family business, although he was interested in painting. His younger brothers, Maurice and Paul, were renowned painters.

In 1900, Chabas moved to Neuilly-sur-Seine, where his studio became a hub for scholars like Camille Flammarion, Charles Richet, Maurice Maeterlinck, Léon Bloy, Lucien Lévy-Brulh, Joséphin Péladan, Edouard Schuré, and René Guénon. Until he moved to Neuilly-sur-Seine, Chabas was a little-known figure. That changed after 1900, when his popularity escalated. More

Max Schwimmer, 1895 - 1960 
Das Liebesspiel / The amorous game
Watercolor and indian ink on paper
H 110 mm, W 157 mm
Private Collection

Max Schwimmer (* 9. December 1895 in Leipzig ; † 12. March 1960 ) was a German painter, graphic artist and illustrator. He was born in Leipzig as the son of a factory bookbinder. He attended the teacher training in college . He then spent several years in the school service in the Ore Mountains Upper Aida and in Marienberg . During World War I he was drafted as a soldier. After returning from the war, he began in 1919 at the University of Leipzig with the Kunstgeschichts- and studying philosophy. During this period the beginnings of his artistic activitybegan.

After a trip to France and Italy Schwimmer began teaching at the School of Applied Arts in Leipzig. In 1930 he married the graphic artist Eva Schwimmer born Götze.. After the " seizure " of the Nazis , he was dismissed in 1933 instantly from the Magisterium. Nine of his works were considered " degenerate art defamed and confiscated".  Schwimmer then devoted himself more to book illustration. In 1944 he published 25 illustrations. In 1939 he was drafted in Leipzig for the Sanitation Forum, but was released soon afterwards. On August 24, 1944 Max Schwimmer was finally drafted into the Wehrmacht. At the end of September 1944 he was attached to the guards of the POW camp Stalag IV B in Mühlberg / Elbe. In April 1945, the guards of the POW camp fled to Altenburg in the American occupation zone. Swimmer struck out on foot with his second wife, the painter Llske Float (1915-1969).

After the war he joined the Communist Party in 1946 and received an appointment as professor and head of graphics at the State Academy for Graphic Arts and Printing Arts . He worked there from 1946 to 1950. In 1951, he was released due to a targeted campaign of his activities. On October 29, 1951 he was appointed to Dresdner Academy of Fine Arts as Head of Graphics, where he remained until his death in 1960.

Max Schwimmer counts as an expressive realist to the important painters of Saxony from the last century. He was a member of the Akademie der Künste in Berlin. More

Max Schwimmer, 1895 - 1960
Liegendes Mädchen / Reclining girl
Watercolor and indian ink on paper
H 114 mm, W 155 mm
Private Collection

Max Schwimmer (* 9. December 1895 in Leipzig ; † 12. March 1960 ) see above

Gustav Klimt (July 14, 1862 – February 6, 1918) 
The Dancing Girl, c. 1914
Pencil & ink on paper
54 x 69,5 cm
Private collection

Gustav Klimt (July 14, 1862 – February 6, 1918) was an Austrian symbolist painter and one of the most prominent members of the Vienna Secession movement. Klimt is noted for his paintings, murals, sketches, and other objets d'art. Klimt's primary subject was the female body, and his works are marked by a frank eroticism. In addition to his figurative works, which include allegories and portraits, he painted landscapes. Among the artists of the Vienna Secession, Klimt was the most influenced by Japanese art and its methods.
Early in his artistic career, he was a successful painter of architectural decorations in a conventional manner. As he developed a more personal style, his work was the subject of controversy that culminated when the paintings he completed around 1900 for the ceiling of the Great Hall of the University of Vienna were criticized as pornographic. He subsequently accepted no more public commissions, but achieved a new success with the paintings of his "golden phase," many of which include gold leaf. More

Lawrence Alma-Tadema, (1836–1912) 
In the Tepidarium, c. 1881
Oil on canvas
24.2 × 33 cm (9.5 × 13 in)
Lady Lever Art Gallery, Port Sunlight Village, United Kingdom

The tepidarium was the warm bathroom of the Roman,  heated by an underfloor heating system.The specialty of a tepidarium is the pleasant feeling of constant radiant heat which directly affects the human body from the walls and floor.

Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema, OM, RA (8 January 1836 – 25 June 1912) was a Dutch painter of special British denizenship.

Born in Dronrijp, the Netherlands, and trained at the Royal Academy of Antwerp, Belgium, he settled in England in 1870 and spent the rest of his life there. A classical-subject painter, he became famous for his depictions of the luxury and decadence of the Roman Empire, with languorous figures set in fabulous marbled interiors or against a backdrop of dazzling blue Mediterranean Sea and sky.

Though admired during his lifetime for his draftsmanship and depictions of Classical antiquity, his work fell into disrepute after his death, and only since the 1960s has it been re-evaluated for its importance within nineteenth-century English art. More

Frederick Arthur Bridgman, 1847 - 1928, AMERICAN
Queen of the Brigands, c. 1882
Oil on canvas
Private collection

Frederick Arthur Bridgman (November 10, 1847 - 1928) was an American artist, born in Tuskegee, Alabama. The son of a physician, Bridgman would become one of the United States' most well-known and well-regarded painters and become known as one of the world's most talented "Orientalist" painters. He began as a draughtsman in New York City, for the American Bank Note Company in 1864-1865, and studied art in the same years at the Brooklyn Art Association and at the National Academy of Design; but he went to Paris in 1866 and became a pupil of Jean-Leon Gerome. Paris then became his headquarters. A trip to Egypt in 1873-1874 resulted in pictures of the East that attracted immediate attention, and his large and important composition, The Funeral Procession of a Mummy on the Nile, in the Paris Salon (1877), bought by James Gordon Bennett, brought him the Cross of the Legion of Honor. Other paintings by him were An American Circus in Normandy, Procession of the Bull Apis (now in the Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.), and a Rumanian Lady (in the Temple collection, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania). More

Frederick Arthur Bridgman, 1847 - 1928, AMERICAN
Almeh Flirting With An Armenian Policeman in Cairo
Oil on canvas
 55.5 cm (21.85 in.), Width: 46 cm (18.11 in.)
Private collection

Frederick Arthur Bridgman, 1847 - 1928, AMERICAN, see above

Fritz Aigner (1930-)
The Beauty and the Bull from the cycle: The Beauty and The Beast; 1970
Aquatint etching on paper
19;8 x 25;6 inch;
Private collection

Fritz Aigner (July 13, 1930 – January 9, 2005) was an Austrian graphic artist and painter. Aigner studied at the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna from 1947 to 1952. In 1952 he won an Austrian state fine arts prize for his artwork Die Klage des verlorgenen Sohnes. He worked later as an artist in Spain, Ireland, London and his hometown, Linz.

Aigner's work was overtly influenced by that of Rembrandt, notably in his oil painting Rembrandts Trick mit dem Licht. He was nicknamed "the Rembrandt of Linz". His artwork often featured dark, acherontic and apocalyptic scenes with allusions to society and well-known society figures.

After his death an Austrian journalist described Aigner as "an artist who dealt with the conflict areas eros and religion and between surrealism, realism and fantastic realism. Even allusions to the border of caricature can be found in his work. More

Fritz Aigner (1930-)
The Beauty and The Beast; 1970
Coloured linocut
30 x 42 inch;
Private collection

Fritz Aigner (July 13, 1930 – January 9, 2005), see above

Kaiser Leander
Woman with Mirror; 1994
Oil on canvas
23;6 x 15;7 inch
Private collection

Leander Kaiser joins naturally into the canon of art history; confident to contribute something to contemporary art that shows constancy: because it eludes all fashionable trends. As a close observer of the past and present he creates an oeuvre that adopts the tradition of painting but in this symbolism and form is only possible in the presence. Ultimately; however; the work will be „discovered" by the viewer. More

Alfred Kornberger (1933-2002)
Reclining Nude; 1989
Watercolour and pastel on paper
10;2 x 8;3 inch;
 Private collection

"The women are the spectrum of the universe; I admire and love them”"; is a statement of Alfred Kornberger. Since 1970; the female body has been the focus of his work. Apart from the superficial eroticism; another important thing which is important is the pure painting. The expressive and dynamic brush strokes; which are already almost abstracted; leave the individuality of the depicted in the background. The color also plays an important role of expression. More

Alfred Kornberger (* 3. July 1933 in Vienna , † 31 March 2002 ) was an Austrian painter and graphic artist .  Hewas born in Vienna in 1933. His art belongs to the Austrian tradition of depicting the human body that spans from Egon Schiele to Alfred Hrdlicka. 

From about 1970 onwards, Kornberger turned his attention completely towards the female nude. In his studio in the Viennese district of Währing nude models were constantly working for the painter, but also for many of his students. Kornberger's studio was a place of convivial artist festivals where, besides painter-colleagues, regularly writers and musicians got together as well.

Alfred Kornberger (1933–2002)
Two standing nudes
Oil on canvas
140 x 120 cm. (55.1 x 47.2 in.)
 Private collection

When he was young, Alfred Kornberger looked to the École de Paris stylistic orientation, particularly to the art of Braque and Picasso. Kornberger's early pictures are intensive efforts of coming to terms with Cubism and Surrealism. The artist was also preoccupied with subjects connected with technical progress, for example in his cycle depicting machines.

Parallels to his nude studies are to be found in the work of the group called the Naturalists, who in the 1960s and 1970s kept up the tradition of objective figural painting. The group included the sculptor Alfred Hrdlicka...

Alfred Kornberger (1933 - 2002)
Sitting, c. 1974
Oil on canvas
140 x 110 cm (55.1 x 43.3 in)
Private collection

Kornberger's almost obsessive preoccupation with the female nude reminds one of the great Austrian painter and graphic artist Egon Schiele. Like Schiele, Kornberger varied his view of the female nude from the male perspective. The eroticism of desire constantly plays a central role, as does the gaze of the voyeur.

Kornberger's late works, dating from the 1990s, advance towards a distinctly painterly, four-colour design, combining not only elements from Expressionism, but also the influence of the so called Fauves. Kornberger can definitely be considered as one of the great colourists of the late 20th century. Colour plays a central role in his work as an emotional factor of expression.

As a consequence of a serious illness lasting many years, Alfred Kornberger died in Vienna 2002. More

Alfred Kornberger (1933-2002)
Reclining Nude; 1991
Felt pen on paper
 6;3 x 1;4 inch
 Private collection

The expressive and dynamic brush strokes; which are already almost abstracted; leave the individuality of the depicted in the background. The color also plays an important role of expression. More

Heribert Potuznik (1910-1984)
The Offer; c. 1983
Oil on canvas
15;7 x 19;7 inch
 Private collection

Heribert Potuznik, Austrian | 1910 - 1984was an Austrian visual artist who was born in 1910. Several works by the artist have been sold at auction. The artist died in 1984.

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