Saturday, June 4, 2016

28 Classic Works of Art, Marine Paintings - With Footnotes 10

Claude-Joseph Vernet
A Shipwreck in Stormy Seas, c. 1773
Oil on canvas
114.5 x 163.5 cm
National Gallery (London) 

Claude-Joseph Vernet (14 August 1714 – 3 December 1789) was a French painter, born in Avignon. At fourteen years of age he aided his father, Antoine Vernet (1689–1753), a skilled decorative painter, in his work. The panels of sedan chairs, however, could not satisfy his ambition, and Vernet started for Rome. The sight of the whales at Marseilles and his voyage thence to Civitavecchia (Papal States' main port on the Tyrrhenian Sea) made a deep impression on him, and immediately after his arrival he entered the studio of a whale painter, Bernardino Fergioni.

In 1734, Vernet left for Rome to study landscape designers and maritime painters, like Claude Gellee, where we find the styles and subjects of Vernet's paintings.

Claude Joseph Vernet (1714–1789
Mediterranean Coast Scene with Fishermen and Boats, c. 1753
Oil on canvas
96.5 × 134.6 cm (38 × 53 in)
Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum

Slowly Vernet attracted notice in the artistic milieu of Rome. With a certain conventionality in design, proper to his day, he allied the results of constant and honest observation of natural effects of atmosphere, which he rendered with unusual pictorial art. Perhaps no painter of landscapes or sea-pieces has ever made the human figure so completely a part of the scene depicted or so important a factor in his design. In this respect he was heavily influenced by Giovanni Paolo Panini, whom he probably met and worked with in Rome.

For twenty years Vernet lived in Rome, producing views of seaports, storms, calms, moonlights, and large whales, becoming especially popular with English aristocrats, many of whom were on the Grand Tour. In 1745 he married an Englishwoman whom he met in the city. In 1753 he was recalled to Paris: there, by royal command, he executed the series of the seaports of France (now in the Louvre and the Musée national de la Marine) by which he is best known.

Claude Joseph Vernet (1714–1789)
Seaport by Moonlight, c. 1771
Oil on canvas
98 × 164 cm (38.6 × 64.6 in)
Louvre Museum

Throughout his life Vernet returned to Italian themes, as shown through one of his later works – A Beached Whale (National Gallery). On his return from Rome he became a member of the academy, but he had previously contributed to the exhibitions of 1746 and following years, and he continued to exhibit, with rare exceptions, down to the date of his death, which took place in his lodgings in the Louvre on the 3rd of December 1789. More

Italian School, 17th Century
The U.S.S. Decatur in the Bay of Naples, 1847
15.5 X 19.5 in (39.37 X 49.53 cm)
mixed media on paper

Thomas Buttersworth
The frigate H.M.S. Minerve heading for the open sea past the Bugio lighthouse at the mouth of the Tagus, the wreckage of the 3rd rate Bombay Castle (lost 21st clearly visible alongside the lighthouse December, c. 1796
27.76 X 43.31 in (70.5 X 110 cm)
Oil on canvas


Thomas Bush Hardy
Portsmouth Harbour, 1893
 15.25 X 38.5 in (38.74 X 97.79 cm)
Watercolor on paper


Portsmouth Harbour is a large natural harbour in Hampshire, England. Geographically it is a ria: formerly it was the valley of a stream flowing from Portsdown into the Solent. The city of Portsmouth lies to the east on Portsea Island, and Gosport to the west on the mainland. At its north end is Portchester Castle, of Roman origin and the first fortress built to protect the harbour.

It is best known as the home of the Royal Navy, HMNB Portsmouth. Because of its strategic location on the south coast of England, protected by the natural defence of the Isle of Wight, More

Thomas Bush Hardy (1842, Sheffield – 1897, Maida Vale, London) was a British marine painter and watercolourist. As a young man he travelled in the Netherlands and Italy. In 1884 Hardy was elected a Member of the Royal Society of British Artists. He exhibited with the Society and also at the Royal Academy.

His paintings feature coastal scenes in England and the Netherlands, the French Channel ports and the Venetian Lagoon.

Hardy had nine children. His son Dudley Hardy was a painter, illustrator and poster designer. His daughter Dorothy received an MBE after working as a nurse in the First World War. He died on 15 December 1897 in Maida Vale, London. More

Thomas Bush Hardy
Greenwich Pier, 1890
17.52 X 27.36 in (44.5 X 69.5 cm)
Watercolour


Montague Dawson
THE SOUTHERN CROSS
23.88 X 36 in (60.64 X 91.44 cm)

Oil on canvas


SS Southern Cross (1886) was a steam-powered sealing vessel that operated primarily in Norway and Newfoundland and Labrador.

She was lost at sea returning from the seal hunt on March 31, 1914, killing all 174 men aboard in the same storm that killed 78 crewmen from the SS Newfoundland, a collective tragedy that became known as the "1914 Newfoundland Sealing Disaster". More


 Montague Dawson
GAY WEATHER
24 X 36 in (60.96 X 91.44 cm)

Oil on canvas

Attributed to Edward William Cooke
San Giorgio
 4.61 X 6.69 in (11.7 X 17 cm)
Medium:  Pencil

Edward William Cooke, Evening on the lagoon from Isola San Servolo, Venice
Edward William Cooke
EVENING ON THE LAGOON FROM ISOLA SAN SERVOLO, VENICE, c. 1855
15.55 X 26.18 in (39.5 X 66.5 cm)
Oil on canvas

Edward William Cooke, Marine scene - Morning after a heavy Gale
Studio of Edward William Cooke
MARINE SCENE - MORNING AFTER A HEAVY GALE, 1857
 27 X 44 in (68.58 X 111.76 cm)
Oil painting

Edward William Cooke, A bit of Bonchurch in the olden times
Edward William Cooke
A BIT OF BONCHURCH IN THE OLDEN TIMES, c. 1876
24.25 X 18.25 in (61.6 X 46.36 cm)
Medium: oil on canvas
Creation Date: 1876
Signed

Edward William Cooke
THE BEACH OF SORRENTO
13.75 X 18.25 in (34.92 X 46.36 cm)
Oil on board

Edward William Cooke, Axmouth Harbour, Devon, low water
Edward William Cooke
AXMOUTH HARBOUR, DEVON, LOW WATER, 1861
26.25 X 42.25 in (66.68 X 107.32 cm)
Oil on canvas

Edward William Cooke
PILOT BOAT OFF THE NORTH FORELAND, 1865
6.89 X 11.42 in (17.5 X 29 cm)
Oil on paper laid on board

Edward William Cooke, The Canale della Giudecca with Redentore beyond
Edward William Cooke
THE CANALE DELLA GIUDECCA WITH REDENTORE BEYOND, 1863
11.02 X 17.72 in (28 X 45 cm)
Oil on paper laid on canvas

Edward William Cooke, Bridge of Sighs, Venice
Edward William Cooke
BRIDGE OF SIGHS, VENICE, 1858
32.06 X 26.56 in (81.43 X 67.46 cm)
Oil on canvas

Edward William Cooke, Trabaccoli carrying wood, San Giorgio Maggiore and the Dogana beyond
Edward William Cooke
TRABACCOLI CARRYING WOOD, SAN GIORGIO MAGGIORE AND THE DOGANA BEYOND, c. 1859
24.63 X 41.13 in (62.56 X 104.47 cm)
Oil on canvas

Edward William Cooke, St Peter Port, Guernsey
Edward William Cooke
ST PETER PORT, GUERNSEY
23.23 X 17.72 in (59 X 45 cm)
Oil on panel

Edward William Cooke, Seacoast Village
Attributed to Edward William Cooke
SEACOAST VILLAGE
16 X 20 in (40.64 X 50.8 cm)
Oil on canvas

Attributed to Edward William Cooke
THE WOLF, A BRIG OF WAR, OFF DOVER
5.91 X 8.66 in (15 X 22 cm)
Pen, ink and watercolour

Edward William Cooke, View on the Thames
Edward William Cooke
VIEW ON THE THAMES
7.09 X 10.24 in (18 X 26 cm)
Watercolour

Edward William Cooke, Boats moored at Dieppe Harbour: low tide
Edward William Cooke
BOATS MOORED AT DIEPPE HARBOUR: LOW TIDE
6.62 X 10 in (16.83 X 25.4 cm)
Pencil and watercolour with scratching out

Manner of Edward William Cooke
A MAN OF WAR IN HARBOUR
29 X 39 in (73.66 X 99.06 cm)
Oil on oak panel

Edward William Cooke, Sail barges in a heavy sea
Edward William Cooke
SAIL BARGES IN A HEAVY SEA, 1840
9.5 X 13 in (24.13 X 33.02 cm)
Watercolour

Edward William Cooke, The Venetian lagoon at Sunset
Edward William Cooke
THE VENETIAN LAGOON AT SUNSET, c. 1862
10.81 X 17.94 in (27.46 X 45.57 cm)
Oil on paper laid down on canvas

Edward William Cooke, Part of the Island of San Pietro, Castello, Venice
Edward William Cooke
PART OF THE ISLAND OF SAN PIETRO, CASTELLO, VENICE, c. 1858
11.44 X 16.94 in (29.06 X 43.03 cm)
Oil on canvas



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