For Gérôme, a good academician, the creative process was primarily intellectual. He reflected on a conception of the final composition, which he then seized on an initial study that was the basis for the further work. This is probably the first study of a Turkish bath, a Turkish woman bathing, which explains its freshness and spontaneity.
Gérôme worked hard on the silhouette and the attitude of the nude bather.
In all known studies to a Turkish bath, a Turkish woman bathing, the African servant is outlined. It is only in the finished work that the face appears clearly.
Gérôme tried to create an intense psychological relationship between bather's surprise at a specific time of her dress, and her maid; he is leaning over the basin, hands resting on the edge, tense, waiting impatiently for the moment when she will feel, just out of the bath, the delicious sensation of cold foam soap.
Studies and sketches of Gerome oils were often completed by other painters, to make them more commercial. Our sketch was lucky to escape the retouching and remain intact, unaltered and entirely Gérôme's hand. More
His oeuvre includes portraits, scenes of elegant ladies in gardens, parks, or luxurious interiors. The interiors are either heavy or elegant neo-Baroque Napoleon III. He painted Western and Southern or Oriental women, often adorned with jewels. His painting are realistic, with an eye for detail and texture, intended as an elegant genre painting without much depth.
On some paintings he collaborated with another artist. There are paintings known, together with Frans Lebret (1820-1909) and Eugène Remy Maes (1849-1931).
After his studies Portielje remained in Antwerp. He married there in 1853. More
Henri Rousseau Henry, Emilien Rousseau (Cairo 1875 - Aix-en-Provence in 1933) is an Orientalist painter. A pupil of Jean-Léon Gérôme at the Beaux Arts in Paris, he won the second Grand Prix de Rome in 1900 and a travel grant at the Salon of French Artists. He traveled to Belgium, the Netherlands, North Africa, Spain and Italy where he admired the great masters (Rubens, Rembrandt, Velasquez, Murillo, the Titian, Raphael etc ...)
After this initiatory journey, he settled in Versailles and set up his studio at the Villa des Arts in Paris. In 1919 he moved to Aix in Provence with his large family (seven children). Knight of the Legion of Honour in arts. His work is dedicated to Tunisia, Algeria and especially Morocco, Provence and the Camargue remained its anchor points. His success was with a bourgeois and wealthy clientele, where he sold his work at numerous exhibitions in Paris, Brussels, Stockholm, Marseilles. More
He gained his artistic skills from his father Jules Evarist van Biesbroeck. He studied at the Academy of Fine Arts in Ghent. Debuted in 1888 at the Salon des Champs-Elysées in Paris with his large-format painting "Le lancement d'Argos", which created a scandal. He was like his father, a professor of the Academy in Ghent. On a trip to North Africa in 1926, he began to treat themes of the Orient. He experimented mainly with light effects in his paintings. Until 1935 he also maintained a studio in Algiers.
JP van Biesbroeck also had intensive contacts with the Socialist Workers' Movement in Ghent.
Rowlandson was born in India in 1861 and studied art at Gloucester Art School, Westminster and Paris. He exhibited at the Royal Institute of Painters in Watercolour between 1911 and 1918 from 22 Priory Road, Bedford Park, London. He contributed illustrations to The Illustrated London News and the English llustrated Magazine, his work being mostly military or equestrian subjects, and a number of hunting scenes. More
In 1852, while living temporarily in Berlin, his first paintings of oriental life emerged: "Slave Market" and "Egyptian School". Not satisfied, Gentz returned to Paris and joined the studio of Thomas Couture. There painted two religious images with life-size figures, Christ and Magdalene and Simon and Chris.
In 1858, again in Berlin, he created a long series of Oriental Paintings, mostly Egyptian, for the Berlin Academy of Fine Arts. The oeuvre of the artist are very large; sometimes the figures are primarily, the character of the land and people are sharply defined. More
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