Saturday, July 27, 2019

01 Paintings, The amorous game, Part 51 - With Footnotes

Otto Dix (1891 - 1969)
Matrose und Mädchen/ Sailor and girl, c. 1923
Lithograph in colours on printing paper
49 x 37 cm
Private collection

Otto Dix, (born December 2, 1891, Untermhaus, Thuringia, Germany—died July 25, 1969, Singen, Baden-Württemberg, Germany), German painter and engraver who mixed compassion and Expressionist despair to create works harshly critical of society. He was associated and exhibited with the Neue Sachlichkeit group of painters.

Son of a railway worker, Dix was apprenticed to a decorative artist and received training in Dresden. An Impressionist at first, he experimented with various trends in modern art until he arrived at a mordantly individual style, a nightmarish vision of contemporary social reality.  In 1924 he etched a 50-plate series recording the horrors of war.

Appointed a professor at the academy in Dresden (1927), Dix was elected to the Prussian Academy (1931). The Nazi regime, however, incensed at his antimilitary works, cancelled these affiliations and barred him from exhibiting. He was jailed in 1939 on a charge of complicity in a plot on Adolf Hitler’s life, but in 1945 he was drafted into the home guard army at the age of 53. He was captured and released by the French. Dix later turned to religious mysticism, as in Saul and David (1945) and Crucifixion (1946). More on Otto Dix





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