Saturday, September 2, 2017

10 Paintings, Streets of Paris, by its Artists from 1850-1910 - Part 9 - With Footnotes

Paris, France's capital, is a major European city and a global center for art, fashion, gastronomy and culture. Its 19th-century cityscape is crisscrossed by wide boulevards and the River Seine. Beyond such landmarks as the Eiffel Tower and the 12th-century, Gothic Notre-Dame cathedral, the city is known for its cafe culture and designer boutiques along the Rue du Faubourg Saint-Honoré. Wikipedia

Jean Dufy, 1888 - 1964
Oil on canvas
21 3/4 by 18 1/8 in., 55.1 by 46 cm
Private collection

The Place de la Concorde is one of the major public squares in Paris. Measuring 8.64 hectares (21.3 acres) in area, it is the largest square in the French capital. It is located at the eastern end of the Champs-Élysées. During the French Revolution in 1789 it was renamed Place de la Révolution. The new revolutionary government erected the guillotine in the square, and it was here that King Louis XVI was executed on 21 January 1793. More on The Place de la Concorde

Jean Dufy (b Le Havre, France, 1888; d La Boissière, 1964) French Painter. Following his service in the military, from 1910-1912, Jean Dufy relocated to Paris. Inspired by the work of Braque and Picasso, Dufy created watercolors that expressed a heightened understanding of color and light. In the mid-1920s, Jean Dufy became captivated by the music of the time, such as Darius Millaud and Francis Poulenc, and incorporated this interest into his artwork. While depicting orchestral and musical subjects, Dufy later became enchanted by the coast of Northern France and began to create majestic and effecting landscapes. Throughout the 1950s Dufy explored Western Europe and North America, but inevitably returned to his watercolors and oils of Paris. Just two months after the death of his wife, Ismérie, Jean Dufy died in 1964 in La BoissiereMore Jean Dufy

Émile Othon Friesz, 1879 - 1949
Oil on canvas
23 5/8 by 28 3/4 in., 60 by 73 cm
Painted in 1906.
Private collection

Although the artists associated with the Fauve movement worked closely together, Friesz’s paintings shared greater affiliations with the work of Raoul Dufy and Braque than with the oeuvre of Derain and Vlaminck. Friesz, Dufy and Braque all studied with Léon Bonnet at the École des beaux-arts in Paris; Friesz and Dufy even shared a studio in Paris for a time in the early 1900s. More on this painting

Achille-Émile Othon Friesz (6 February 1879 – 10 January 1949), who later called himself Othon Friesz, a native of Le Havre, was a French artist of the Fauvist movement. Friesz was the son of a long line of shipbuilders and sea captains. He went to school in his native city. It was while he was at the Lycée that he met his lifelong friend Raoul Dufy. He and Dufy studied at the Le Havre School of Fine Arts in 1895-96 and then went to Paris together for further study. In Paris, Friesz met Henri Matisse, Albert Marquet, and Georges Rouault. Like them, he rebelled against the academic teaching of Bonnat and became a member of the Fauves, exhibiting with them in 1907. The following year, Friesz returned to Normandy and to a much more traditional style of painting, since he had discovered that his personal goals in painting were firmly rooted in the past. He opened his own studio in 1912 and taught until 1914 at which time he joined the army for the duration of the war. He resumed living in Paris in 1919 and remained there, except for brief trips to Toulon and the Jura Mountains, until his death in 1949.

During the last thirty years of his life, he painted in a style completely removed from that of his earlier colleagues and his contemporaries. Having abandoned the lively arabesques and brilliant colors of his Fauve years, Friesz returned to the more sober palette he had learned in Le Havre from his professor Charles Lhuillier and to an early admiration for Poussin, Chardin, and Corot. He painted in a manner that respected Cézanne's ideas of logical composition, simple tonality, solidity of volume, and distinct separation of planes. A faint baroque flavor adds vigor to his (most known for) landscapes, still lifes, and figure paintings.

Othon Friesz died in Paris. He is buried in the Cimetière du Montparnasse. His pupils included the painter Marthe Rakine. More on Achille-Émile Othon Friesz

Pierre-Eugène Montézin, 1874-1946
Oil on paper laid down on canvas
28 3/4 by 28 3/4 in., 73 by 73 cm
Private collection

Neuilly-sur-Seine is a French commune just west of Paris, in the department of Hauts-de-Seine. A suburb of Paris, Neuilly is immediately adjacent to the city and directly extends it. The area is composed of mostly wealthy, select residential neighbourhoods, and many corporate headquarters are located there. More on Neuilly

Pierre-Eugene Montezin, French, 1874-1946, had a long and distinguished career as a landscape painter working in the style and according to the theories and principles, of the Impressionists.

Montézin was born in Paris, his father being a designer of lace who apprenticed his son to the workshop of a decorator specializing in murals. However, Montézin also studied under the painter Ernest Quost (1844-1931) and it was Quost together with Montézin’s interest in the Impressionists that persuaded him to embark on a career as a painter.

Montézin first exhibited at the Paris Salon in 1903 and continued to do so, being awarded a third class medal in 1907 and a second class medal in 1910. Montézin enlisted in 1914 and served throughout the Great War. On his return to painting he spent a year at Dreux and at Moret, painting landscapes of the region. In 1920 he was awarded the Rosa Bonheur prize at the Salon but exhibited more frequently at the Salon des Artistes Française. Here he was awarded the medal of honour and subsequently elected to the Jury Committee of the Artistes Française and also elected a member of the Academie des Beaux-Arts. In 1923 he was made Chevalier d’Honneur.

Montézin’s style was a continuation of that of the Impressionists, distinguished by spontaneity of brushwork and a clarity of light. More on Pierre-Eugene Montezin

Eugène Galien-Laloue, 1854-1941, FRENCH
Gouache on paper
19 by 31cm., 7½ by 12in.
Private collection

Eugène Galien-Laloue (1854–1941) was a French artist of French-Italian parents and was born in Paris on December 11, 1854. He was a populariser of street scenes, usually painted in autumn or winter. His paintings of the early 1900s accurately represent the era in which he lived: a happy, bustling Paris, la Belle Époque, with horse-drawn carriages, trolley cars and its first omnibuses. Galien-Laloue's works are valued not only for their contribution to 20th-century art, but for the actual history, which they document. His work can be seen at the Musée des Beaux-Arts, Louvier; Musée des Beaux-Arts, La Rochelle; Mulhouse, France.

A typical Galien-Laloue painting depicts sidewalks and avenues crowded with people or tourists mingling before the capital's monuments. He also painted the landscapes of Normandy and Seine-et-Marne, as well as military scenes he was commissioned to produce in 1914. The Republic of France selected Galien-Laloue to work as a 'war artist,' both during the Franco-Prussian War and World War I, chiefly in watercolor. More

Sigismund Ivanowski, 1875 - 1944
Oil on canvas
20 by 32 in., 50.5 by 81.4 cm
Private collection

The subject matter of the present work celebrates some of the important cultural themes of the Gilded Age: the growth of a consumerist culture and the advent of department stores, as well as ready-to-wear fashions such as the woman’s shirtwaist dress, and indeed the general joie de vivre that went with rapid industrialization and the associated enhanced quality of life. More on the Gilded Age

Sigismund Ivanowski, 1875 - 1944, was a portraitist and illustrator who immigrated from the Ukraine to American in 1902. Before coming to America, he had served as court painter to Nicholas II.  A 1907 interview by the New York Times states, "the thing that impresses you at once about him is his vital energy", which he found greatly reinforced in America. The free but exact brushwork, strong rhythms and luminous coloration are exhibited in work.

Ivanowski began his tutelage in Poland in 1887. He was a gold medalist student at St. Petersburg Academy of Fine Arts.  He further studied in Munich; Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris; Académie Julian in Paris from 1897 to 1898 under Jean Paul Laurens (1838-1921) and Benjamin Constant (1845-1902); and in London with James Abbott McNeill Whistler.  In America, he lived in Westfield, NJ, and kept a studio at the Hotel des Artistes in New York City. More on Sigismund Ivanowski

Jean Béraud, 1849 - 1935, FRENCH
Oil on canvas 
15 3/8 by 21 5/8 in., 39 by 55 cm
Private collection

As Béraud depicts in the present work, the Café de Suède was well located on the busy boulevard Montmartre and next door to the Théâtre des Variétés, founded in 1807 and still in operation today. Throughout the Belle Époque cafés could almost always be found neighboring a theater, each establishment taking advantage of the foot traffic and frequent turn-over of clientele from the other. Before it closed in 1901, the Café de Suède was known for its warm hospitality and diverse clientele— from actors to baccarat and billiard players, diamond merchants and, given the reported quality of its absinthe, those who “dreamily smoke or read or gaze, with goblets of a greenish liquor before them on the marble tables”. More on Café de Suède

Jean Béraud (January 12, 1849 – October 4, 1935) was a French painter, noted for his paintings of Parisian life during the Belle Époque. He was renowned in Paris society due to his numerous paintings depicting the life of Paris, and the nightlife of Paris society. He also painted religious subjects in a contemporary setting. Pictures of the Champs Elysees, cafeés, Montmartre and the banks of the Seine are precisely detailed illustrations of everyday Parisian era of the "Belle Époque". More Jean Béraud,

Jean Béraud, 1849 - 1935, FRENCH
Oil on canvas
14 3/4 by 22 in., 37.5 by 55.8 cm
Private collection

This spirited, light-filled painting shows Bastille Day in Paris in 1880. Exuberantly singing the Marseillaise, a group of workmen, artists, students and shopkeepers parade westward along the flag-draped rue St. Antoine from the Place de la Bastille towards the center of town.  In the background rises the Colonne de Juillet, erected on the former site of the Bastille prison as a memorial to the July Revolution of 1830. Like most of Jean Béraud’s paintings, in La Marseillaise the artist has created a terrific spectacle as well as an absorbing historical document. More on Bastille Day

Victor Gabriel Gilbert, 1847 - 1935, FRENCH
Oil on panel
16 5/8 by 24 in., 42 by 60.8 cm
Private collection

Frank Myers Boggs, American, 1855-1926 
The Seine at Paris
Oil on canvas 
53.98 cm (21.25 in.), Width: 64.77 cm (25.5 in.)
Private Collection

Frank Myers Boggs (* 6. December 1855 in Springfield , Ohio ; † August 8, 1926 in Meudon , Hauts-de-Seine )  was active, and naturalized in France .  He was a painter of urban landscapes, marine. Watercolorist , engraver , draftsman.

Mixing tonalist and impressionist elements, Frank Myers Boggs forged a novel artistic style at the juncture of fin-de-siècle American and European traditions. Born in Ohio, Boggs trained at the École des Beaux-Arts under Jean Léon Gerôme and spent the majority of his life in Paris. There, he accomplished the rare feat of gaining prominence in both the French and American art worlds. By the end of his life, Boggs had essentially transformed himself into a French impressionist: he became a French citizen in 1923 and earned the French Legion of Honor three years later. 

Boggs won a prize from the American Art Association in 1884 and silver medals from the Paris Universal Exposition of 1889 and the Chicago World’s Columbian Exposition of 1893. His paintings are now in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, Brooklyn Museum of Art, and Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, as well as the Réunion des Musées Nationaux of Paris, Luxembourg Museum, and Museum of Nantes in France. More on Frank Myers Boggs

Rue de Lappe, Paris, c. 1925
Watercolour and ink pen on paper
22,5 x 27 cm
Private Collection

Rue de Lappe. You can almost hear the music from the 1930's dance halls pouring out onto the street. Here in the Bastille neighborhood of Paris, Rue de Lappe is still quite the lively nightspot. With any number of bars, cafes, creperies, restaurants and clubs to choose from... you can keep going into the wee hours, whether you're eating, drinking...  More on Rue de Lappe

EDUARDO GARCÍA BENITO (VALLADOLID, 1891 - 1981) was an Art Deco painter and illustrator and the greatest Spanish exponent of the style. Born in 1881 in Valladolid and began his career as a painter at an early age, at age 12.

At the age of twenty-one, he was awarded a scholarship by the Valladolid city council to further his studies in Paris, where he quickly entered the artistic modernity circles, making friends with artists such as Pablo Gargallo , Picasso , José Clara , Juan Gris , Modigliani and Gauguin; which  would influence his work of artistic currents of Modernity. There he established himself as a portrait painter, a decorative artist and illustrator.

In 1917 he had his first exhibition in the gallery du Fauburg Saint-Honoré. From that date he exhibited regularly in the official salons of Paris : the Société Nationale des Beaux Arts and the Salon d'Automne.

At the time the best known work was as an illustrator for numerous newspapers: Gaceta du Bon Ton , Le Gout du Jour , La Guirlande and Les Feuillets and shortly thereafter regularly illustrated for Vogue and Vanity Fair, making many memorable covers and contributing to the aesthetics of Art Decós.

He lived between Paris and New York and made portraits of high society like that of actress Gloria Swanson. His contract with Vogue continued in the interwar period, but declined in the war years. In 1945 when the war ended, his drawings appear again with the latest fashions in Paris and he continued to contribute with Vogue until the end of the 40's. In his last years, Benito Benito focused on his facet of painter, as a muralist and portraitist. In 1962 he returned to Spain permanently and settled in Valladolid .

In 1974, the United States Congress passed a motion congratulating him for the cultural work he carried out in that country. He died in his hometown on December 1 , 1981. More on EDUARDO GARCÍA BENITO

Acknowledgement: Sotheby's,  and others

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