Saturday, February 4, 2017

10 Classic Works of Art, Marine Paintings - With Footnotes, #22

WILLIAM FORMBY HALSALL, (American, 1841-1919) 
ON THE HIGH SEAS 
Oil on canvas 
30 x 62 in., frame: 45 x 77 in. 
Private collection

William Formby Halsall (born 1841) was a marine painter born in Kirkdale, England. He lived at Provincetown, Massachusetts and died as a US citizen in 1919. Halsall was educated in Boston, Massachusetts and worked as a sailor for seven years from 1852 to 1859. In 1860, he had begun to study fresco painting but due to the outbreak of the American Civil War, he enlisted in the United States Navy. He resumed his fresco study after two years of service.

In 1862, Halsall changed to marine painting and studied at the Lowell Institute in Boston until 1870.[2] Halsall was also a founding member of the Provincetown Art Association in 1914. More William Formby Halsall

EDWARD BRODNEY, (American, 1910-2002)
FISHING BOATS
Oil on canvas
17 x 20 1/2 in
Private collection

EDWARD BRODNEY, (American, 1910-2002) was an American artist, particularly noted for his drawings and paintings of World War II. He was born and raised in Boston, Massachusetts, the son of an immigrant fisherman. One of seven children, an older brother was the screenwriter Oscar Brodney.

In 1936, Brodney won a competition by the Federal Works Progress Administration to paint a mural in the Massachusetts State House. He also painted a mural in the Newton, MA State House, and a second later in the Massachusetts State House.

Brodney was drafted in World War II, and served in the South Pacific. Officially serving as a medic, he painted soldiers in their everyday activities. Pictures in an exhibition of his work in honor of Memorial Day 2007 show servicemen repairing engines, carrying supplies off ships, storming a beach, and enjoying their days off.

Returning from the war, he opened an art gallery in Boston and continued to paint. Frequent subjects of his later work include people enjoying Boston Public Garden, horses, and people playing polo. More EDWARD BRODNEY


ARTHUR GROVER RIDER, (American, 1886-1975)
BOAT COMING ASHORE
Oil on canvas
30 x 40 in
Private collection

Arthur Grover Rider (1886-1975) was born in Chicago, IL on March 21, 1886.  Rider received his early training at the Chicago Academy of Fine Arts.  In his student years he painted for the Chicago Lyric Opera and later traveled to Europe.  While living in London, he painted for the London Opera at Covent Garden.  Arthur Rider further studied at Académies de la Grande-Chaumiére and Colarossi in Paris, and exhibited there at the George Petite Galleries.  For nine summers he painted in Spain and it was there that he met Joaquin Sorolla who greatly influenced his work. They painted together on the Valencian Beach, and when Sorolla died in 1923, Rider was an integral part of the funeral cortége.  While in Spain, Rider's works were exhibited at the court of Valencia.


ARTHUR GROVER RIDER, (American, 1886-1975)
Beaching the Boat,  Circa 1920
Oxen retrieving fishing boat in Valencia
 Oil on Canvas
Signature:  Lower Right
34" x 44"
Private collection

Trips were made to California during the 1920s before settling in Laguna Beach in 1931. For over thirty years he was one of the leading scenic artists with MGM and Fox Studios. He painted murals for the Century of Progress Expo of Chicago in 1933 and the GGIE of 1939. A versatile artist, he excelled in painting florals, landscapes, seascapes, animals, and figures. During his last years he made trips to Taxco, Mexico and specialized in architectural themes such as cathedrals and buildings with red tile roofs.  Arthur Rider died in Pasadena on Jan. 25, 1975. More Arthur Grover Rider

Boris Kriukov, 1895-1967
Inmigrantes, Argentina, c.1955 
Oil on canvas
60 x 80 cm
Private collection

Boris Kriukow was born on January 19, 1895 in Orhiyiv, Bessarabia (now Moldova). His father was an official in the court of justice of that town.

After finishing the Kyiv Art School in 1918, he concentrated on graphic art. In the interwar period he illustrated over 500 books, among them works by Shevchenko, Franko, Dickens, Antonenko-Davydovych, etc., as well as books for childrens. He was recognized as one of the best graphic artists in Ukraine. During World War Two, 1943, he moved to Lviv, where he took part in an exhibition, one of his paintings being called by art critics "the jewel" of that exhibition. From 1944 to 1948 he lived in Austria, and painted under the pseudonym of Ivan Usatenko, taking part in art exhibitions in Salzburg, Innsbruck, etc.

In 1948, he emigrated to Argentina and settled in Buenos Aires, where he held personal exhibitions in the most renowned art galleries. His oil paintings were also exhibited in Canada (Toronto, 1956), and USA (New York City, 1963 and 1965).

At the same time, he worked as a book illustrator for both Argentine and Ukrainian publishing houses. 1950–1960 he illustrated up to 80 Ukrainian books for Mykola Denysiuk publishers, Buenos Aires. He cooperated, too, with the Julian Serediak publishing firm, editors of the "Mitla" (The Broom) humor magazine, where his own book, Smikholina (Laughter-Drops) was published (1966).

From 1950 until his death, he was the only illustrator of the great series "The Unforgettable Classics" (all editions in Spanish) of the famous "Ateneo" publishing firm: More Boris Kriukow

HERMANN HUBER, (Swiss, 1888-1967) 
BEACH SCENE 
Oil on panel 
12 x 16 in., frame: 18 x 22 in. 
Private collection

Hermann Huber, (born 13 September 1888 in Wiedikon , died December 9, 1967 in Hirzel ) was a Swiss painter and graphic artist . Her attended school in Wiedikon where he met his future artist colleague Reinhold Kündig in 1900, who married his sister Hedi in 1916. At the Kunstgewerbeschule in Zurich he made friends with Otto Meyer (Otto Meyer-Amden). After living in Düsseldorf , Berlin, and Munich, and his first sales of his own etchings , he went to Rome with Kündig in 1908 and Jan Verkade (Willibrord Verkade) to Jerusalem , where he worked on the painting of the Dormitio Abbey . Back in Zurich, he exhibited his paintings from Palestine and had a joint exhibition with Kündig, Victor Schulte and Eduard Bick at the Zurich Kunsthaus . In 1911 he became a member of the avant-garde association Der Moderne Bund, founded by Hans Arp , Werner Helbig and Oskar Lüthy . He exhibited at the Berlin Secession in 1911, 1912 and 1918; he was also represented at the special exhibition in Cologne in 1912 . 1912/13 he stayed with Willi Baumeister and Meyer in Amden , Meyer stayed there until 1928. In 1913 Herwarth Walden showed three oil paintings and eleven etchings at the First German Autumn Salon in Berlin. In 1914, he was one of the 24 artists represented by Adolf Hölzel in the so-called "Expressionist Hall" within the framework of the large Stuttgart art exhibition of the Association of Friends of Art in the Rhine Lands.

In 1914 he married Eveline Grisebach, a cousin of the philosopher Eberhard Grisebach , whom he had met in 1913 with Cuno Amiet . In 1915, Huber turned away from the expressionistic pictorial language.

Bruno Cassirer conducted a solo exhibition in Berlin in 1923. Already in 1924, a monograph on the artist, 36 years old, was published by Hans Trog , the art critic of the Neue Zürcher Zeitung , and Curt Glaser , the Berlin art critic. In 1932/33 he housed the deathly ill Meyer-Amden with him on the peninsula Au . From 1933 he lived retired in Sihlbrugg. More Hermann Huber 

AMERICAN SCHOOL, (19th/20th century) 
THE UNCAS WHALING OFF THE CAPE OF GOOD HOPE 
Oil on canvas 
17 1/2 x 23 1/2 in
Private collection

Off the Cape of Good Hope, the American whaling ship “Uncas”, fully-rigged, is viewed lengthwise in the foreground. At far left is another American ship, and an English ship is at far right; other unidentified ships are in the background. Several whales can be seen blowing spouts of water through their blowholes, as men in longboats pursue them with harpoons. In the far background are the cliffs of the Cape. 

An old handwritten paper label verso notes, "This is the whaling ship Uncas/Built in 1828 at Falmouth. Transferred to A. H. Howland in 1843. Sold and went into merchant service an 1862./1st Capt. H. C. Bunker 1828/Artist unknown. South Pacific, sperm whales in picture." 


Louis Le Breton, (1818–1866) 
The Austerlitz, 19th century
Louis Le Breton, témoin des marines du XIXème siècle.
Private collection

The Austerlitz was a late 100-gun Hercule-class ship of the line of the French Navy. Laid down as Ajax, she was renamed Austerlitz on 28 November 1839, still on keel.

In 1850, her rigging was changed for that of a 90-gun, and a steam engine was installed. She took part in operations in the Black Sea in 1854.

From 1871, she was used as a prison hulk of prisoners of the Paris Commune. Between 1874 and 1894, she was used as a school ship. She was eventually broken up in 1895. More Austerlitz

Louis Le Breton (1818 in Douarnenez – 1866) was a French painter who specialised in marine paintings.

Le Breton studied medicine and took part in Dumont d'Urville's second voyage aboard the Astrolabe. After the official illustrator of the expedition died, Le Breton replaced him.

From 1847 he devoted himself mainly to depicting marine subjects for the French Navy. More Louis Le Breton

AFTER ANTOINE ANGE-JOSEPH ROUX, (French, 1765-1835) 
THE NAIAD OF SALEM
Copy by A. Clive Edwards, Artist 
Watercolor 
18 x 24 in
Private collection

The Brig “Naiad,” of 259 tons burden, was built in Haverhill in 1817 for Pickering Dodge of Salem and was first registered at the Salem Custom House July 18, 1819, Nathaniel Osgood being the master. On Thursday, October 28, 1819, she arrived from Calcutta on her first voyage, having been struck by lightning the Sunday previous. The second mate, William Griffen, who was on the main topsail yard was instantly killed and fell into the sea with his clothes burning. The vessel, however, received but trifling damage. More The Brig Naiad

Ange-Joseph Antoine Roux, "Antoine Roux" (1765–1835) was a French marine artist famous for his watercolor ship portraits created during the most epic time of the sailing ship era.

He was born March 5, 1765 I Marseille, France, to Joseph Roux and Marie-Ursule Demoline. Antoine grew up in his father’s hydrographic shop where he picked up his nautical knowledge. The earliest known his work is a sketch from 1787, signed and dated, showing pieces of a man-of-war. Later sketchbooks are in collection at the Peabody Essex Museum. He became very popular for the accuracy in ship’s depiction and the way he made them seem alive. Ship owners and captains were eager to entrust him with creating paintings of their ships. He portrayed ships of every nation visiting Marseille during decades, including many United States navy and merchant ships. His creations are invaluable original source of the knowledge about old sailing ships.

 ANTOINE ANGE-JOSEPH ROUX, (French, 1765-1835) 
American Frigate Entering a French Port, c. 1805
American ships entering Marseilles
Unidentified Frigate and sloop.
Watercolor
18 x 24 in
Peabody Essex Museum

For the most part Antoine’s style remained the same, especially when it came to hulls and rigging, which he depicted with excellent skill. One area that changed was his depiction of water. It was around 1805-1806 that he stopped illustrating waves so formally with high-crested wavelets, except in the instance of rough seas, and replaced them with softer and more natural looking waves.

He continued to paint and work in the hydrographic shop up until his death. More Ange-Joseph Antoine Roux

Louis Le Breton (1818–1866) 
New York Panoramic View, c. 1850,
Lithograph 
19" by 14"
Private collection

Louis Le Breton, (1818–1866) 
New York Panoramic View, c. 1850, France
Detail

19th Century color lithograph of New York harbor / Manhattan and East River panoramic view as seen from Ellis Island. Sailing ship in the foreground has an American flag design popular in the 1840's known as the Grand Luminary where the individual stars form a single, larger star. Inscription bellow the image states "del et lith par L. Lebreton." 

Louis Lebreton (1818-1866) was a French Naval surgeon, painter and noted lithographer of ships and nautical subjects.

Louis Le Breton (1818–1866) 
New York Panoramic View, c. 1850, France
Detail

At age nineteen Lebreton embarked on a three year trip to the South Pole and Oceania as assistant surgeon of the vessel Astrolabe. The Astrolabe and the Zélée where two French Navy corvettes. The young artist Ernest Goupil (c.1814-1841) was responsible for recording the places, people, flora and fauna encountered during the expedition. Goupil caught dysentery while passing through Malaysia and died during the night of December 31st 1839. From then on, Lebreton took over recording the expedition. Back in France, Lebreton also worked on the publication of the trip entitled "Voyage au Pôle Sud et dans l'Océanie sur les corvettes l'Astrolabe et la Zélée." After several other voyages, Lebreton finally resigned his post as Naval Surgeon and settled in Paris where he devoted himself to painting and engraving a variety of nautical subjects. He died in 1866 when he was 48 years old. More Louis Le Breton

Louis Le Breton (1818–1866) 
New York Panoramic View, c. 1850, France
Detail







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