14 Classic Works of Marine Paintings - With Footnotes, # 25

Franz Emil Krause, 1836-1900
Cutter in Harbour with sailing boat approaching, 
Oil on canvas
24 x 39.4 cm (9.5 x 15.5 ins)
Private collection

A cutter can be either a small- or medium-sized vessel whose occupants exercise official authority. Examples are harbor pilots' cutters and cutters of the U.S. Coast Guard, or UK Border Force...

Franz (Francis) Krause (1836-1900) was born outside Berlin in in 1836. He specialized in landscape and marine painting and started to exhibit at the Berlin academy exhibitions in 1879.  His favorite subjects were landscapes in Schleswig, rocky beaches and coastlines as well as English and Dutch impressions of nature. 

They moved to England, settling in Southport where some of his paintings were of shipwrecks.  One of these paintings hangs in Southport Art Gallery as does one by his son Emil.  Francis eventually moved to Conwy, North Wales where he painted some beautiful canvases of the local countryside.  In 1900 Krause died at the age of about 64. More Franz (Francis) Krause

Eugène Louis Boudin, 1824 - 1898
LE HAVRE. L'AVANT-PORT, circa 1883-1887.
Oil on panel
10 3/4 x 13 3/4 in.
Private collection

The city and port of Le Havre were founded by the King Francis I of France in 1517. Economic development in the Early modern period was hampered by religious wars, conflicts with the English, epidemics, and storms. It was from the end of the 18th century that Le Havre started growing and the port took off first with the slave trade then other international trade.

The port of Le Havre consists of a series of canal-like docks, the Canal de Tancarville and the Grand Canal du Havre, that connect Le Havre to the Seine, close to the Pont de Tancarville. The port deals with every type of commodities thanks to the diversity of its terminals. Le Havre was the first container port in France and as a consequence retains a lot of facilities. Nowadays, the port of Le Havre includes three sets of terminals dedicated to containers and 6.5 kilometres of dock. The north terminal has approximately 96 ha of central reservation and consists of three terminals. More Le Havre

Eugène Louis Boudin; 12 July 1824 – 8 August 1898) was one of the first French landscape painters to paint outdoors. Boudin was a marine painter, and expert in the rendering of all that goes upon the sea and along its shores. 

Born at Honfleur, Boudin was the son of a harbor pilot, and at age 10 the young boy worked on a steamboat that ran between Le Havre and Honfleur. In 1835 the family moved to Le Havre, where Boudin's father opened a store for stationery and picture frames. Here the young Eugene worked, later opening his own small shop. In his shop, in which pictures were framed, Boudin came into contact with artists working in the area and exhibited in the shop their paintings. At the age of 22 he started painting full-time, and traveled to Paris the following year and then through Flanders. In 1850 he earned a scholarship that enabled him to move to Paris, although he often returned to paint in Normandy and, from 1855, made regular trips to Brittany.

In 1857/58 Boudin befriended the young Claude Monet, then only 18, and persuaded him to give up his teenage caricature drawings and to become a landscape painte. The two remained lifelong friends and Monet later paid tribute to Boudin’s early influence. Boudin joined Monet and his young friends in the first Impressionist exhibition in 1873, but never considered himself a radical or innovator.

Late in his life he returned to the south of France as a refuge from ill-health, and recognizing soon that the relief it could give him was almost spent, he returned to his home at Deauville, to die within sight of Channel waters and under the Channel skies he had painted so often. More

Eugène Louis Boudin, 1824 - 1898
Oil on panel
13 3/4 x 10 5/8 in.
Private collection

The city and port of Le Havre, see above

Eugène Louis Boudin, 1824 - 1898, see above

Eugène Boudin, 1824-1898
Oil on canvas
40.3 by 65.3cm., 16 by 25 1/2 in.
Private collection

The old causeway of Portrieux, was built in 1726, thanks to the financing of the local shipowners and the states of Brittany, in 1822. At that time and until 1848, Portrieux was part of the commune of 'Etables, before being ceded to the commune of Saint-Quay-Portrieux, Portrieux, also called "Port-ès-Rieux", and represents the only port where ships can enter at all tides. There is an active trade, particularly with the Channel Islands (cattle, wheat, oats). However, due to the erosion of the cliffs of Port Es Leu, the harbor is dwindling. More Portrieux

Eugène Louis Boudin, 1824 - 1898, see above

Egon Schiele, (1890–1918)
Sailboats in the Waves (Trieste), c. 1907
Oil and pencil on cardboard
25 × 18 cm
Styrian National Museum, Graz, Austria

Trieste is a city and seaport in northeastern Italy. It is situated towards the end of a narrow strip of Italian territory lying between the Adriatic Sea and Slovenia, which lies almost immediately south and east of the city.

Trieste was one of the oldest parts of the Habsburg Monarchy. In the 19th century, it was the most important port of one of the Great Powers of Europe. As a prosperous seaport in the Mediterranean region, Trieste became the fourth largest city of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.  More Trieste

Egon Schiele (German: 12 June 1890 – 31 October 1918) was an Austrian painter. A protégé of Gustav Klimt, Schiele was a major figurative painter of the early 20th century. His work is noted for its intensity and its raw sexuality, and the many self-portraits the artist produced, including naked self-portraits. The twisted body shapes and the expressive line that characterize Schiele's paintings and drawings mark the artist as an early exponent of Expressionism. More

Neil Bolton, b. 1958
Sea at Pencabe
Oil on board
31 x 41 cm
Private Collection

Pencabe is located on the eastern coast of the Roseland Peninsula, Cornwall, overlooking the dramatic Gerrans Bay.

Neil Bolton was born in 1958, studied Art at Ipswich and Norwich Schools of Art and worked for the Department of Art at Homerton College, Cambridge.

Oil painting on canvas is the main form of Neil's art which is focused on the areas of landscape, portraiture and figurative, as well as still life. Made from direct observation of the subject by painting outside in the landscape in the manner of the Plein air artists such as Camille Corot, Claude Monet and the French Impressionists.

Regular visits to familiar places in Cornwall, Suffolk, North Yorkshire and recently Andalusia in Spain, provide the basis of Neil's landscape painting.  More Neil Bolton

Maxime Maufra, 1861 - 1918
Oil on canvas
60.6 by 73cm., 23 7/8 by 28 3/4 in.
Private Collection

KERHOSTIN Is the first village at the entrance of the Presqu'île de Quiberon (Peninsula of Quiberon),  in Brittany in western France. Formerly, and presumably until the Middle Ages, the Peninsula was an island which the marine currents have since attached to the continent by a tombolo (arrow of sand).

Maxime Maufra (May 17, 1861 in Nantes – May 23, 1918), was a French landscape and marine painter, etcher and lithographer. Maufra first began painting at 18. However, he did not fully embrace his painting career right away. He remained in the first place a businessman and only painted in his spare time from 1884 to 1890. During this period, Maufra discovered the work of the Impressionists. He also displayed his works at the Paris Salon of 1886.

In 1890, Maufra decided to give up business and to become a full-time painter. He left Nantes for Brittany, where he was met Paul Gauguin and Paul Sérusier. Maufra had his first solo exhibition in Paris in 1894, at Le Barc de Toutteville. He subsequently exhibited with Durand-Ruel, to whom he remained under contract for the rest of his life. More Maxime Maufra 

Edward William Cooke, 1811 - 1880
(Dover pilot boat) off the North Foreland, c. 1864
Watercolour heightened with white
17.2 x 24.8cm (6 3/4 x 9 3/4in).
Private Collection

North Foreland is a chalk headland on the Kent coast of southeast England and forms  the eastern end of the Isle of Thanet. It presents a bold cliff to the sea, and commands views over the southern North Sea. More North Foreland

Edward William Cooke, R.A., F.R.S., F.Z.S., F.S.A., F.G.S. (27 March 1811 – 4 January 1880) was an English landscape and marine painter, and gardener. Cooke was born in Pentonville, London. He was raised in the company of artists. He was a precocious draughtsman and a skilled engraver from an early age, displayed an equal preference for marine subjects and published his "Shipping and Craft" – a series of accomplished engravings – when he was 18, in 1829. Cooke began painting in oils in 1833, and first exhibited at the Royal Academy and British Institution in 1835, by which time his style was essentially formed.

He went on to travel and paint with great industry at home and abroad, indulging his love of the 17th-century Dutch marine artists with a visit to the Netherlands in 1837. He returned regularly over the next 23 years, studying the effects of the coastal landscape and light, as well as the works of the country's Old Masters, resulting in highly successful paintings. He went on to travel in Scandinavia, Spain, North Africa and, above all, to Venice. In 1858, he was elected into the National Academy of Design as an Honorary Academician. . More Edward William Cooke

James Humbert Craig, (1877–1944)
The Kerry Coast, c.1928
Oil on canvas
61.7 x 76.8 cm
Ulster Museum, Northern Ireland

Kerry means the "people of Ciar" which was the name of the pre-Gaelic tribe who lived in part of the present county. The legendary founder of the tribe was Ciar, son of Fergus mac Róich. In Old Irish "Ciar" meant black or dark brown, and the word continues in use in modern Irish as an adjective describing a dark complexion. 

County Kerry is a county in Ireland. It is located in the South-West Region  More on Kerry

James Humbert Craig (July 12, 1877 in Belfast – June 12, 1944) was an Irish painter. Craig was born in Belfast to Alexander Craig, a tea merchant, and a Swiss mother, Marie Metzenen, from a family with a painting tradition. He was raised in County Down and maintained a studio at Cushendun, County Antrim. Craig abandoned a career in business, briefly attended the Belfast School of Art, and became a mostly self-taught painter of landscapes. Among his favorite panoramas were Donegal, Connemara and the Glens of Antrim. Craig was elected to the Royal Ulster Academy and the Royal Hibernian Academy in 1928. He also exhibited at the Fine Art Society in London. More James Humbert Craig

James Humbert Craig, (1877–1944)
Seascape or Clouds from the Atlantic
Oil on canvas
55.5 x 68.5 cm
Queen's University, Belfast

James Humbert Craig (July 12, 1877 in Belfast – June 12, 1944) see above

Jose Vives-Atsara, (1919-2004)
Ocean Waves, 1967
Oil on canvas
12 x 14 in.
Private Collection

Jose Vives-Atsara (1919-2004), a native Spaniard, Vives-Atsara developed a love of painting at an early age, and by age 11 had committed himself to becoming an artist. He studied at Colegio de San Ramon and had his first one-person show at age 14. In 1947, he set out to move with his wife and child to the United States. The family settled in San Antonio, Texas. Vives-Atsara developed a close relationship with the Incarnate Word College, becoming, over the years, both a professor of art, and Artist in Residence. For his vibrant oil paintings, he used only nine colors, mixed in a variety of ways. More Vives-Atsara

Paul Signac, 1863 - 1935
LES SABLES D'OLONNE, circa 1925.
Watercolour on paper
9 3/8 x 11 5/8 in.
Private Collection

Les Sables-d'Olonne, "the sands of Olonne", is a seaside town in western France, on the Atlantic Ocean. More Les Sables-d'Olonne
Paul Signac, (born Nov. 11, 1863, Paris, France—died Aug. 15, 1935, Paris) French painter who, with Georges Seurat, developed the technique called pointillism.
When he was 18, Signac gave up the study of architecture for painting and, through Armand Guillaumin, became a convert to the colouristic principles of Impressionism. In 1884 Signac helped found the Salon des Indépendants. There he met Seurat, whom he initiated into the broken-colour technique of Impressionism. The two went on to develop the method they called pointillism, which became the basis of Neo-Impressionism. They continued to apply pigment in minute dabs of pure colour, as had the Impressionists, but they adopted an exact, almost scientific system of applying the dots, instead of the somewhat intuitive application of the earlier masters. In watercolours Signac used the principle in a much freer manner. After 1886 he took part regularly in the annual Salon des Indépendants, to which he sent landscapes, seascapes, and decorative panels. Being a sailor, Signac traveled widely along the European coast, painting the landscapes he encountered. In his later years he painted scenes of Paris, Viviers, and other French cities.
Signac produced much critical writing and was the author of From Eugène Delacroix to Neo-Impressionism (1899) and Jongkind (1927). The former book is an exposition of pointillism, while the latter is an insightful treatise on watercolour painting. More

André Lhote, 1885 - 1962
SUR LA PLAGE, c. 1928.
Pastel on paper laid down on canvas
36 5/8 x 63 in.
Private Collection

André Lhote (5 July 1885 – 24 January 1962) was a French Cubist painter of figure subjects, portraits, landscapes and still life. He was also very active and influential as a teacher and writer on art.

Lhote was born in Bordeaux and learned wood carving and sculpture from the age of 12, when his father apprenticed him to a local furniture maker to be trained as a sculptor in wood. He enrolled at the École des Beaux-Arts in Bordeaux in 1898 and studied decorative sculpture until 1904. Whilst there, he began to paint in his spare time. He was influenced by Gauguin and Cézanne and held his first one-man exhibition at the Galerie Druet in 1910, four years after he had moved to Paris.

After initially working in a Fauvist style, Lhote shifted towards Cubism and started exhibiting at the Salon de la Section d'Or. He was alongside some of the fathers of modern art, including Gleizes, Villon, Duchamp, Metzinger, Picabia and La Fresnaye.

Lhote taught at the Académie Notre-Dame des Champs from 1918 to 1920, and later taught at other Paris art schools—including the Académie de la Grande Chaumière and his own school, which he founded in Montparnasse in 1922. 

Lhote lectured extensively in France and other countries. In Egypt Lhote worked with Effat Nagy using Egyptian archaeology as subject matter for their work. His work was rewarded with the Grand Prix National de Peinture for 1955, and the UNESCO commission for sculpture appointed Lhote president of the International Association of Painters, Engravers and Sculptors. More André Lhote 

Gustave-Adolphe Mossa, NICE 1883 - 1971 NICE
SEA NYMPH, c. 1909
Pencil and watercolor on paper
49,5 x 31,5cm, 19 1/2  by 12 3/8  in
Private Collection

Water nymphs are usually known as guardians of water spots. However, Mossa's water nymph is here drowning a ship full of naked sailors, panicking.

In 1908, Mossa marries Charlotte-Andrée Naudin who, from then on, often poses as a model for him, as for this composition. Jean-Roger Soubiran describes the way the artist paints his wife "in a spleen, as if holding back from her inner cunning desires", illustrated in the duality of our composition with the serenity in the nymph's body and the chaos in the lower part. More Water nymphs 

Gustave Adolphe Mossa (1883-1971) had a very distinctive artistic style. He was a great admirer of Moreau, and he treats the key themes of symbolism – the femme fatale, death, mythology and perversity, with a strong sense of irony mixed with admiration. Not much has been written about his life, but he was born in Nice, and produced a remarkable amount of paintings and illustrations in his artistic career, which lasted around fifteen years. He was wounded during the First World War, and from 1918 onwards, his work lost its Symbolist touches. Incidentally, WWI is often cited as the event which brought about the true end of the Symbolist and Decadent movements – a society torn apart by conflict and loss could no longer tolerate the culture of indulgence, art-for-art’s-sake, and immorality. More Gustave Adolphe Mossa

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