8 Works by Louis Icart, Honoré Daumier, Henri Toulouse-Lautrec, , Pablo Picasso and Marc Chagall, with footnotes

Louis Icart, (French;1888-1950)
Frou Frou, c. 1948
Etching and drypoint
19" H x 15 1/2" W
Private collection

Louis Icart Laurent Justin , born in 1888 in Toulouse and died in 1950 in Paris , is a painter, engraver and illustrator.

Impressed by its designer, his aunt made the move to Paris: she showed his work to the House Valmont, milliner to the Belle Époque . Louis Icart was then introduced in the illustration media for the fashion press. He drew for periodic Theatrical Reviews and for home catalogs and couture .

Trained in carving, he presented his original works to the Salon comedians. His portraits of women, Parisian, began to appeal to the public.

He was a pilot during the First World War. He flew in several air missions, but did not stop drawing.

In 1920, he exhibited at the gallery Simonson in Paris, then in 1922 in New York's Belmaison gallery, where he exhibited more than thirty paintings in the Art Deco style. Following this exhibition, his prints experience some success in America, until 1932.

His work includes over five hundred engravings. He also participated in the illustration of thirty books, including a number of erotic illustrations.
During the Occupation , he composed an engraved series called Exodus .
His work was forgotten after the war, but aroused new interest when, in 1970 , part of his first paintings were found in the attic of an art school
His works were first exhibited in North America in 1945 and he subsequently achieved even greater success in his last years. More on Louis Icart

Louis Icart, (French;1888-1950)
Sleeping Beauty
Etching with drypoint,
15" H x 19 1/4" W
Private collection

Marc Chagall
La Caverne des Nymphes (from Daphnis et Chloé), c. 1961
Color lithograph on Arches paper
6.13 X 24.75 in (40.97 X 62.86 cm)
Private collection

Marc Zakharovich Chagall (1887 – 28 March 1985) was a Russian-French artist. An early modernist, he was associated with several major artistic styles and created works in virtually every artistic medium, including painting, book illustrations, stained glass, stage sets, ceramic, tapestries and fine art prints.

Chagall saw his work as "not the dream of one people but of all humanity. According to art historian Michael J. Lewis, Chagall was considered to be "the last survivor of the first generation of European modernists". Using the medium of stained glass, he produced windows for the cathedrals of Reims and Metz, windows for the UN, and the Jerusalem Windows in Israel. He also did large-scale paintings, including part of the ceiling of the Paris Opéra.

Before World War I, he traveled between St. Petersburg, Paris, and Berlin. During this period he created his own mixture and style of modern art based on his idea of Eastern European Jewish folk culture. He spent the wartime years in Soviet Belarus, becoming one of the country's most distinguished artists and a member of the modernist avant-garde, founding the Vitebsk Arts College before leaving again for Paris in 1922.

He experienced modernism's "golden age" in Paris, where "he synthesized the art forms of Cubism, Symbolism, and Fauvism, and the influence of Fauvism gave rise to Surrealism". "When Matisse dies," Pablo Picasso remarked in the 1950s, "Chagall will be the only painter left who understands what colour really is" More on Marc Zakharovich Chagall

Pablo Picasso
Le Grand Maternite, c. 1963
35 2/5 × 24 4/5 in, 90 × 63 cm
Private collection

A mother gazes down lovingly at her young child cradled in her arms in Pablo Picasso Grande Maternité (Grand Maternity), 1963. Rendered in simple sweeping black lines, the soft body of the woman and child perfectly represent the sweet love that is directed between the two. Much of the lithograph is devoid of color – expect the flowers crowning the head of the woman. A delicate green frond twists its way through her hair with tiny pink and blue flowers. Behind her head the background bursts with greenery – marking her as full of life. Though her face is simply lines, Picasso manages to depict an immense amount of emotion. This is the genius of Picasso – with relative simplicity, Picasso manages to extract waves of feeling. This is most certainly true of Picasso Grande Maternité, and one cannot help but be drawn into the comforting and loving scene as well. More on this work

Pablo Ruiz y Picasso, also known as Pablo Picasso (25 October 1881 – 8 April 1973), was a Spanish painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, stage designer, poet and playwright who spent most of his adult life in France. Regarded as one of the greatest and most influential artists of the 20th century, he is known for co-founding the Cubist movement, the invention of constructed sculpture, the co-invention of collage, and for the wide variety of styles that he helped develop and explore. One of his most famous works are the proto-Cubist Les Demoiselles d'Avignon (1907).
Picasso demonstrated extraordinary artistic talent in his early years, painting in a naturalistic manner through his childhood and adolescence. During the first decade of the 20th century, his style changed as he experimented with different theories, techniques, and ideas. His work is often categorized into periods. While the names of many of his later periods are debated, the most commonly accepted periods in his work are the Blue Period (1901–1904), the Rose Period (1904–1906), the African-influenced Period (1907–1909), Analytic Cubism (1909–1912), and Synthetic Cubism (1912–1919), also referred to as the Crystal period.
Exceptionally prolific throughout the course of his long life, Picasso achieved universal renown and immense fortune for his revolutionary artistic accomplishments, and became one of the best-known figures in 20th-century art. More on Pablo Picasso

Henri Toulouse-Lautrec
Femme en Corset--Conquète de Passage/ Woman in Corset, c. 1896
Color lithograph
20.25 X 15.75 in (51.44 X 40.01 cm)
The National Gallery

Though very technically capturing a scene in motion, perhaps what is most striking about this arresting piece by Lautrec is the resolute, peaceful sense of still that exudes from the picture plane. A woman, half enshrouded in her discarded garments, stands tall with her back to the viewer, her strong arms gracefully following what appears to be a familiar but elegant ritual of redressing. A male form, identifiable as a patron of the brothel by his top hat, can be found fading into the furnishings of the room, his erect posture and carefully non-descript features solidifying his position as background in the composition. More on this work

Henri Marie Raymond de Toulouse-Lautrec-Monfa (24 November 1864 – 9 September 1901), also known as Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec was a French painter, printmaker, draughtsman and illustrator whose immersion in the colourful and theatrical life of Paris in the late 19th century allowed him to produce a collection of enticing, elegant and provocative images of the modern, sometimes decadent, life of those times. Toulouse-Lautrec is among the best-known painters of the Post-Impressionist period, alongside Cézanne, Van Gogh and Gauguin. In a 2005 auction at Christie's auction house, La Blanchisseuse, his early painting of a young laundress, sold for US$22.4 million and set a new record for the artist for a price at auction. More on Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec

Many of Lautrec’s works are devoted to scenes from the life of brothels. In Paris, the artist had two favorite brothels, where he sometimes spent weeks wandering around here with friends and drawing prostitutes.

Honoré Daumier
Trois Avocats causant/ Three Lawyers chatting, c. 1860
Pencil on cream laid paper
12 X 7 in (30.48 X 17.78 cm)
Private collection

Honoré-Victorin Daumier (February 26, 1808 – February 10, 1879) was a French printmaker, caricaturist, painter, and sculptor, whose many works offer commentary on social and political life in France in the 19th century.

Daumier produced over 500 paintings, 4000 lithographs, 1000 wood engravings, 1000 drawings and 100 sculptures. A prolific draughtsman, he was perhaps best known for his caricatures of political figures and satires on the behavior of his countrymen, although posthumously the value of his painting has also been recognized.

Daumier was born in Marseille. His father Jean-Baptiste was a glazier whose literary aspirations led him to move to Paris in 1814, seeking to be published as a poet. In 1816 the young Daumier and his mother followed Jean-Baptiste to Paris. Daumier showed in his youth an irresistible inclination towards the artistic profession, which his father vainly tried to check by placing him first with a huissier. In 1822 he became protégé to Alexandre Lenoir, a friend of Daumier's father who was an artist and archaeologist. The following year Daumier entered the Académie Suisse. He also worked for a lithographer and publisher named Belliard, and made his first attempts at lithography.

Having mastered the techniques of lithography, Daumier began his artistic career by producing plates for music publishers, and illustrations for advertisements. This was followed by anonymous work for publishers, in which he emulated the style of Charlet and displayed considerable enthusiasm for the Napoleonic legend. After the revolution of 1830 he created art which expressed his political beliefs. Daumier was almost blind by 1873. More Honoré-Victorin Daumier

Honoré Daumier
Un homme aux cheveux longs/ A man with long hair
Pen and black and brown ink and gray wash on cream laid
3.63 X 3 in (9.22 X 7.62 cm)
Private collection

Pen and black and brown ink and gray wash on cream laid paper. 92x77 mm; Pen and black and brown ink and gray wash on cream laid paper. 92x77 mm; 3 5/8x3 inches. Initialed in ink, lower left recto.

Louis Icart
Mimi, c. 1927
Color Etching
20.5 X 13 in (52.07 X 33.02 cm)
Private collection

Woman looking out window at a snow scene, dresses in blue and white gown, fur hand warmers. 

Please visit my other blogs: Art CollectorMythologyMarine ArtPortrait of a Lady, The OrientalistArt of the Nude and The Canals of VeniceMiddle East Artists365 Saints and 365 Days, also visit my Boards on Pinterest

Images are copyright of their respective owners, assignees or others. Some Images may be subject to copyright

I don't own any of these images - credit is always given when due unless it is unknown to me. if I post your images without your permission, please tell me.

I do not sell art, art prints, framed posters or reproductions. Ads are shown only to compensate the hosting expenses.

If you enjoyed this post, please share with friends and family.

Thank you for visiting my blog and also for liking its posts and pages.

Please note that the content of this post primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online.

No comments:

Post a Comment