Sunday, July 1, 2018

01 Paintings, PORTRAIT OF A LADY, of the 18th & 19th C., with Footnotes. #38

Valentin Alexandrovich Serov (1865 - 1911)
Portrait of Maria F. Jakuntjikova, c. (1885 - 1888)
Oil on canvas
Height: 136 mm (5.35 in); Width: 100 mm (3.93 in)
Malmö Art Museum, Malmö, Scania, in southern Sweden

Maria Fyodorovna Andreyeva was the stage name of Maria Fyodorovna Yurkovskaya (July 4, 1868 – December 8, 1953), a Russian/Soviet actress and Bolshevik administrator. Her father, Fyodor Alexandrovich Fyodorov-Yurkovsky was the director of the Alexandrinsky Theater, and her mother was an actress. She followed into the steps of her parents. After drama school she went to Kazan, aged 18. She married Andrey Zhelyabuzhsky

After Zhelyabuzhsky received a new post, the family moved to Tiflis, where she had success as an actress. They next moved to Moscow, where Andreyeva worked with Konstantin Stanislavsky at the Moscow Art Theatre. She made her Moscow debut on December 15, 1894. She enjoyed great success.

By 1914, she was active in attempts to promote classical theatre to the masses. Between 1918 and 1921, she was Commissar of Theaters and Public Shows in Petrograd. She was instrumental in the establishment of the Bolshoi Drama Theater, which opened in 1919. In January that year she was nominated head of the art section of the Narkompros in Petrograd. The Petrograd Soviet refused to confirm her nomination, but Vladimir Lenin intervened in her favour and the appointment went ahead.

In 1921 she travelled abroad selling antiques and works of art, and from 1922 she represented the Commissariat of External Trade in relation to the film industry, spending some time with the Soviet trade delegation in Berlin. Between 1931 and 1948, she held the post of Director of the House of Scientists in Moscow. More on Maria Fyodorovna Andreyeva

Valentin Alexandrovich Serov (19 January 1865 – 5 December 1911) was born into the family of famous Russian composer Alexander Serov. In 1871, his father died, and in 1872-73 Valentin and his widowed mother moved Munich, where he took lessons from the artist K. Kepping. In 1874, they moved to Paris, where Valentin regularly visited the studio of Ilya Repin, who was very fond of the little boy. In 1875, the Serovs came to live at Abramtsevo, the estate of the industrial tycoon and patron Savva Mamontov, where artists, musicians and actors were always welcome. Valentin grew up in the atmosphere of constant creativity that characterized the Mamontovs’ household. He was fortunate to receive a professional education from the earliest childhood from the some of the best Russian artists, and he soon showed himself to be a remarkably precocious draughtsman. He could catch the likeness of a model often more quickly and confidently than older artists in the spontaneous drawing competitions that were part of the daily life at Abramtsevo. 

Serov traveled a lot, participating in exhibitions in Russia and abroad. In 1897-1909, Serov taught at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture. His students noted that Serov was a superb technical master of many painting media. In 1903, he was elected member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Arts. Serov died in 1911. More on Valentin Alexandrovich Serov



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