Sunday, April 15, 2018

02 Paintings, PORTRAIT OF A LADY, from the 18th & 19th C., with Footnotes. #3 C

Circle of Sir John Hoppner, (British, 1758–1810)
Portrait of Lady Mackintosh
Oil on canvas
30 x 25 in. (76.2 x 63.5 cm.)
Private collection

Lady Anne Farquharson-Mackintosh (1723–1784) was a Jacobite of the Clan Farquharson and the wife of Angus, Chief of the Clan MacKintosh. 

The Jacobite were a political movement in Great Britain and Ireland that aimed to restore the Roman Catholic Stuart King James VII of Scotland  to the thrones of England

Early in 1744 Angus was offered one of three new Independent Companies being raised by John Campbell, 4th Earl of Loudoun. Anne, dressed in male attire, rode around the glens and, in a very short time, enlisted 97 of the 100 men required for the captaincy. During the 1745 Jacobite Uprising, Angus' company fought with Lord Loudon's government forces, the Black Watch, in the Highlands.

When Bonnie Prince Charlie, Charles Edward Stuart, landed in Scotland in 1745, Anne, then 22 years old, forcefully raised between 200 and 400 men from Clan Mackintosh and the Chattan Confederation for the Prince. As women could not command in the field, the regiment was placed under the command of MacGillivray of Dunmaglass. 'Colonel' Anne's regiment joined the Prince's army at Bannockburne, in January 1746...

John Hoppner RA (4 April 1758 – 23 January 1810) was an English portrait painter, who achieved fame as a brilliant colourist. Hoppner was born in Whitechapel, London, the son of German parents - his mother was one of the German attendants at the royal palace. King George showed a fatherly interest and patronage of the young boy that gave rise to rumours, quite unfounded, that he may have been his illegitimate son.

Hoppner became a chorister at the royal chapel, but, showing strong inclination for art, in 1775 he entered the Royal Academy. In 1778 he took a silver medal for drawing from life, and in 1782 the Academy's highest award, the gold medal for historical painting, his subject being King Lear.

Hoppner first exhibited at the Royal Academy In 1780. His earliest love was for landscape, but necessity obliged him to turn to the more lucrative business of portrait painting. At once successful, he had throughout life the most fashionable and wealthy sitters. The Prince of Wales visited him especially often, and many of his finest portraits were hung in the state apartments at St James's Palace.

In 1803 he published A Series of Portraits of Ladies, and in 1805 a volume of translations of Eastern tales into English verse. More on John Hoppner

Allan Ramsay
Lady Mackintosh, c. 1745 - 1746
Broadside (printing)
National Library of Scotland

A month later the Prince was staying at Moy Hall, Lady Anne's home. She received a message that 1,500 of Lord Loudon's men, including her husband's company, were planning a night raid on Moy Hall to snatch the Prince. Anne sent five of her staff out with guns to crash about and shout clan battle cries to trick the Government forces into thinking they were about to face the entire Jacobite army. The ploy worked and the Government force fled. The event became known as The Rout of Moy.

The next month her husband and 300 of Loudon's men were captured north of Inverness. The Prince paroled Captain Mackintosh into the custody of his wife, Lady Anne, commenting “he could not be in better security, or more honourably treated.” She famously greeted him with the words, "Your servant, captain" to which he replied, "your servant, colonel" thereby giving her the nickname "Colonel Anne". She was also called La Belle Rebelle by the Prince himself.

After the Battle of Culloden, Lady Anne was arrested and turned over to the care of her mother-in-law for a time. She later met the Duke of Cumberland at a social event in London with her husband. He asked her to dance to a pro-Government tune and she returned the favour by asking him to dance to a Jacobite tune. She died on 2 March 1784 at Leith. More on Lady Mackintosh

Allan Ramsay (13 October 1713 – 10 August 1784) was a prominent Scottish portrait-painter. He was born in Edinburgh, Scotland. From the age of twenty he studied in London under the Swedish painter Hans Hysing, and at the St. Martin's Lane Academy; leaving in 1736 for Rome and Naples, where he worked for three years.

On his return in 1738, he first settled in Edinburgh, attracting attention by his head of Duncan Forbes of Culloden and his full-length portrait of the Duke of Argyll, later used on Royal Bank of Scotland banknotes. He later moved to London, where he was employed by the Duke of Bridgewater. In 1739 he married his first wife, Anne Bayne. Anne died on 4 February 1743, giving birth to their 3rd child; none of their children reached adulthood.

One of his drawing pupils was Margaret Lindsay. He later eloped with her and on 1 March 1752 they married in Edinburgh; her father never forgave her for marrying an artist. Ramsay and his new wife spent 1754 to 1757 together in Italy, researching, painting and drawing old masters, antiquities and archaeological sites. He earned income painting Grand Tourists' portraits. After their return, Ramsay was appointed to succeed John Shackelton as Principal Painter in Ordinary to George III. The king commissioned so many royal portraits to be given to ambassadors and colonial governors, that Ramsay used the services of numerous assistants.

He gave up painting in about 1770 to concentrate on literary pursuits. His health was shattered by an accidental dislocation of the right arm and his second wife's death in 1782. With unflinching pertinacity, he struggled until he had completed a likeness of the king upon which he was engaged at the time, and then started for his beloved Italy. He left a series of 50 royal portraits to be completed by his assistant Reinagle. For several years he lingered in the south, his constitution finally broken. He died at Dover on 10 August 1784. More Allan Ramsay

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