Thursday, October 26, 2017

07 Paintings, PORTRAIT OF A LADY, of the 18th & 19th C., with Footnotes. #15

Ismail Gulgee, 1926 - 2007, PAKISTANI
Oil on canvas
120 by 90 cm.; 47 1/4 by 35 3/8 in.
Private collection

This large-scale work of a dancing woman is an excellent example of Ismail Gulgee's early painterly style, highlighting the artist's sensitive treatment of colour. The rendition of the jewellery and the human form itself, as well as the manner in which he captures her graceful movements are all testaments to his talent. More on this painting

Ismail Gulgee – The Gulgeez (25 October 1926 – 16 December 2007) was an award-winning, globally famous Pakistani artist born in Peshawar. He was a qualified engineer in the US and self-taught abstract painter and portrait painter. Before 1959, as portraitist, he painted the entire Afghan Royal Family. From about 1960 on, he was noted as an abstract painter influenced by the tradition of Islamic calligraphy and by the American "action painting" idiom. More on Ismail Gulgee

Adrien Thevenot, (French, 1889-1922)
The surprised bather (Baigneuse surprise) 
Oil on canvas
143 x 99cm (56 5/16 x 39in).
Private collection

Henri Adrien Tanoux ( Marseille , 18 October as as 1865 - Paris , 1923 ) was a French painter. He dedicated himself to landscapes , nudes and oriental scenes .

He studied at the Academy of Fine Arts in Paris where he was a pupil of Léon Bonnat . He exhibited his works regularly at the Paris Salon and received an honorable mention at the Universal Exhibition in Paris in 1889. More on Henri Adrien Tanoux 

Léon-François Comerre, (1850 - 1916)
A Star, c. 1882
Oil on canvas 
Height: 180 cm (70.87 in.), Width: 130.2 cm (51.26 in.)
Private collection

M. Comerre's painting, exhibited at the Salon of 1882. . A dancer sits on a narrow blue satin stool. She has her arms outstretched, her fists fixed on her hips. The right leg crosses over the knee of the left leg, leaving her shape to be drawn in the fabric of a pink jersey.

The dancer has the physiognomy of her profession. The features of the face denote courage and boldness. If the painter gave all his work an unbearable accent of licentiousness. But she is conscious of nothing but the free way in which she abandons herself in her strength to enjoy a moment's repose. This picture also has the merit of the difficulty overcome. More on this painting

Léon François Comerre (10 October 1850 – 20 February 1916) was a French academic painter, famous for his portraits of beautiful women. Comerre was born in Trélon, in the Département du Nord, the son of a schoolteacher. He moved to Lille with his family in 1853. From an early age he showed an interest in art and became a student of Alphonse Colas at the École des Beaux-Arts in Lille, winning a gold medal in 1867. From 1868 a grant from the Département du Nord allowed him to continue his studies in Paris at the famous École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts in the studio of Alexandre Cabanel. There he came under the influence of orientalism.

Comerre first exhibited at the Paris Salon in 1871 and went on to win prizes in 1875 and 1881. In 1875 he won the Grand Prix de Rome. This led to a scholarship at the French Academy in Rome from January 1876 to December 1879. In 1885 he won a prize at the "Exposition Universelle" in Antwerp. He also won prestigious art prizes in the USA (1876) and Australia (1881 and 1897). He became a Knight of the Legion of Honour in 1903.  More Léon Comerre

Arthur Melville, A.R.S.A., R.S.W. A.R.S., 1858-1904
OLD ENEMIES, c. 1880
Oil on canvas
165 by 112cm., 65 by 40in.

Private collection

Depicting a protective mother comforting her children from an inquisitive rafter of turkeys, this picture was probably based upon sketches made in the market at Granville on the French coast in the summer of 1878. The naturalism of the costumes and setting is combined with the sentiment and drama of the scene, reflecting the influence of the plein air painters that Melville would have encountered during his time at the artist’s colony at Grez-sur-Loing in 1880. More on this painting

Arthur Melville (1858–1904) was a Scottish painter, best remembered for his Orientalist subjects. He was born in Guthrie, Angus in 1858 and brought up in East Lothian. He attended the Royal Scottish Academy Schools before studying in Paris and Greece. The colour-sense which is so notable a feature of his work developed during his travels in Persia, Egypt and Turkey between 1880 and 1882. To convey strong Middle Eastern light, he developed a technique of using watercolour on a base of wet paper with gouache applied to it.

Melville, little known during his lifetime, was one of the most powerful influences in the contemporary art of his day, especially in his broad decorative treatment with water-colour, which influenced the Glasgow Boys. Though his vivid impressions of color and movement are apparently recorded with feverish haste, they are the result of careful deliberation and selection. He was at his best in his watercolors of Eastern life and colour and his Venetian scenes, but he also painted several striking portraits in oils. More on Arthur Melville

John Singer Sargent, American, 1856-1925
Madame Paul Escudier (Louise Lefevre), 1882
Oil on canvas
129.5 x 91.4 cm (51 x 36 in.)
Art institute of Chicago

John Singer Sargent painted at least two portraits of Louise Escudier  (see below). He may have met her through her husband, a lawyer who sometimes worked on behalf of artists. This picture grew out of a series of freely rendered views of women in darkened interiors that the artist produced in Venice between 1880 and 1882. It combines the Impressionists' loose brushwork with a heightened chiaroscuro drawn from Spanish Old Masters such as Diego Velázquez. These portraits helped to establish Sargent's reputation in Paris as an exciting and original painter. More on this painting

John Singer Sargent, American, 1856-1925
Madame Paul Escudier, c. 1882-1884
Oil on canvas
73.2 x 59.5 cm (28 3/4 x 23 1/2 in.)

John Singer Sargent (January 12, 1856 – April 14, 1925) was an American artist, considered the "leading portrait painter of his generation" for his evocations of Edwardian era luxury. During his career, he created roughly 900 oil paintings and more than 2,000 watercolors, as well as countless sketches and charcoal drawings. His oeuvre documents worldwide travel, from Venice to the Tyrol, Corfu, the Middle East, Montana, Maine, and Florida.

His parents were American, but he was trained in Paris prior to moving to London. Sargent enjoyed international acclaim as a portrait painter, although not without controversy and some critical reservation; an early submission to the Paris Salon, his "Portrait of Madame X", was intended to consolidate his position as a society painter, but it resulted in scandal instead. From the beginning his work was characterized by remarkable technical facility, particularly in his ability to draw with a brush, which in later years inspired admiration as well as criticism for a supposed superficiality. His commissioned works were consistent with the grand manner of portraiture, while his informal studies and landscape paintings displayed a familiarity with Impressionism. In later life Sargent expressed ambivalence about the restrictions of formal portrait work, and devoted much of his energy to mural painting and working en plein air. He lived most of his life in Europe. More John Singer Sargent

John Singer Sargent, American, 1856-1925
Nude Egyptian Girl, c. 1891
Oil, canvas
58.42 x 185.42 cm
Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL, US

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