Thursday, December 1, 2016

31 Paintings, PORTRAIT OF A LADY, of the 18th & 19th C., with Footnotes. #6

Sir John Lavery RA RHA RSA (1856-1941) 
Portrait of Hazel Lavery, c. 1936
Archival photograph 
h:18  w:15 cm.
Private Collection

Hazel, Lady Lavery (1880–1935, née Hazel Martyn) was a painter and the second wife of the celebrated portrait artist Sir John Lavery. Her likeness appeared on Banknotes of Ireland for much of the 20th century. Born in Chicago on 14 March 1880. A contemporary account refers to young her as "The Most Beautiful Girl in the Midwest".

John Lavery (1856–1941)
Hazel in Rose and Gold, c. 1918
Oil on canvas
201.3 x 100.3 cm
Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool, England

In 1903, she married Edward Livingston Trudeau Jr, a physician who died five months later. They had one daughter, Alice, born 10 October 1904. While still married to Trudeau, she met John Lavery, a Catholic-born painter originally from Belfast. Her husband died shortly thereafter, and in 1909 she and Lavery married. Subsequently, she became Lavery's most frequent sitter.

John Lavery
The Red Rose", c. 1923
Oil on canvas
Crawford Art Gallery, London

The Laverys lent their palatial house at 5 Cromwell Place in South Kensington to the Irish delegation led by Michael Collins during negotiations for the Anglo-Irish Treaty in 1921.

After the Anglo-Irish treaty, the Irish Free State government invited Lavery to create an image of a female personification of Ireland for the new Irish banknotes. Such a personification harks back to figures in ancient Irish mythology and has been exemplified in recent centuries.

This personification of Ireland modelled on Lady Lavery and painted by her husband was reproduced on banknotes of Ireland from 1928 until the 1970s. It then appeared as a watermark on Series B and C notes until the latter were replaced by the euro in 2002

‘Lady Lavery’ Irish Free State

 After Lady Lavery died in 1935 in London, her funeral mass took place at the Brompton Oratory in Knightsbridge. She was buried with her husband in Putney Vale Cemetery. In Ireland, a memorial service for her took place at the request of the government. More

Sir John Lavery RA (20 March 1856 – 10 January 1941) was an Irish painter best known for his portraits and wartime depictions. Born in Belfast Lavery attended Haldane Academy in Glasgow in the 1870s and the Académie Julian in Paris in the early 1880s. He returned to Glasgow and was associated with the Glasgow School. In 1888 he was commissioned to paint the state visit of Queen Victoria to the Glasgow International Exhibition. This launched his career as a society painter and he moved to London soon after. In London he became friendly with James McNeill Whistler and was clearly influenced by him.

Lavery was appointed an official artist in the First World War. Ill-health, however, prevented him from travelling to the Western Front. A serious car crash during a Zeppelin bombing raid also kept him from fulfilling this role as war artist. He remained in Britain and mostly painted boats, aeroplanes and airships. 

After the war he was knighted and in 1921 he was elected to the Royal Academy.

He and his wife were tangentially involved in the Irish War of Independence and the Irish Civil War. They gave the use of their London home to the Irish negotiators during the negotiations leading to the Anglo-Irish Treaty. In 1929, Lavery made substantial donations of his work to both The Ulster Museum and the Hugh Lane Municipal Gallery and in the 1930s he returned to Ireland. He received honorary degrees from the University of Dublin and Queen's University Belfast. He was also made a free man of both Dublin and Belfast. More

FELICE BARUCCO, (italian 1830-1906) 
WOMAN WITH FLOWERS 
Oil on canvas 
61 1/4 x 37 1/2 in. (155.6 x 95.3cm) 
Private Collection

Felice Barucco ( Turin , 1830 - Valperga , 1906 ) was an Italian painter, who was particularly active in the Canavese . He was born in 1830 in Turin, and from an early age he devoted himself to painting by attending the Accademia Albertina in Turin and then continue his studies in Rome , where he was able to perfect his artistic techniques becoming recognized as part of Piedmont by art critics and several official circles. More

ALOYS (WACHLMAYR) WACH, (austrian 1892-1940) 
WOMAN IN A CAFÉ 
Oil on canvas 
23 5/8 x 18 in. (60 x 45.7cm) 
Private Collection

Aloys Wach or Aloys Ludwig Wachelmayr (sometimes Wachelmeier, April 30, 1892 – April 18, 1940) was an Austrian expressionist painter and graphic artist. He was born in Lambach, Upper Austria and died in Braunau, Upper Austria. While his birth places him close to the generation that laid the foundations of modern art and especially expressionism, his life as an artist, however, began after cubism, futurism and the expressionists of the Der Blaue Reiter and Die Brücke movements had initiated a time of great changes. In his later life, Wach abandoned his artistic roots and distanced himself from his early expressionist works by turning to religious imagery. Today, however, those early works are seen as his greatest accomplishments. More

EDWARD CUCUEL, (german/american 1879-1954) 
"EAST WIND" 

Oil on canvas 
27 3/4 x 20 in. (70.5 x 50.8cm)
Private Collection

Edward Cucuel (1879-1954) studied under the Orientalist painter Jean-Léon Gérôme (1824-1904). A member of the Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts and exhibitor with the Salon d'Automne, Cucuel worked in a generally impressionist style and concentrated on figural subject matter, along with landscapes. He is best known for his oils of elegant women rendered with rich impasto and vibrant, highly-keyed colors in sun dappled settings or interiors. 

Raimundo de Madrazo y Garreta, 1841 - 1920, SPANISH
ALINE, c. 1890
Oil on canvas
73.5 by 59cm., 29 by 23in.
Private Collection

Representing the third generation of Spain's most enduring dynasty of artists begun by his grandfather José and his father Federico, Raimundo de Madrazo was the most distinguished figure of the 'Spanish School' in Paris. Settling there in 1862, Madrazo specialised in female portraiture, with the sitter often placed in a refined and exquisite setting. In the present work, Aline Mason, his favourite model and daughter of the Marquis de Casa Riera's concierge in Paris, is captured as a seamstress, her dress and pose evocative of an eighteenth-century costume piece by Chardin or Liotard. More

Paul-Jacques-Aimé Baudry, (1828–1886)
Zenobie retrouvee par les bergers sur les bords.
Zenobia found by the shepherds on the Banks of the Aras River, circa 1848
Oil on canvas
57 1/8 × 44 1/2 in, 145.1 × 113 cm
Private collection

Zenobia of Armenia (Armenian: 1st century) was a royal Iberian princess of the Pharnavazid dynasty who was a Queen of Armenia from 51 to 53 and 54 to 55 during the reign of her husband, King Rhadamistus.

Zenobia's father Mithridates reigned in Armenia until her husband and Mithridates' nephew and son-in-law Rhadamistus usurped the Armenian throne by the sudden invasion. Her husband destroyed her entire family. Rhadamistus killed Zenobia's parents.

Paul-Jacques-Aimé Baudry (1828–1886)
Zenobie retrouvee par les bergers sur les bords.
Zenobia found by the shepherds on the Banks of the Aras River, circa 1848
Detail

After the execution of her entire family Rhadamistus became king in 51 and she became his queen. Armenians revolted soon after and with the Parthian support of prince Tiridates I. Both had to flee back to Iberia.

Francesco Alberi, 1812
Rhadamistus flinging Zenobia injured into the River Araxes

Rhadamistus had no means of escape but in the swiftness of the horses which bore him and his wife away. Pregnant as she was, she endured, somehow or other, out of fear of the enemy and love of her husband, the first part of the flight, but after a while, when she felt herself shaken by its continuous speed, she implored to be rescued by an honourable death from the shame of captivity. He at first embraced, cheered, and encouraged her, now admiring her heroism, now filled with a sickening apprehension at the idea of her being left to any man's mercy. Finally, urged by the intensity of his love and familiarity with dreadful deeds, he unsheathed his scymitar, and having stabbed her, dragged her to the bank of the Araxes and committed her to the stream, so that her very body might be swept away. 

Francesco Alberi (Rimini, 3 March 1765 – Bologna, 24 January 1836) was an Italian painter, active in Bologna, Padua, Rimini, and Rome in a Neoclassical style.

He initially apprenticed with Giuseppe Soleri in Rimini, but by the age of twenty he became a pupil of Domenico Corvi in Rome. In five years, he returned to Rimini where he painted in oil, tempera, and fresco for many of the prominent families, such as Battaglini, Garampi, Ganganelli, and Spina. In 1799, he was elected professor of design for the Lyceum of Rimini. In 1803-6, he served professor of painting for the Academy of Fine Arts in Bologna, when he move to Padua. In 1810, he returned to Bologna as professor. He mainly painted paintings in a grandiose style depicting Greco-Roman classic themes or historic subjects. Among his major works are paintings are the hagiographic Paintings of Napoleon, as well as the Death of Dido, the Death of Cato, and the Recognition of Achilles.

He wrote a few treatises including Teorie dell'arte pittorica and a Riposta a sei lettere anonime. The latter was responses to criticisms of the academy and his works. In addition he wrote other extensive assessments of art of his day. More

Nicolas Poussin, (1594–1665)
Queen Zenobia found on the Banks of the Arax, c. 1634
Oil on canvas
156 × 194.5 cm (61.4 × 76.6 in)
Hermitage Museum,  Saint Petersburg, Russia

Then in headlong flight he hurried to Iberia, his ancestral kingdom. Zenobia noy yet dead, as she yet breathed and showed signs of life on the calm water at the river's edge, was perceived by some shepherds, who inferring from her noble appearance that she was no base-born woman, bound up her wound and applied to it their rustic remedies. As soon as they knew her name and her adventure, they conveyed her to the city of Artaxata, whence she was conducted at the public charge to Tiridates, who received her kindly and treated her as a royal person.

Francesco Nenci.
Queen Zenobia taken from river Araxes by shepherds
Oil on canvas
28.4 cm × 20.9 cm

Zenobia is said to have given birth to an unknown son from Rhadamistus in Armenia. Her and her child's later life is unknown. Her husband returning home to Iberia was soon, in 58, put to death as traitor by his own father Pharasmanes. According to the historian Leo, Zenobia lived in Tiridates’ court until her death  More

Paul-Jacques-Aimé Baudry, (7 November 1828 – 17 January 1886) was a French painter, born in La Roche-sur-Yon in the Vendée. He studied art under Michel Martin Drolling and won the Prix de Rome in 1850 for his picture of Zenobia found on the banks of the Araxes.

His talent from the first revealed itself as strictly academical, full of elegance and grace, but somewhat lacking originality. In the course of his residence in Italy, Baudry derived strong inspiration from Italian art with the mannerism of Correggio, as was evident in the two works he exhibited in the Salon of 1857, which were purchased for the Luxembourg: The Martyrdom of a Vestal Virgin and The Child.

Once only did he attempt an historical picture, Charlotte Corday after the murder of Marat (1861); and returned by preference to the former class of subjects or to painting portraits of illustrious men of his day.

The works that crowned Baudry's reputation were his mural decorations, which show much imagination and a high artistic gift for color, as may be seen. in the frescoes in the Paris Court of Cassation. at the château of Chantilly, and some private residences the Hôtel Fould and Hôtel Paivabut, above all, in the decorations of the foyer of the Opera Garnier.

These, more than thirty paintings in all, and among them compositions figurative of dancing and music, occupied the painter for ten years. Baudry was a member of the Académie des beaux-arts, succeeding Jean-Victor Schnetz.

Baudry died in Paris in 1886. Two of his colleagues, Paul Dubois and Marius Jean Mercié, co-operating with his brother, Baudry the architect, erected his funeral monument in the Père Lachaise Cemetery in Paris (1890). More


Eugen von Blaas, 1843 - 1931, AUSTRIAN
ANTICIPATION, c. 1911
Oil on canvas
80.5 by 45.5cm., 31¾ by 17¾in.
Private Collection

Eugen von Blaas was famed for depicting beautiful Italian women at work or in the company of admiring suitors. Anticipation shows a dark haired young woman leaning her elbow on a balustrade overlooking the Venetian lagoon. She dreamily gazes towards the water, where a gondola is just coming into view. The precise technique and bright palette of Blaas’ Venetian genre scenes were in tune with the Venetian tradition of painting. Famed for his depictions of everyday life in Venice, Blaas' very commercial subjects and finely painted, vividly coloured canvases found a ready market among the wealthy travellers and tourists visiting the city. Above all he strove to capture the inherent beauty of the Italian women with vignettes of their conversations in the street or courting with lovers. More

Ignacio Zuloaga, 1870 - 1945, SPANISH
LA SEÑORA GARAY, c. 1938
Oil on canvas
206 by 137cm., 81 by 54in.
Private Collection

Painted circa 1938, Ignacio Zuloaga's striking portrait of Esther de Garay (neé Rodriguez Bauzá) perfectly combines the artist's Spanish roots and worldly sophistication with the elegance and finesse of his sitter.


Esther de Garay y Garay (1911-1985) was one of six daughters of  the Uruguayan industrialist Herminio Ramón Rodríguez Labandera y Fernández Llameria and his remarkable wife, collector and society hostess María Bauzá. Herminio and María had moved with their family to Spain in the 1920s, bringing with them an already burgeoning art collection. Despite the death of Herminio in the early 1930s, María installed herself with her children in the Palacio de Bermejillo, purchased from the Marquess of Bermejillo just before her husband died. In the succeeding years María pursued her passion for amassing a vast number of works of art to furnish the impressive home in Paseo del Cisne. More

Ignacio Zuloaga, in full Ignacio Zuloaga y Zabaleta (born July 26, 1870, Eibar, near Bilbao, Spain—died Oct. 31, 1945, Madrid) Spanish genre and portrait painter noted for his theatrical paintings of figures from Spanish culture and folklore.

The son of a successful metalworker, Zuloaga was a largely self-taught artist who learned to paint by copying Old Masters in the Prado Museum in Madrid. Beginning about 1890, he split his time between Paris and Spain. In Paris he became acquainted with the artists Paul Gauguin, Edgar Degas, and Auguste Rodin. Despite his contact with these prominent French artists, however, his main influences were the Spanish masters El Greco, Diego Velázquez, and Francisco de Goya.

Inspired by a visit to the Andalusia region of Spain in 1892, Zuloaga began to focus on subject matter from Spanish culture and folklore, such as bullfighters, peasants, and dancers. He used earthen colours almost exclusively and often placed his figures against dramatic landscapes. Zuloaga began to achieve international success with the painting Daniel Zuloaga and His Daughters, which was exhibited in 1899 and purchased by the French government for the Luxembourg Museum in Paris. About 1907 he became a popular society portraitist, an aspect of his career that brought him considerable wealth.

After spending much of his career working in Paris, Zuloaga settled permanently in Spain in 1924. His paintings were exhibited in a highly successful one-man show in New York City in 1925. He was awarded the grand prize for painting at the Venice Biennale in 1938. More

Attributed to Andrea Michieli, called Vicentino (Vicenza 1542-1617 Venice)
A procession of women playing instruments 
Oil on canvas
61.8 x 118.2cm (24 5/16 x 46 9/16in).
Private Collection

The procession of musicians may be compared to those in Michieli's David and Goliath (below).

ANDREA (ANDREA VICENTINO) MICHIELI, (italian 1542-1617) 
DAVID AND GOLIATH 
Oil on canvas 
18 1/4 x 24 in. (46.4 x 61cm) 
Private Collection

Andrea Vicentino (c. 1542 – 1617) was an Italian painter of the late-Renaissance or Mannerist period. He was a pupil of the painter Giovanni Battista Maganza. Born in Vicenza, he was also known as Andrea Michieli or Michelli. He moved to Venice in the mid-1570s and registered in the “Fraglia” or guild of Venetian painters in 1583. He worked alongside Tintoretto at the Palazzo Ducale in Venice, helping paint Arrival of Henry III at Venice (c. 1593) at the Sala delle Quattro Porte of the Ducal palace, as well as works in the Sala del Senato and dello Scrutinio. He also painted the altarpiece of Madonna of the Rosary (c. 1590) for the cathedral of Treviso, God the Father with Three Theological Virtues (1598) for the church in Gambara, and St Charles Borromeo (c. 1605) for a church in Mestre.Paintings by him exist in a number of galleries including the 'Raising of Lazarus' at the National Museum of Fine Arts in Valletta, Malta. More

Tadeusz Styka (Polish, 1889-1954)
A Portrait of Beatrice Hahn Troy, c. 1920
Oil on canvas
44 x 35in.
Private Collection

Portrait of the elegant and wealthy Beatrice Hahn Troy, daughter of Baron Nicholas Hahn, an exile from Poland and cousin of Helena Blavatzky, founder of the Theosophical Society, painted circa 1920 by Polish artist Tadeusz Styka (1889-1954). The picture is suffused with swirling, understated grays and ochres, the better to spotlight Ms Hahn Troy's porcelain skin and aquiline features, not to mention her nonchalantly plunging neckline. Styka was a popular portrait artist, known for his portraits of stars from the first half of the 20th century. More

Tadeusz Styka (Polish, 1889-1954) was drawing and painting as early as four years old and worked closely under the tutelage of his father, Jan Styka, a well accredited and acclaimed artist painter in France at that time. At the very early age he become a prodigy and harbinger of a genius. Starting at the age of eleven, Tade received first prizes at the Paris' most prestigious art galleries with official distinctions of the French President. Later he exhibited his paintings at the best galleries of France, Poland and the United States.

Especially noteworthy are the portraits honoring the greatest figures of the 20th century, such as that of Maurice Maeterlinck, Caruso, Chaliapin, Tito Ruffo, Sarah Delano Roosevelt, Professor Zielinski, Queen Marie-Jose, Ignacy Paderewski, Pola Negri just to mention a few. The portraits painted by Tade Styka are a part of many famous collections around the world. According to many well known and very knowledgeable art critics, such as Louis De Rochefort, Tade Styka was one of the best portrait painter artist ever lived, because of the most brilliant techniques - bravura, like a display of most fantastic fire works ever seen on paintings and a unique ability to analyze, understand and project beautiful traits of inner character of the painted models. For his acclaimed work, Tade Styka won the Medal of the Legion of Honor, the highest award of the French Government.
On September 11, 1954, in New York City, Tade Styka passed away while he was still at the height of his artistic and creative powers. He was buried alongside his father, Jan Styka, at the Forest Lawn Memorial Park Cemetery, in Glendale, Los Angeles in the Immortals' Quarter. More

Stephen Pan, 1963 
Ballerinas
Oil on canvas
60 x 90 cm
Private Collection

Chinese artist Stephen Pan was born in Shanghai in 1963. Pan was five, when his grandfather, famous for calligraphy and poetry, Bo Yin Pan, gave him the first lessons in drawing and painting. Ironically, in spite of his close relationship with formal Chinese traditions in art, Pan fell deeply in love with the paintings of the Renaissance and French Impressionist periods. By age 13 heridatory artist Stephen Pan won the first of a series of National Art Excellence awards in China for his beautifully rendered oil paintings. Pan began his teaching career in Shanghai at age 20 and found his young students were eager to study art from him.

Pan left China for the United States and devoted his life to drawing and painting. His uncle sponsored his immigration to the United states to continue his artistic career. In 1997, Pan was offered a position at the academy of Art College in San Francisco. More

Ermocrate Bucchi (1842 – 1885) 
The gipsy flower seller
Oil on canvas
47 1/2 x 33 1/4in (120.8 x 86cm)
Private Collection

Ermocrate Bucchi (1842 – 1885) was an Italian painter, mainly of still lifes with flowers. He was born in Urbino and died in Milan. As a youth, he worked as a grocer, and even began a career to become a priest. He then took studies at the Brera Academy, but to make a living, he worked on engraving on ivory. He became a pupil of the watercolor artist Luigi Scrosati, who trained him in a painting of flowers. This sufficed to give him a successful career. The critic Virgilio Colombo in presenting the best artists who exhibited at the 1881 Art Show of Milan, said of Bucchi's paintings, that he sent his best watercolors of flowers to Holland; where the prominent art dealer Adolphe Goupil, of the Goupil Gallery, grouped them with Dutch flower painters, bringing much success to Bucchi. At this Exhibition, Bucchi displayed the two paintings: The seller of flowers and a still life. More

Manuel Cusi y Ferret, (1857 - 1919 ) 
A Pang of Jealousy
Oil on canvas
36 x 21 3/4in.
Private Collection

Manuel Cusi  i Ferret ( Vilanova and the Geltrú , 1857 - Barcelona , 1919 ) was a Catalan painter and portraitist. He received awards and recognitions the 1888, 1896, 1907 and 1911 and a Medal at the Universal Exposition of Barcelona 1888. .

He died in Barcelona on 27 March 1919. Like many artists of his generation, his training begins at the School of the Lonja de Barcelona, he the left to Paris. at twenty years or so, he enters the workshop of Leon Bonnat, one of the most renowned painters of the capital. In 1880 he exhibited in the Parés Room of Barcelona, next to the sculptor, and painter, Santiago Rusiñol i Prats . He exhibited a still life, one of his favorite themes, although the genre that he be recognized for will be his portraits. Manuel art was influenced by his stay in Paris and also by Catalan artists like Ramon Marti Alsina. In the years 1881-1882 began realism period. He also participated in major artistic events taking place in Barcelona where he has a permanent exhibit at the Vidal House and Sala Pares. More

Conrad Kiesel (November 1846; 1921 ) 
A Young Beauty
Oil on canvas
21.5 x 16.5 in
Private Collection

Conrad Kiesel (* 29. November 1846 in Dusseldorf ; † 28. May 1921 in Berlin ) was a German architect , painter and sculptor. Son of the director Karl Kiesel (1812-1903) from the Royal School at Avenue Road in Dusseldorf, was a versatile artist. Initially studied at the Royal Academy of architecture and then settled with form and sculpture. After he had created some statuettes and busts, he turned to painting. He went to the Dusseldorf Art Academy and became a student of Fritz Paulsen and Wilhelm Sohn .

In 1885 he became as a freelance artist in Berlin, regularly exhibiting at the Academy of Fine Arts, where he was also accepted as a member on the occasion of his 40th birthday. More

Jeanne Bôle (Comtesse de Toulza) (French, fl. 1870-1883)
A young girl with a butterfly net
Oil on canvas laid down on masonite
21 x 13 1/4in (53.4 x 33.8cm)
Private Collection

Jeanne Bôle (Comtesse de Toulza) (French, fl. 1870-1883) was the pseudonym of a young female artist born into the noble de Toulza family, and which was the name of one of her 16th century ancestors.

She studied painting with Charles Chaplin and started exhibiting at the Salon in 1870. More

Max Middleton (1922-2013)
At the Rockpool 
Oil on canvas on board 
48 x 36.5cm 
Private Collection

Max Middleton (1922-2013)was an Australian En plein air (‘in the open air) painter, faithfully rendering what he saw. He had an extraordinary ability to capture light and shade on canvas.

In Australia, Middleton studied under Septimus Power and in 1950 went to Europe where he was greatly was influenced by JMW Turner.

His work practice was to make quick studies that captured the the atmosphere of a setting, then often he would then use these as reference for larger studio pictures. More

FRED WILLIAMS (1927-1982) 
Nude, c. 1946
Oil on canvas on board
43 x 53.5cm 
Private Collection

FRED WILLIAMS' (1927-1982) iconic status in the sphere of Australian Art is mostly centred on his landscape subjects. However, his early work is grounded in figuration. In 1943 Fred began night classes at the National Gallery of Victoria Art School in Melbourne where he studied drawing. In term three in 1946, the same year this painting was produced, Fred became a full time student. Under the tutelage of the great tonal realist, Sir William Dargie, he began a specific focus on life drawing . Many of his sketches from this time can be seen in the collection of the Art Gallery of New South Wales. 

This painting, produced in 1946, highlights his focus on form and represents a pivotal time of transition for one of Australia''s most recognised artists. More

Guillaume-Charles Brun (French, 1825-1908)
La mendiante
oil on canvas
48 by 35 1/2 in., 122 by 90 cm
Private Collection

Guillaume-Charles Brun (* 5. May 1825 in Montpellier , Hérault , † 20th February 1908 in Paris ) was a French painter. At 22 Brun went to Paris. In 1847 he joined the École des Beaux-Arts accepted (EBA) as a student.

At the large annual exhibition of the EBA in autumn 1847, a work of Bruns was already awarded a medal. In 1851 he was invited at the annual exhibition of the Salon de Paris. His two works were well received by the audience as well as by critics.

1883 Brun became President of the Société des artistes français. More

Jeanne Bôle (Comtesse de Toulza) (French, fl. 1870-1883)
A portrait of a young peasant girl
Oil on canvas
47 3/4 x 27 3/4in (121.5 x 70.5cm)
Private Collection

Jeanne Bôle (Comtesse de Toulza) (French, fl. 1870-1883), see above

Frederick Arthur Bridgman
A Grecian lady, c. 1899
Oil on canvas
24 1/2 x 35 3/4in (62.5 x 91cm)
Private Collection

Frederick Arthur Bridgman (November 10, 1847 - 1928) was an American artist, born in Tuskegee, Alabama. The son of a physician, Bridgman would become one of the United States' most well-known and well-regarded painters and become known as one of the world's most talented "Orientalist" painters. He began as a draughtsman in New York City, for the American Bank Note Company in 1864-1865, and studied art in the same years at the Brooklyn Art Association and at the National Academy of Design; but he went to Paris in 1866 and became a pupil of Jean-Leon Gerome. Paris then became his headquarters. A trip to Egypt in 1873-1874 resulted in pictures of the East that attracted immediate attention, and his large and important composition, The Funeral Procession of a Mummy on the Nile, in the Paris Salon (1877), bought by James Gordon Bennett, brought him the Cross of the Legion of Honor. Other paintings by him were An American Circus in Normandy, Procession of the Bull Apis (now in the Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.), and a Rumanian Lady (in the Temple collection, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania). More

GRAEME ROCHE (1944-1995) 
Hot Sunday 
Oil on canvas 
89 x 112.5cm 
Private Collection

GRAEME ROCHE (1944-1995) was born in Melbourne, his wide experience of life included training as an air pilot and a chef. In fact he worked at the Balzac Restaurant in Melbourne, as did Charles Blackman some years earlier. After moving to Queensland in the early seventies, Graeme developed a strong interest in painting and soon displayed a talent that enabled him to work as an artist of considerable repute.

In 1980’s he visits Europe, broadened his artistic experience. He was fascinated with the dramatic effect of light and mood on otherwise ordinary and familiar objects, creating evocative and enigmatic images in the surreal tradition.

As I see it: by Graeme Roche

"There are two subjects on which more nonsense has been written than any others; Painting and wine. I do not want to add to the mystifying words which already exist, I would like only to state how I see things.

The classical simplicity of my work does not always expose the quest for balance. People like the clean image. It pleases me the struggle does not show. A painting can take months and during that time change dramatically. A painting may reveal many faces during its development.

I can say what the original idea is, the foundation so to speak, but never what the finished painting will be. Most paintings are a long day's journey into the night. I believe in carefully thought out composition, not personal screams or testaments, I am not trying to teach anyone anything. Hopefully people will enjoy my interpretation of what is there already.

As Picasso observed, 'I don't search I find'.

My approach is classicist, my divisions of space perfect. Quote TS Elliot: 'The stillness as a Chinese jar still moves perpetually in its stillness'.

Subject matter are motifs from public environments eg. Beaches, parks, swimming pools, signs, statues, street icons, anywhere that is accessible to man.

I draw inspiration from everyday situations often portrayed slightly out of context... reality juxtaposed. I share this fascination with Smart, Delvaux and Magritte, 'Inanimate objects live'.

Tragically Graeme succumbed to lung cancer in 1995. More

LINA BRYANS (1909-2001) 
Catherine Paterson 
Oil on canvas on board 
89.5 x 62.5cm
Private Collection

Katherine Womeldorf Paterson (born October 31, 1932) is a Chinese-born American writer best known for children's novels. For four different books published 1975-1980, she won two Newbery Medals and two National Book Awards. She is one of three people to win the two major international awards; for "lasting contribution to children's literature" she won the biennial Hans Christian Andersen Award for Writing in 1998 and for her career contribution to "children's and young adult literature in the broadest sense" she won the Astrid Lindgren Memorial Award from the Swedish Arts Council in 2006, the biggest monetary prize in children's literature. Also for her body of work she was awarded the NSK Neustadt Prize for Children's Literature in 2007 and the Laura Ingalls Wilder Medal from the American Library Association in 2013. She was the second U.S. National Ambassador for Young People's Literature, serving 2010 and 2011. More

Llna Bryans (26 September 1909 – 30 September 2000) was born into a prosperous Melbourne family and grew up moving freely between Toorak and Europe. She was married for five years in the early 1930s, giving birth to a son; separated, she moved to South Yarra, where, encouraged by Jock Frater and Iain McKinnon, she developed an interest in art. By 1938 her work was included in the Herald Exhibition of Outstanding Pictures. Apart from a few lessons she took with George Bell in 1948, and a few months at the Grande Chaumière in Paris in 1953, she had no formal art training. She never became allied with the major Melbourne art cliques. For much of the 1940s, her home, Darebin Bridge House, became a meeting place for the Meanjin literary set and artists including Ian Fairweather, who often camped at her so-called ‘Pink Hotel’. In 1948 she moved to Harkaway, near Berwick. Between 1937 and 1974 she painted more than 70 portraits of her artistic and literary contemporaries; for much of this time, she was a member of the Melbourne Society of Women Painters and Sculptors, but she left the group in 1966 (only to rejoin in 1991). The first of her many portraits, of fellow artist Ambrose Hallen, was donated to the National Portrait Gallery by Sir James and Lady Cruthers in 2001; her later portrait of Alan Marshall had been one of the first acquired for the collection, three years earlier. One of her best-known portraits, representing Jean Campbell but titled The babe is wise, is in the collection of the NGV along with fourteen of her other works. Since the early 1980s Bryans has attracted a good deal of critical interest and her works have been exhibited often. Gillian Forwood’s Lina Bryans: Rare Modern 1909-2000 was published in 2003. More

Adriaen van der Werff
Portrait of a young girl
Oil on canvas
46.5 x 36.5 cm (18 1/8 x 14 3/8 in)
Private Collection

Adriaen van der Werff (21 January 1659 – 12 November 1722) was an accomplished Dutch painter of portraits and erotic, devotional and mythological scenes. His brother, Pieter van der Werff (1661–1722), was his principal pupil and assistant.

At the age of ten he started to take lessons, two years later moving in with Eglon van der Neer, specializing in clothes and draperie. At the age of seventeen he founded his own studio in Rotterdam where he later became the head of guild of Saint Luc. In 1696. 1703, he became the official court painter and a knight, when his former teacher and predecessor Van der Neer died. Van der Werff, with a perfect technique, was paid extremely well by the Elector for his biblical or classical (erotic) paintings. In 1705. In 1716, he lost his job when the Elector died because the treasury was empty.

Van der Werff became one of the most lauded Dutch painters of his day, gaining a European reputation and an enormous fortune. Arnold Houbraken, writing in 1718, considered him the greatest of the Dutch painters and this was the prevailing critical opinion throughout the 18th century: however, his reputation suffered in the 19th century, when he was alleged to have betrayed the Dutch naturalistic tradition. In the Victorian Age people could not appreciate his art, so most of his work went into the cellars of the Alte Pinakothek. More


Léon Jean Bazile Perrault
A portrait of a young girl
Oil on canvas
16 1/4 x 13in (41.4 x 33cm)
Private Collection

Léon-Jean-Bazille Perrault (Poitiers 16 June 1832 – 1908 Royan) was a French academic painter.

He was born to a modest family. A student of William Bouguereau and François-Edouard Picot, he exhibited at the Salon from 1863 onwards, producing many genre works which were immensely popular. He was famous for his le petit naufragé (The little shipwrecked boy, 1874) and his paintings of children. More




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Acknowledgement: BONHAMS NEW YORK Freeman's

Images are copyright of their respective owners, assignees or others