Tuesday, December 13, 2016

20 Paintings, PORTRAIT OF A LADY, Maria Klavdievna Tenisheva 1858–1928)., with Footnotes. #9

Ilya Yefimovich Repin (1844 – 1930) 
Portrait of Princess Maria Klavdievna Tenisheva, c. 1896
patroness of the arts, philanthropist and enamel artist
Oil on canvas
197 × 120 cm
Isaak Izrailevich Brodsky Flat Museum, St. Petersburg.

"On my last full-length portrait not only are there no legs, but the hand was broken, exactly the oversight. Repin twice sent me this portrait, and I had returned twice. Once he put it, but did not dare to write, it's me, and called it the catalog "Lady" - perhaps he wanted to hurt me with that, but I was thrilled. Who is this "lady" did she cause me a new drama with my husband, and the new unavoidable costs."

Maria Klavdievna Tenisheva 1858–1928), Russian Princess, a public person, artist, educator, philanthropist and collector. She was born May 20, 1858, in St. Petersburg. Maria Tenisheva is famous as the founder of the Art studio in St. Petersburg, and the Drawing School at the Museum of Russian antiquity in Smolensk, handicraft college in Bezhitsa town, as well as by artistic and industrial workshops held in her own estate Talashkino.

Valentin Alexandrovich Serov (1865 – 1911)
Portrait of Mary Klavdievny Tenisheva, c. 1898
 Oil, Canvas
100 × 115 cm
Smolensk State United Historical and Architectural and Art Museum-Reserve, Smolensk

Valentin Alexandrovich Serov (19 January 1865 – 5 December 1911) was born into the family of famous Russian composer Alexander Serov. In 1871, his father died, and in 1872-73 Valentin and his widowed mother moved Munich, where he took lessons from the artist K. Kepping. In 1874, they moved to Paris, where Valentin regularly visited the studio of Ilya Repin, who was very fond of the little boy. In 1875, the Serovs came to live at Abramtsevo, the estate of the industrial tycoon and patron Savva Mamontov, where artists, musicians and actors were always welcome. Valentin grew up in the atmosphere of constant creativity that characterized the Mamontovs’ household. He was fortunate to receive a professional education from the earliest childhood from the some of the best Russian artists, and he soon showed himself to be a remarkably precocious draughtsman. He could catch the likeness of a model often more quickly and confidently than older artists in the spontaneous drawing competitions that were part of the daily life at Abramtsevo. 

Serov traveled a lot, participating in exhibitions in Russia and abroad. In 1897-1909, Serov taught at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture. His students noted that Serov was a superb technical master of many painting media. In 1903, he was elected member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Arts. Serov died in 1911. More

Ilya Yefimovich Repin, (1844 – 1930) 
Portrait of Mary Klavdievny Tenisheva
Oil on canvas

She was born in St. Petersburg. The girl was illegitimate, and grew up in her stepfather's wealthy house; she was quite a shy girl. His mother was cold to her, apparently binding to this child the moments of her life, which she was trying to forget.

Ilya Yefimovich Repin (1844 – 1930) see at bottom

Ilya Yefimovich Repin (1844 – 1930) 
Portrait of Princess MK Tenisheva Leon Bonnat, c. 1896

At 16-years-old Maria graduated from a private school, a young lawyer Rafail Nikolaev, proposed to her. The idea that the marriage would give her freedom, pushed her to give consent. The couple had a daughter, also named Maria, but the marriage did not work out. Soon Maria Tenisheva went to Paris to study singing at the famous Marchesi. She had a beautiful soprano. She took her daughter with her. It was tough time for Maria, as her husband refused to give her an exit permit, and her mother also stopped subsidizing her. Maria took singing lessons at famous Mathilde Marchesi, also graphics lessons. Maria decided that singing and stage performance were not for her. 

Ilya Yefimovich Repin (1844 – 1930) see at bottom

In the spring of 1885 Maria Klavdievna finally returns to Russia

After she returned to St. Petersburg, she attended Baron von Stieglitz classes. At this time Maria was studying in depth the history of art, was spending a lot of time reading books and visiting museums.

1892, Maria was married to Prince Vyacheslav Nikolayevich Tenishev

In 1892, Maria was married to Prince Vyacheslav Nikolayevich Tenishev, an outstanding Russian manufacturer. The couple settled in Khotylevo estate, situated on the banks of Desna river, where the Princess founded a one-class school.

Konstantin Korovin
Princess Maria Tenisheva

Konstantin Alekseyevich Korovin (1861 – 1939) was a leading Russian Impressionist painter. Konstantin was born in Moscow. His father, Aleksey Mikhailovich Korovin, earned a university degree and was more interested in arts and music than in the family business. In 1875 Korovin entered the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture.

In 1885 he then traveled to Paris and Spain. "Paris was a shock for me … Impressionists… in them I found everything I was scolded for back home in Moscow", he later wrote. In 1888 he traveled to Italy and Spain. He painted in the Impressionist, and later in the Art Nouveau, styles.

Korovin's subsequent works were strongly influenced by his travels to the north. Korovin painted a large number of landscapes. The paintings are built on a delicate web of shades of grey. The etude style of these works was typical for Korovin's art of the 1890s. Using material from his trip, Korovin designed the Far North pavilion at the 1896 All Russia Exhibition in Nizhny Novgorod. He painted ten big canvasses for the pavilion as well, depicting various aspects of life in the northern and Arctic regions. 

In 1900 Korovin designed the Central Asia section of the Russian Empire pavilion at the Paris World Fair and was awarded the Legion of Honour by the French government.

In the beginning of the 20th century, Korovin focused his attention on the theater. In 1905 Korovin became an Academician of Painting and in 1909–1913 a professor at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture.

During World War I Korovin worked as a camouflage consultant at the headquarters of one of the Russian armies. In 1923 he moved to Paris to cure his heart condition and help his handicapped son. There was supposed to be a large exhibition of Korovin's works, but the works were stolen and Korovin was left penniless. For years, he produced the numerous Russian Winters and Paris Boulevards just to make ends meet.

In the last years of his life he produced stage designs for many of the major theatres of Europe, America, Asia and Australia, the most famous of which is his scenery for the Turin Opera House's production of Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov's The Golden Cockerel.

Korovin died in Paris on 11 September 1939. More

Princess Maria Tenisheva had a great artistic taste, she could feel art. Tenisheva collected watercolors and was friends with famous artists: Vasnetsov, Vrubel, Roerich, Malyutin, Benois, sculptor Paolo Troubetzkoy, and many other artists. She organized artists studio to prepare young people for higher arts education in St. Petersburg (1894–1904), where Ilya Repin was teaching.

Maria Tenisheva also became one of the founders of the magazine Mir Iskusstva (World of Arts)

Mir Iskusstva (World of Arts)

When traveling with her husband to Europe, she bought the Western European paintings, porcelain, marble sculptures, jewelry, historical values of China, Japan and Iran. 

Ilya Yefimovich Repin (1844 – 1930) 
Princess Maria Tenisheva in a chair made of rattan

And when she with her husband went travelling through the old Russian towns: Rostov, Rybinsk, Kostroma, Volga region villages and monasteries, the handmade beauty by unknown masters appeared before her and the new collection of utensils, clothing, furniture, jewelry, glassware set in.

Ilya Yefimovich Repin (1844 – 1930) see at bottom

Alexander Petrovich Sokolov (1829 - 1913)
Portrait of the educator, collector and artist Princess Maria Tenisheva, c. 1898
Oil on canvas
State Russian Museum

Alexander Petrovich Sokolov (1829 - 1913) was a Russian portrait painter in the Academic style. His brothers, Pyotr and Pavel were also well-known artists. His father was the famous portrait painter, Pyotr Sokolov. He left the gymnasium in 1847, before completing his studies, to enter the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture. After two years there, he entered the Imperial Academy of Arts.

Upon receiving the title of "Artist", he decided to follow in his father's footsteps and devote himself mostly to watercolor portraiture. In 1859, a painting of his brother, Pyotr, was among those that won him the title of "Academician".

In 1881, he became a member of the Peredvizhniki and exhibited with them frequently. He became especially well-known for portraits of women, doing several of Maria Feodorovna (above) and other members of the Imperial Family. 

from 1892 to 1907, he served as curator of the Russian Academy of Arts Museum; housed at the Imperial Academy. He became a full member of the Academy in 1896. More

Guests at Talashkino. From left to right sitting fifth Duchess Tenisheva Photo 1899

In 1893, Maria Tenisheva persuaded her friend, Princess Catherine Svyatopolk-Chetverinskaya to sell her ancestry estate Talashkino, and there she quickly created a welcoming, creative atmosphere that gathered many famous artists, musicians and scientists. Talashkino became the Princess' lifework.

Ilya Yefimovich Repin (1844 – 1930) 
Portrait M.K.Tenishevoy 1896
Thin cardboard, watercolor
35,5 x 27,9 
State Russian Museum

Ilya Yefimovich Repin (1844 – 1930) see at bottom

Ilya Yefimovich Repin (1844 – 1930) 
Princess MK Tenisheva at work in 1897
Oil on canvas

Ilya Yefimovich Repin (1844 – 1930) see at bottom

MA Alexander Petrovich Sokolov 
Princess MK Tenisheva in the image of Valkyrie 1899
Museums of Russia 

Mikhail Aleksandrovich Vrubel (March 17, 1856 – April 14, 1910) is usually regarded amongst the Russian painters of the Symbolist movement and of Art Nouveau. In reality, he deliberately stood aloof from contemporary art trends, so that the origin of his unusual manner should be sought in Late Byzantine and Early Renaissance painting.

Vrubel was born in Omsk, Russia. He served in the Imperial Russian Army, then headed the Astrakhan Cossacks. Vrubel followed his father's steps and made a military career, taking part in the Caucasian and Crimean Wars before becoming a military lawyer. 

Though he graduated from the Faculty of Law at St Petersburg University in 1880, his father had recognized his talent for art and provided, through numerous tutors, what proved to be a sporadic education in the subject. The next year he entered the Imperial Academy of Arts. He would later develop a penchant for fragmentary composition and an "unfinished touch".

In 1884, he went to Venice to study medieval Christian art. It was here that "his palette acquired new strong saturated tones resembling the iridescent play of precious stones".

While in Kiev, Vrubel developed a keen interest in Oriental arts, and particularly Persian carpets, and even attempted to imitate their texture in his paintings.

In 1890, Vrubel relocated to Moscow where he excelled not only in painting but also in applied arts, such as ceramics, majolics, and stained glass. He also produced architectural masks, stage sets, and costumes.

During 1896, he met the famous opera singer Nadezhda Zabela. Half a year later they married. Vrubel designed stage sets and costumes for his wife. Using Russian fairy tales, he executed some of his most acclaimed pieces.

In 1905 he created the mosaics of the hotel "Metropol" in Moscow, of which the centre piece of the facade overlooking Teatralnaya square is occupied by the mosaic panel Princess of Dream.

At the end he had a severe nervous breakdown and was hospitalized in a mental clinic. In 1906, overpowered by mental disease and approaching blindness, he ceased painting. Vrubel died on April 14, 1910. More

In 1919, after the Revolution, Princess Maria Tenisheva with her friend, Princess Catherine Svyatopolk-Chetverinskaya and her assistants left Russia for France. During her exile in Paris, she wrote a book of memories called "Impressions of my life. Memories", that covered the period from the late 1860s to the New Year's Eve of 1917. The book was published only after her death - Princess Maria Tenisheva died on April 14, 1928. In the obituary to honour Maria Tenisheva Ivan Bilibin wrote: "Her whole life was dedicated to the native Russian art, and she has done infinitely much for it".

Photo Tenisheva Mary Klavdievny
With an inscription by MK Sergei Vasilievich Malyutin Tenisheva on the mat 1900

Princess Maria Tenisheva

Laure Albin Guillot, (1879-1962) 
Untitled, (Presumed Portrait of Princess Maria KLAVDIEVNA Tenisheva) 
Black and white silver test on matte paper, 
pasted on cardboard 
32.9 × 23.8 cm

Laure Albin Guillot (February 14, 1879 – February 22, 1962) was remarkable for the diversity of her production. Wife of a doctor, in the 1920s she invented the term 'micrography' to describe her works which originated from photographs taken through a microscope. In 1922 she received the gold medal from the French Revue of Photography competition. In 1925 she organized her first personal exhibition at the Paris Autumn Salon, and became a well-known photographer, publishing her work in art magazines. During the 1930s, she developed a quasi-pictorial style, and did more and more portraits and nudes while at the same time working to make a lucrative living in advertising, fashion and as a neighborhood photographer. She became a close friend of various artists, musicians and writers and had a number of illustrations printed as special supplements. As head archivist in the Ecole des Beaux-Arts' photographic archives, she was active in working to get photography officially recognized. Laure Albin-Guillot died in 1963, leaving behind her a wealth of 50,000 photographs. More

Princess Maria Tenisheva, and the artist Repin, sketching in Talashkino. 1890

Ilya Yefimovich Repin (5 August 1844 – 29 September 1930) was the most renowned Russian artist of the 19th century. He played a major role in bringing Russian art into the mainstream of European culture. His major works include Barge Haulers on the Volga (1873), Religious Procession in Kursk Province (1883) and Reply of the Zaporozhian Cossacks (1880–91).

Repin was born in Chuguyev, in the Kharkov Governorate (now Ukraine) of the Russian Empire into a military family. He entered military school in 1854 and in 1856 studied under Ivan Bunakov, a local icon painter. He began to paint around 1860. In 1874–1876 he showed at the Salon in Paris and at the exhibitions of the Itinerants' Society in Saint Petersburg. He was awarded the title of academician in 1876.

In 1901 he was awarded the Legion of Honour. In 1911 he traveled to the World Exhibition in Italy, where his painting 17 October 1905 and his portraits were displayed in their own separate room. In 1916 Repin worked on his book of reminiscences, Far and Near. He welcomed the Russian Revolution of 1917. Celebrations were held in 1924 in Kuokkala to mark Repin's 80th birthday, followed by an exhibition of his works in Moscow. In 1925 a jubilee exhibition of his works was held in the Russian Museum in Leningrad. Repin died in 1930 and was buried at the Penates. More

Acknowledgement: Wikipedia

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