Monday, January 26, 2015

Photographs of The British Forces in Egypt During World War 1

Ships Transporting the 18th & 28th Australian Army Service Corps to Egypt, Melbourne, Victoria, Jun 1916

One of 49 photographs in an album from World War I likely to have been taken by Troop (later Lieutenant) G.S. Millar depicting the Light Horse camp in Egypt, 1915, prior to Gallipoli.

Image depicitng a 'street' in the Maadi Camp, Egypt. El-Ma'adi (Meadi) Camp was one of three training camps in Egypt that were used by the A.I.F. and the N.Z.E.F


Small photograph of HMS Jupiter in the Suez Canal, Egypt. From April to November 1916, HMS Jupiter was stationed at Port Said, Egypt. The photograph is part of a collection of photographs belonging to Alfred Galbraith. Sapper Galbraith was in Egypt with the 2nd and 5th Division from December 1915 to June 1916, when the 5th Division sailed to France. He died in France 15 July 1916.


The photograph was apparently taken with an 'autographic' camera - one that allowed the user to write an inscription on the undeveloped film though an small door in the camera body, using a tiny stylus. Galbraith's camera, later in the possession of his niece, was an autographic camera.


One of 139 photographs in an album from World War I likely to have been taken by Captain Edward Albert McKenna. The photographs include the 7th Battalion training in Mena Camp, Egypt, and sight-seeing.


Image depicting the laying out of the camplines around Mena Camp, Egypt. Mena Camp was one of three training camps in Egypt that were used by the A.I.F. and the N.Z.E.F.


One of 139 photographs in an album from World War I likely to have been taken by Captain Edward Albert McKenna. The photographs include the 7th Battalion training in Mena Camp, Egypt, and sight-seeing.


Image depicting Mena Camp, Egypt, with Pyramids at Giza in the background. Mena Camp was one of three training camps in Egypt that were used by the A.I.F. and the N.Z.E.F.


Image of what appears to be in the interior of a building that appears to be religious in nature due to the presence of what seems to be pews, an alter (in the background) and associated religious images.


The 7th Battalion training in Mena Camp, Egypt, and sight-seeing. Image depicting mounted Indian lancers. Group of men in uniform, all wearing turbans, mounted on horseback and riding in what appears to be a formation.


Black velvet embroidered panel with World War I allied flags and words 'Egypt', Gallipoli' and 'Gaza'. Embroidered with the date '1917'.




One of 49 photographs in an album from World War I likely to have been taken by Troop (later Lieutenant) G.S. Millar depicting the Light Horse camp in Egypt, 1915, prior to Gallipoli.


This image shows the Australian Light Horse Brigade swimming their horses across the Nile River. According to one of the photograph inscriptions within the album (MM 107505) 150 horses could cross the water in 30 minutes. Crossing the horses was a part of the training undertaken in Egypt in order for the men to have experience with crossing rivers.


One of 139 photographs in an album from World War I likely to have been taken by Captain Edward Albert McKenna. The photographs include the 7th Battalion training in Mena Camp, Egypt, and sight-seeing.


Image depicting the Great Sphinx at Giza with two pyramids in the background. The Giza Plataeu was a popular tourist destination for the men whilst they were stationed in Egypt. Some of the attraction appears to have been for the climbing of the ancient monuments, as can be seen through the two figures climbing on the Great Sphinx.


One of 139 photographs in an album from World War I likely to have been taken by Captain Edward Albert McKenna. The photographs include the 7th Battalion training in Mena Camp, Egypt, and sight-seeing.


Image depicting the Holy Tree in Matarieh. According to legend the Holy Tree (also known as 'The Virgin Mary's Tree') is one of the resting places of the Holy Family (Joseph, Mary and Jesus) when they came to Egypt. There is currently a small museum at the sight to protect the tree.


Photograph of a line of covered motorized ambulances pulled up alongside the troop carrier Asturias at the wharf at Alexandria, Egypt, during World War I.


From a photograph album created by Sergeant John Lord and documents his time in Egypt. The album was created in a lined notebook/diary type book and John Lord completely filled the album with photographs. All of the photographs are numbered and in pencil he has written captions around many of the photographs. A few of the early photographs are dated 1915. Many of the photographs depict camps, local people, street scenes, fellow soldiers at rest, horses, ambulances, hospitals and camels.


Attached to a small notebook used as a photograph album, containing 55 black and white photographs of ANZAC soldiers in Egypt, Mudros and Gallipoli during World War I. The photographs were taken by an Australian soldier, Sergeant John Lord or one of his friends (to be verified). John Lord served in the 13th Field Ambulance and returned to Australia shortly after the end of the War in 1919.

The album was one of many souvenirs brought back to Australia after World War I by Lord. Part of a larger collection of photograph albums, images, documents and World War I memorabilia donated by John Lord to Museum Victoria.


Image depicting a sunset over the pyramids at Giza, Egypt.


One of 49 photographs in an album from World War I likely to have been taken by Troop (later Lieutenant) G.S. Millar depicting the Light Horse camp in Egypt, 1915, prior to Gallipoli.


Image depicting the No. 1 Australian General Hospital at Heliopolis.


Small photograph of four women wearing Muslim dress. The woman on the left has her arms and face exposed but the other three have their bodies and faces covered. The photograph is part of a collection of photographs belonging to Alfred Galbraith. Sapper Galbraith was in Egypt with the 2nd and 5th Division from December 1915 to June 1916, when the 5th Division sailed to France.


Small photograph of four AIF soldiers watching a punt crossing the Suez Canal. Lines of tents and other buildings are visible in the background. The photograph is part of a collection of photographs belonging to Alfred Galbraith. Sapper Galbraith was in Egypt with the 2nd and 5th Division from December 1915 to June 1916, when the 5th Division sailed to France. He died in France on 15 July 1916.


Exterior view showing the rotunda and piazza of the Heliopolis Palace Hotel, Cairo. It was the location for the 1st Australian General Hospital (AGH) during World War I. Around the rotunda are rows of hospital beds.


Interior view showing the main hall and balcony of the Heliopolis Palace Hotel, Cairo. It was the location for the 1st Australian General Hospital (AGH) during World War I. There are rows of hospital beds in the hall.


Several medical vehicles driving through the front gate of the Heliopolis Palace Hotel, Cairo. It was the location for the 1st Australian General Hospital (AGH) during World War I.


A group of Armenian women sitting between teepee style tents, Egypt


Wreckage of an Italian bomber aircraft, forced down in Egypt during World War II. There is a plaque in front of the wreckage that reads; 'ITALIAN BOMBER AIRCRAFT TYPE SAVOIA - S79 FORCED DOWN IN BATTLE AND CAPTURED ON EGYPTIAN TERRITORY'


Parade of servicemen with what appears to be the camp in the background. There are two pyramids on a rise in the background of the photo. In front of the parade there is a platform with a flag (possibly the British Red Ensign) and there are figures on horseback to the left of the platform and in front of the parade. In the foreground there is a serviceman on horseback.


Two mounted men in what appears to be a native uniform, mounted on horseback. In the background there is a large collection of tents and behind the tents, on a raised land formation, there are two pyramids.


Image of a street scene. There are buildings in the background and the photographer appears to be separated from them by a main road. Along the road there are at least two vehicles parked in front of the buildings and a horse drawn carriage. Another carriage or cart is disappearing out of frame to the right of the photograph. There are some figures on both sides of the road, some of whom appear to be preparing to cross the road.


Image depicting the men of the 7th Battalion resting near one of the pyramids at Giza, near Mena Camp.


Finely woven silk handkerchief with an embroidered flower in pink, bone and grey. A stamped image of a pyramid, giraffe, camel, the sphinx and palm trees.Handkerchief has been embroidered with green chain stitch, 'To Hilda from Jack'.


Image depicting three servicemen in a "Gharry." Two of the servicemen are identified as Harrison and Affleck. There were two Harrisons serving with the 5th Light Horse Regiment: Trooper Augustus Thomas Edward Harrison and Lance Corporal Eric Harrison, both of whom served in different Squadrons. However, a Trooper Kenneth Berkley Rogers-Harrison served with the 5th Light Horse Regiment in the C Squadron and is depicted in a later photograph. It therefore seems likely that it is in fact Trooper Rogers-Harrison that is referred to in the inscription. Two brothers Troopers Claude Stanley and John Eric Affleck were assigned to the 5th Light Horse Regiment, C Squadron. Since the servicemen are only identified by their surname there is no way to tell which brother is depicted. 


A 'Gharry' is a horse drawn carriage used as a cab in both Egypt and India.


Image depicting the 7th Battalion visiting the Great Sphinx at Giza. The Giza Plataeu appears to have been a popular tourist destination for the troops and many of the photohraphs taken by Captain McKenna depict this site.
Description Of Content:

In the foreground and leading into the background is a large group of servicemen, most are walking however some appear to be running or looking at the Great Sphinx which stands partially buried in the background of the photograph. Behind the right shoulder of the Great Sphinx is a pyramid.


Image depicting some Egyptians excavating near the pyramids. According to the caption they are searching for 'old tombs etc.' Looting from ancient Egyptian tombs is a well established practice, going back to ancient times.


Portrait of three nurses walking together down a street


Digital image of a photograph from an album compiled by Sister Selina Lily (Lil) Mackenzie, documenting life as an Australian nurse during World War I. Lil nursed at the 1st Australian General Hospital (AGH) from October 1915 to January 1917. The 1st AGH was located in the Heliopolis Palace Hotel on the north-eastern edge of Cairo.


Group portrait showing three nurses on camels in front of the Great Sphinx of Giza. A group of men are pictured standing around the camels. The Pyramid of Khafre is pictured in the background.


Digital image of a photograph from an album compiled by Sister Selina Lily (Lil) Mackenzie, documenting life as an Australian nurse during World War I. Lil nursed at the 1st Australian General Hospital (AGH) from October 1915 to January 1917. The 1st AGH was located in the Heliopolis Palace Hotel on the north-eastern edge of Cairo.


Group portrait of women on mules in front of Step Pyramid, Sakkara, Egypt. Men are pictured standing with the mules.


One of 21 black and white photographs contained in a Kodak photograph album. Many images were taken on board T.S.S. Ceramic in 1915, World War I era. About 27 further photographs missing or removed.


View from the side of the steamship T.S.S. Ceramic of a barge and tugboat. They were used to transfer troops from the ship to the shore, Alexandria.


Lil nursed at the 1st Australian General Hospital (AGH) from October 1915 to January 1917. The 1st AGH was located in the Heliopolis Palace Hotel on the north-eastern edge of Cairo.


Group portrait of 20 nurses in front of the Great Sphinx of Giza. The Pyramid of Khafre is pictured in the background.


Black-and-white postcard acquired during World War I (1914-1918), inscribed 'Kodak Austral'. 


The postcard shows an image of the entrance to the Suez Canal. The inscription on the back reads 'Port Suez' making it likely that the entry point at the Red Sea end of the canal is shown


Large embroidered silk banner, bought by Sapper Alfred Galbraith as a souvenir of his time in Egypt. It was obviously created for visitors from a number of nations as it features flags of the United Kingdom, Hungary, Germany, Russia, and the Netherlands.


Black and white postcard of a swing bridge over a canal at Ismailia, Egypt. The postcard, written 9 January 1916, was sent by Sapper Alfred Galbraith to 'Home Folks'. Galbraith writes about the boats being pulled along the canal by men.


Black and white postcard of an Egyptian woman carrying a large pot upon her shoulders. The postcard was written by Sapper Galbraith whilst training in Egypt, 1915-1916.


Photograph of Sergeant Hughes, Captain McKenna and Lieutenant Conder sitting in the gardens outside the Shepheards Hotel, taken during World War I, 1914-1915. 


More at: Museum Victoria   |   GPO Box 666 Melbourne 3001, Victoria, Australia